1,4-Disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-Triazole Containing Peptidotriazolamers: A New Class of Peptidomimetics With Interesting Foldamer Properties

Schröder DC, Kracker O, Fröhr T, Góra J, Jewginski M, Nieß A, Antes I, Latajka R, Marion A, Sewald N (2019)
Frontiers in Chemistry 7: 155.

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Peptidotriazolamers are hybrid foldamers with features of peptides and triazolamers, containing alternation of amide bonds and 1,4-disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-triazoles with conservation of the amino acid side chains. We report on the synthesis of a new class of peptidomimetics, containing 1,4-disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-triazoles in alternation with amide bonds and the elucidation of their conformational properties in solution. Based on enantiomerically pure propargylamines bearing the stereogenic center in the propargylic position and α-azido esters, building blocks were obtained by copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition. With these building blocks the peptidotriazolamers were readily available by solution phase synthesis. A panel of homo- and heterochiral tetramers, hexamers, and heptamers was synthesized and the heptamer Boc-Ala-Val-Ψ[4Tz]Phe-LeuΨ[4Tz]Phe-LeuΨ[4Tz]Val-OAll as well as an heterochiral and a Gly-containing equivalent were structurally characterized by NMR-based molecular dynamics simulations using a specifically tailored force field to determine their conformational and solvation properties. All three variants adopt a compact folded conformation in DMSO as well as in water. In addition to the heptamers we predicted the conformational behavior of similar longer oligomers i.e., Boc-Ala-(AlaΨ[4Tz]Ala)6-OAll as well as Boc-Ala-(d-AlaΨ[4Tz]Ala)6-OAll and Boc-Ala-(GlyΨ[4Tz]Ala)6-OAll. Our calculations predict a clear secondary structure of the first two molecules in DMSO that collapses in water due to the hydrophobic character of the side chains. The homochiral compound folds into a regular helical structure and the heterochiral one shows a twisted “S”-shape, while the Gly variant exhibits no clear secondary structure.
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Frontiers in Chemistry
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7
Art.-Nr.
155
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Schröder DC, Kracker O, Fröhr T, et al. 1,4-Disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-Triazole Containing Peptidotriazolamers: A New Class of Peptidomimetics With Interesting Foldamer Properties. Frontiers in Chemistry. 2019;7: 155.
Schröder, D. C., Kracker, O., Fröhr, T., Góra, J., Jewginski, M., Nieß, A., Antes, I., et al. (2019). 1,4-Disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-Triazole Containing Peptidotriazolamers: A New Class of Peptidomimetics With Interesting Foldamer Properties. Frontiers in Chemistry, 7, 155. doi:10.3389/fchem.2019.00155
Schröder, D. C., Kracker, O., Fröhr, T., Góra, J., Jewginski, M., Nieß, A., Antes, I., Latajka, R., Marion, A., and Sewald, N. (2019). 1,4-Disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-Triazole Containing Peptidotriazolamers: A New Class of Peptidomimetics With Interesting Foldamer Properties. Frontiers in Chemistry 7:155.
Schröder, D.C., et al., 2019. 1,4-Disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-Triazole Containing Peptidotriazolamers: A New Class of Peptidomimetics With Interesting Foldamer Properties. Frontiers in Chemistry, 7: 155.
D.C. Schröder, et al., “1,4-Disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-Triazole Containing Peptidotriazolamers: A New Class of Peptidomimetics With Interesting Foldamer Properties”, Frontiers in Chemistry, vol. 7, 2019, : 155.
Schröder, D.C., Kracker, O., Fröhr, T., Góra, J., Jewginski, M., Nieß, A., Antes, I., Latajka, R., Marion, A., Sewald, N.: 1,4-Disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-Triazole Containing Peptidotriazolamers: A New Class of Peptidomimetics With Interesting Foldamer Properties. Frontiers in Chemistry. 7, : 155 (2019).
Schröder, David C., Kracker, Oliver, Fröhr, Tanja, Góra, Jerzy, Jewginski, Michał, Nieß, Anke, Antes, Iris, Latajka, Rafał, Marion, Antoine, and Sewald, Norbert. “1,4-Disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-Triazole Containing Peptidotriazolamers: A New Class of Peptidomimetics With Interesting Foldamer Properties”. Frontiers in Chemistry 7 (2019): 155.
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