Law Students' Judgments of a Rape Victim's Statement: The Role of Displays of Emotion and Acceptance of Sexual Aggression Myths

Bohner G, Schapansky E (2018)
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE 12.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht| Englisch
 
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Bohner, GerdUniBi ; Schapansky, Evelyn
Abstract / Bemerkung
Female rape victims who display "appropriate" emotions (versus "inappropriate" or no emotions) are often judged to be more credible. The authors studied the interplay of different emotion displays with perceivers' acceptance of modern myths about sexual aggression (AMMSA) in predicting judgments of credibility and blame. Law students (N= 120) completed a 16-item AMMSA scale and watched a video showing a simulated interview with a rape victim (played by an actress). The emotion displayed by the victim (sad, angry, or neutral) was experimentally manipulated; her statement's verbal content was held constant. Main dependent variables were perceived victim credibility, victim blame, severity of the injury, and likelihood of recovery. Results showed that AMMSA strongly predicted all dependent variables across conditions. Effects of displayed emotions were less pervasive and depended on participants' gender and AMMSA: At higher (vs. lower) levels of AMMSA, women - but not men - judged the sad victim's statement to be most credible, and the angry victim's statement to be least credible, with the neutral statement falling in between. The findings suggest that perceivers may be better at keeping their judgements free from unwanted external influences (the emotional displays) than unwanted internal influences (their own AMMSA). The authors discuss future directions regarding the mechanisms involved and practical implications for the legal context.
Stichworte
AMMSA; credibility; emotion; rape myths; sexual violence; victims
Erscheinungsjahr
2018
Zeitschriftentitel
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE
Band
12
ISSN
1864-1385
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2934660

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Bohner G, Schapansky E. Law Students' Judgments of a Rape Victim's Statement: The Role of Displays of Emotion and Acceptance of Sexual Aggression Myths. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE. 2018;12.
Bohner, G., & Schapansky, E. (2018). Law Students' Judgments of a Rape Victim's Statement: The Role of Displays of Emotion and Acceptance of Sexual Aggression Myths. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE, 12. doi:10.4119/UNIBI/ijcv.635
Bohner, G., and Schapansky, E. (2018). Law Students' Judgments of a Rape Victim's Statement: The Role of Displays of Emotion and Acceptance of Sexual Aggression Myths. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE 12.
Bohner, G., & Schapansky, E., 2018. Law Students' Judgments of a Rape Victim's Statement: The Role of Displays of Emotion and Acceptance of Sexual Aggression Myths. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE, 12.
G. Bohner and E. Schapansky, “Law Students' Judgments of a Rape Victim's Statement: The Role of Displays of Emotion and Acceptance of Sexual Aggression Myths”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE, vol. 12, 2018.
Bohner, G., Schapansky, E.: Law Students' Judgments of a Rape Victim's Statement: The Role of Displays of Emotion and Acceptance of Sexual Aggression Myths. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE. 12, (2018).
Bohner, Gerd, and Schapansky, Evelyn. “Law Students' Judgments of a Rape Victim's Statement: The Role of Displays of Emotion and Acceptance of Sexual Aggression Myths”. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE 12 (2018).
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