Development of the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ): factor structure, reliability, and validity

Reder M, Berens E-M, Spallek J, Kolip P (2019)
BMC Psychology 7(1): 17.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Background Informed choice is of ethical and practical importance in mammography screening. To assess the level to which decisions regarding such screening are informed is thus imperative, but no specific instrument has been available to measure informed choice in the German mammography screening programme. The aims of this study were to develop the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ) and to find first evidence for the factor structure, reliability and validity of its different components. Methods The IMQ was sent to 17.349 women aged 50 in Westphalia-Lippe, Germany. The instrument has been developed after consideration of (1) the results of qualitative interviews on decision making in the mammography screening programme, (2) relevant literature on other informed choice instruments and (3) a qualitative study on influencing factors. The IMQ comprises 3 scales (attitude, norms, and barriers), 1 index (knowledge) and singular items covering intention to participate and sociodemographic variables. To assess the psychometric properties of the components of the IMQ, confirmatory factor and item response theory analyses were conducted. Additionally, reliability, validity and item statistics were assessed. Results 5.847 questionnaires were returned (response rate 33.7%). For attitude, the confirmatory factor analysis supported a one-factor structure. For norms, the model fit was not acceptable. Reliability levels were good with a Cronbach‘s α of.793 for attitude (4 items) and.795 for norms (5 items). For barriers, 9 items were deleted because of low discrimination indices; 6 items remained. The hypothesised assumption-subscale and the importance-subscale were confirmed, but these subscales showed poor reliabilities with Cronbach‘s α=.525 (4 items) and.583 (2 items). For the knowledge index, item response theory analysis showed that 6 out of 7 items were suitable. Hypotheses concerning the correlations between the different components were confirmed, which supported their convergent and divergent validity. Conclusion The results of this study demonstrated that the IMQ is a multidimensional instrument. Further development of the barriers and norms scales is necessary. The IMQ can be utilised to assess the level of informed choices as well as influencing factors.
Stichworte
Mammography screening; Informed choice; Confirmatory factor analysis; Reliability; Validity
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
BMC Psychology
Band
7
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
17
ISSN
2050-7283
eISSN
2050-7283
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2934482

Zitieren

Reder M, Berens E-M, Spallek J, Kolip P. Development of the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ): factor structure, reliability, and validity. BMC Psychology. 2019;7(1): 17.
Reder, M., Berens, E. - M., Spallek, J., & Kolip, P. (2019). Development of the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ): factor structure, reliability, and validity. BMC Psychology, 7(1), 17. doi:10.1186/s40359-019-0291-2
Reder, M., Berens, E. - M., Spallek, J., and Kolip, P. (2019). Development of the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ): factor structure, reliability, and validity. BMC Psychology 7:17.
Reder, M., et al., 2019. Development of the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ): factor structure, reliability, and validity. BMC Psychology, 7(1): 17.
M. Reder, et al., “Development of the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ): factor structure, reliability, and validity”, BMC Psychology, vol. 7, 2019, : 17.
Reder, M., Berens, E.-M., Spallek, J., Kolip, P.: Development of the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ): factor structure, reliability, and validity. BMC Psychology. 7, : 17 (2019).
Reder, Maren, Berens, Eva-Maria, Spallek, Jacob, and Kolip, Petra. “Development of the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ): factor structure, reliability, and validity”. BMC Psychology 7.1 (2019): 17.
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