More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens

Dudde A, Schrader L, Weigend S, Matthews LR, Krause ET (2018)
Applied Animal Behaviour Science 209: 65-70.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht| Englisch
 
Download
Es wurde kein Volltext hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Autor*in
Dudde, Anissa; Schrader, Lars; Weigend, Steffen; Matthews, Lindsay R.; Krause, E. Tobias
Abstract / Bemerkung
Different lines of laying hens have undergone a strong selection pressure for productivity traits, which has been proposed as a potential cause of undesirable side effects like behavioural disorders. One reason for such behavioral changes might be due to energy trade-offs, as high productive laying hens may conserve energy expenditure on activity in order to sustain the high level of egg production. However, beside the level of egg production, also phylogenetic origin has potential implications on differences in fearfulness, stress reactivity and sociality in layers. In this study, we compared four purebred layer lines differing in egg laying productivity and phylogenetic origin on their fearfulness and sociality prior to the start of laying. We used 77 chickens in a 2 x 2 group design, with two layer lines with white egg shell color and two lines with brown color which differed in laying performance ( similar to 200 versus similar to 300 egg / y, respectively, within colors). We measured fearfulness and sociality using five different behavioral tests (visual cliff, social approach, novel-object, mirror approach and tonic immobility). The data from the tests were analyzed using a principle component analysis revealing that our data were best explained by two components representing the dimension social behavior (PC1) and fear (PC2), respectively, which were further analyzed by a linear model (LM). The high productive lines showed a lower social motivation (lower values on PC1(social) LM: p < 0.0001) than the less productive lines and the white hens had a higher social motivation than brown hens (higher values on PC1(social), LM; p = 0.0004). Our results indicated that phylogeny and level of egg production affected the two dimensions of behavior differently with sociality but not fearfulness likely linked to the level of egg productivity. The decreased engagement in social behavior is consistent with the notion of energy trade-offs due to intense selection on egg productivity. The unintentional impacts of selection on behavior deserves further research, especially with regard to potential effects on welfare.
Erscheinungsjahr
2018
Zeitschriftentitel
Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Band
209
Seite(n)
65-70
ISSN
0168-1591
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2933562

Zitieren

Dudde A, Schrader L, Weigend S, Matthews LR, Krause ET. More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 2018;209:65-70.
Dudde, A., Schrader, L., Weigend, S., Matthews, L. R., & Krause, E. T. (2018). More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 209, 65-70. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2018.08.017
Dudde, A., Schrader, L., Weigend, S., Matthews, L. R., and Krause, E. T. (2018). More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 209, 65-70.
Dudde, A., et al., 2018. More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 209, p 65-70.
A. Dudde, et al., “More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens”, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, vol. 209, 2018, pp. 65-70.
Dudde, A., Schrader, L., Weigend, S., Matthews, L.R., Krause, E.T.: More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 209, 65-70 (2018).
Dudde, Anissa, Schrader, Lars, Weigend, Steffen, Matthews, Lindsay R., and Krause, E. Tobias. “More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens”. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 209 (2018): 65-70.
Material in PUB:
Dissertation, die diesen PUB Eintrag enthält
The Effects of Selection for Egg Yield on the Behaviour of Laying Hens
Dudde A (2019)
Bielefeld: Universität Bielefeld.