Soil Application of an Encapsulated CO<SUB>2</SUB> Source and Its Potential for Management of Western Corn Rootworm Larvae

Schumann M, Patel A, Vidal S (2014)
Journal of Economic Entomology 107(1): 230-239.

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Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) larvae use carbon dioxide (CO2) to locate the roots of their hosts. This study investigated whether an encapsulated CO2 source (CO2-emitting capsules) is able to outcompete CO2 gradients established by corn root respiration in the soil. Furthermore, the following two management options with the capsules were tested in semiÞeld experiments (0.5- to 1-m2 greenhouse plots): the disruption of host location and an “attract-and-kill” strategy in which larvae were lured to a soil insecticide (Teßuthrin) between the corn rows. The attract-and-kill strategy was compared with an application of Teßuthrin in the corn rows (conventional treatment) at 33 and 18% of the standard Þeld application rate. Application of the CO2-emitting capsules 30 cm from the plant base increased CO2 levels near the application point for up to 20 d with a peak at day 10. Both the disruption of host location and an attract-and-kill strategy caused a slight but nonsigniÞcant reduction in larval densities. The disruption of host location caused a 17% reduction in larval densities, whereas an attract-and-kill strategy with Teßuthrin added at 33 and 18% of the standard application rate caused a 24 and 27% reduction in larval densities, respectively. As presently formulated, theCO2-emitting capsules, either with or without insecticide, do not provide adequate control of western corn rootworm.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Economic Entomology
Band
107
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
230-239
ISSN
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Schumann M, Patel A, Vidal S. Soil Application of an Encapsulated CO<SUB>2</SUB> Source and Its Potential for Management of Western Corn Rootworm Larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology. 2014;107(1):230-239.
Schumann, M., Patel, A., & Vidal, S. (2014). Soil Application of an Encapsulated CO<SUB>2</SUB> Source and Its Potential for Management of Western Corn Rootworm Larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology, 107(1), 230-239. doi:10.1603/ec13344
Schumann, M., Patel, A., and Vidal, S. (2014). Soil Application of an Encapsulated CO<SUB>2</SUB> Source and Its Potential for Management of Western Corn Rootworm Larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 230-239.
Schumann, M., Patel, A., & Vidal, S., 2014. Soil Application of an Encapsulated CO<SUB>2</SUB> Source and Its Potential for Management of Western Corn Rootworm Larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology, 107(1), p 230-239.
M. Schumann, A. Patel, and S. Vidal, “Soil Application of an Encapsulated CO<SUB>2</SUB> Source and Its Potential for Management of Western Corn Rootworm Larvae”, Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 107, 2014, pp. 230-239.
Schumann, M., Patel, A., Vidal, S.: Soil Application of an Encapsulated CO<SUB>2</SUB> Source and Its Potential for Management of Western Corn Rootworm Larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology. 107, 230-239 (2014).
Schumann, Mario, Patel, Anant, and Vidal, Stefan. “Soil Application of an Encapsulated CO<SUB>2</SUB> Source and Its Potential for Management of Western Corn Rootworm Larvae”. Journal of Economic Entomology 107.1 (2014): 230-239.
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