Anomalous Nernst effect and three-dimensional temperature gradients in magnetic tunnel junctions

Martens U, Huebner T, Ulrichs H, Reimer O, Kuschel T, Tamming RR, Chang C-L, Tobey RI, Thomas A, Münzenberg M, Walowski J (2018)
Communications Physics 1(1): 65.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Martens, Ulrike; Huebner, Torsten; Ulrichs, Henning; Reimer, OliverUniBi; Kuschel, TimoUniBi ; Tamming, Ronnie R.; Chang, Chia-Lin; Tobey, Raanan I.; Thomas, Andy ; Münzenberg, Markus; Walowski, Jakob
Abstract / Bemerkung
Localized laser heating creates temperature gradients in all directions leading to threedimensional electron flux in metallic materials. Temperature gradients in combination with material magnetization generate thermomagnetic voltages. The interplay between these temperature gradients and the magnetization along with their control enable to manipulate the generated voltages in magnetic nanodevices. We present a highly sensitive method to identify the anomalous Nernst effect generated on the nanometer length scale by micrometer-sized temperature gradients in magnetic tunnel junctions with CoFeB electrodes and a MgO tunnel barrier systematically extracted by analyzing the influence of in-plane temperature gradients on the tunnel magneto-Seebeck effect. This method yields an anomalous Nernst effect coefficient of K_N ≈ 1.6 × 10−8 V T−1 K−1 for CoFeB. Generally, such investigations are motivated by utilizing otherwise wasted heat in magnetic memory devices for read/write operations. The additionally generated anomalous Nernst effect offers a functionality expansion, opening new application fields such as direction-dependent temperature sensing with downscaling potential.
Erscheinungsjahr
2018
Zeitschriftentitel
Communications Physics
Band
1
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
65
eISSN
2399-3650
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2931601

Zitieren

Martens U, Huebner T, Ulrichs H, et al. Anomalous Nernst effect and three-dimensional temperature gradients in magnetic tunnel junctions. Communications Physics. 2018;1(1): 65.
Martens, U., Huebner, T., Ulrichs, H., Reimer, O., Kuschel, T., Tamming, R. R., Chang, C. - L., et al. (2018). Anomalous Nernst effect and three-dimensional temperature gradients in magnetic tunnel junctions. Communications Physics, 1(1), 65. doi:10.1038/s42005-018-0063-y
Martens, U., Huebner, T., Ulrichs, H., Reimer, O., Kuschel, T., Tamming, R. R., Chang, C. - L., Tobey, R. I., Thomas, A., Münzenberg, M., et al. (2018). Anomalous Nernst effect and three-dimensional temperature gradients in magnetic tunnel junctions. Communications Physics 1:65.
Martens, U., et al., 2018. Anomalous Nernst effect and three-dimensional temperature gradients in magnetic tunnel junctions. Communications Physics, 1(1): 65.
U. Martens, et al., “Anomalous Nernst effect and three-dimensional temperature gradients in magnetic tunnel junctions”, Communications Physics, vol. 1, 2018, : 65.
Martens, U., Huebner, T., Ulrichs, H., Reimer, O., Kuschel, T., Tamming, R.R., Chang, C.-L., Tobey, R.I., Thomas, A., Münzenberg, M., Walowski, J.: Anomalous Nernst effect and three-dimensional temperature gradients in magnetic tunnel junctions. Communications Physics. 1, : 65 (2018).
Martens, Ulrike, Huebner, Torsten, Ulrichs, Henning, Reimer, Oliver, Kuschel, Timo, Tamming, Ronnie R., Chang, Chia-Lin, Tobey, Raanan I., Thomas, Andy, Münzenberg, Markus, and Walowski, Jakob. “Anomalous Nernst effect and three-dimensional temperature gradients in magnetic tunnel junctions”. Communications Physics 1.1 (2018): 65.

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