On the importance of self-control strength for regular physical activity

Finne E, Englert C, Jekauc D (2019)
Psychology of Sport and Exercise 43: 165-171.

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Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Objectives Physical activity intentions do not automatically lead to physical activity behavior, indicating that there are other (psychological) factors involved. In the present study, we tested the assumption that self-control strength is required to bridge the intention-behavior gap in terms of initial and weekly intentions. Design A total of N = 259 individuals, who registered for a weekly university sports course, were followed for 13 weeks. Methods At baseline, trait self-control strength as well as the intention to take part in the respective sports course on a regular basis were measured. Then, we registered weekly participation and asked the participants after each training session to report their intention to show up at next week’s training session. Results Despite very high baseline as well as weekly exercise intentions, the participation rate dropped considerably over time, indicating a large intention-behavior gap. The association of within-person fluctuations in weekly intentions and actual participation was moderated by self-control: Only in individuals with high levels of trait self-control strength stronger intentions were associated with a higher chance of actual re-attendance. Baseline intention was also associated with participation but not moderated by self-control. Conclusions These findings indicate that high levels of self-control strength are beneficial in order to translate short-term intentions into actual behavior. Practical implications on how to improve self-control are discussed.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Psychology of Sport and Exercise
Band
43
Seite(n)
165-171
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Finne E, Englert C, Jekauc D. On the importance of self-control strength for regular physical activity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2019;43:165-171.
Finne, E., Englert, C., & Jekauc, D. (2019). On the importance of self-control strength for regular physical activity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 43, 165-171. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.02.007
Finne, E., Englert, C., and Jekauc, D. (2019). On the importance of self-control strength for regular physical activity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 43, 165-171.
Finne, E., Englert, C., & Jekauc, D., 2019. On the importance of self-control strength for regular physical activity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 43, p 165-171.
E. Finne, C. Englert, and D. Jekauc, “On the importance of self-control strength for regular physical activity”, Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 43, 2019, pp. 165-171.
Finne, E., Englert, C., Jekauc, D.: On the importance of self-control strength for regular physical activity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 43, 165-171 (2019).
Finne, Emily, Englert, Christoph, and Jekauc, Darko. “On the importance of self-control strength for regular physical activity”. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 43 (2019): 165-171.