Global Mortality From Firearms, 1990-2016

Naghavi M, Marczak LB, Kutz M, Shackelford KA, Arora M, Miller-Petrie M, Aichour MTE, Akseer N, Al-Raddadi RM, Alam K, Alghnam SA, et al. (2018)
JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 320(8): 792-814.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Naghavi, Mohsen; Marczak, Laurie B.; Kutz, Michael; Shackelford, Katya Anne; Arora, Megha; Miller-Petrie, Molly; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Akseer, Nadia; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa M.; Alam, Khurshid; Alghnam, Suliman A.; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.
Alle
Abstract / Bemerkung
IMPORTANCE Understanding global variation in firearm mortality rates could guide prevention policies and interventions. OBJECTIVE To estimate mortality due to firearm injury deaths from 1990 to 2016 in 195 countries and territories. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This study used deidentified aggregated data including 13 812 location-years of vital registration data to generate estimates of levels and rates of death by age-sex-year-location. The proportion of suicides in which a firearm was the lethal means was combined with an estimate of per capita gun ownership in a revised proxy measure used to evaluate the relationship between availability or access to firearms and firearm injury deaths. EXPOSURES Firearm ownership and access. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Cause-specific deaths by age, sex, location, and year. RESULTS Worldwide, it was estimated that 251 000 (95% uncertainty interval [UI], 195 000-276 000) people died from firearm injuries in 2016, with 6 countries (Brazil, United States, Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, and Guatemala) accounting for 50.5%(95% UI, 42.2%-54.8%) of those deaths. In 1990, there were an estimated 209 000 (95% UI, 172 000 to 235 000) deaths from firearm injuries. Globally, the majority of firearm injury deaths in 2016 were homicides (64.0%[95% UI, 54.2%-68.0%]; absolute value, 161 000 deaths [95% UI, 107 000-182 000]); additionally, 27% were firearm suicide deaths (67 500 [95% UI, 55 400-84 100]) and 9% were unintentional firearm deaths (23 000 [95% UI, 18 200-24 800]). From 1990 to 2016, there was no significant decrease in the estimated global age-standardized firearm homicide rate (-0.2%[95% UI, -0.8% to 0.2%]). Firearm suicide rates decreased globally at an annualized rate of 1.6%(95% UI, 1.1-2.0), but in 124 of 195 countries and territories included in this study, these levels were either constant or significant increases were estimated. There was an annualized decrease of 0.9% (95% UI, 0.5%-1.3%) in the global rate of age-standardized firearm deaths from 1990 to 2016. Aggregate firearm injury deaths in 2016 were highest among persons aged 20 to 24 years (for men, an estimated 34 700 deaths [95% UI, 24 900-39 700] and for women, an estimated 3580 deaths [95% UI, 2810-4210]). Estimates of the number of firearms by country were associated with higher rates of firearm suicide (P<.001; R-2 = 0.21) and homicide (P<.001; R-2 = 0.35). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE This study estimated between 195 000 and 276 000 firearm injury deaths globally in 2016, the majority of which were firearm homicides. Despite an overall decrease in rates of firearm injury death since 1990, there was variation among countries and across demographic subgroups.
Erscheinungsjahr
2018
Zeitschriftentitel
JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
Band
320
Ausgabe
8
Seite(n)
792-814
ISSN
0098-7484
eISSN
1538-3598
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2931108

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Naghavi M, Marczak LB, Kutz M, et al. Global Mortality From Firearms, 1990-2016. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION. 2018;320(8):792-814.
Naghavi, M., Marczak, L. B., Kutz, M., Shackelford, K. A., Arora, M., Miller-Petrie, M., Aichour, M. T. E., et al. (2018). Global Mortality From Firearms, 1990-2016. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 320(8), 792-814. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10060
Naghavi, M., Marczak, L. B., Kutz, M., Shackelford, K. A., Arora, M., Miller-Petrie, M., Aichour, M. T. E., Akseer, N., Al-Raddadi, R. M., Alam, K., et al. (2018). Global Mortality From Firearms, 1990-2016. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 320, 792-814.
Naghavi, M., et al., 2018. Global Mortality From Firearms, 1990-2016. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 320(8), p 792-814.
M. Naghavi, et al., “Global Mortality From Firearms, 1990-2016”, JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, vol. 320, 2018, pp. 792-814.
Naghavi, M., Marczak, L.B., Kutz, M., Shackelford, K.A., Arora, M., Miller-Petrie, M., Aichour, M.T.E., Akseer, N., Al-Raddadi, R.M., Alam, K., Alghnam, S.A., Antonio, C.A.T., Aremu, O., Arora, A., Asadi-Lari, M., Assadi, R., Atey, T.M., Avila-Burgos, L., Awasthi, A., Quintanilla, B.P.A., Barker-Collo, S.L., Barnighausen, T.W., Bazargan-Hejazi, S., Behzadifar, M., Behzadifar, M., Bennett, J.R., Bhalla, A., Bhutta, Z.A., Bilal, A.I., Borges, G., Borschmann, R., Brazinova, A., Rincon, J.C.C., Carvalho, F., Castaneda-Orjuela, C.A., Dandona, L., Dandona, R., Dargan, P.I., De Leo, D., Dharmaratne, S.D., Ding, E.L., Huyen Phuc Do, H.P.D., Doku, D.T., Doyle, K.E., Driscoll, T.R., Edessa, D., El-Khatib, Z., Endries, A.Y., Esteghamati, A., Faro, A., Farzadfar, F., Feigin, V.L., Fischer, F., Foreman, K.J., Franklin, R.C., Fullman, N., Futran, N.D., Gebrehiwot, T.T., Gutierrez, R.A., Hafezi-Nejad, N., Bidgoli, H.H., Hailu, G.B., Haro, J.M., Hassen, H.Y., Hawley, C., Hendrie, D., Hijar, M., Hu, G., Ilesanmi, O.S., Jakovljevic, M., James, S.L., Jayaraman, S., Jonas, J.B., Kahsay, A., Kasaeian, A., Keiyoro, P.N., Khader, Y., Khalil, I.A., Khang, Y.-H., Khubchandani, J., Kiadaliri, A.A., Kieling, C., Kim, Y.J., Kosen, S., Krohn, K.J., Kumar, G.A., Lami, F.H., Lansingh, V.C., Larson, H.J., Linn, S., Lunevicius, R., Abd El Razek, H.M., Abd El Razek, M.M., Malekzadeh, R., Malta, D.C., Mason-Jones, A.J., Matzopoulos, R., Memiah, P.T.N., Mendoza, W., Meretoja, T.J., Mezgebe, H.B., Miller, T.R., Mohammed, S., Moradi-Lakeh, M., Mori, R., Nand, D., Cuong Tat Nguyen, C.T.N., Quyen Le Nguyen, Q.L.N., Ningrum, D.N.A., Ogbo, F.A., Olagunju, A.T., Patton, G.C., Phillips, M.R., Polinder, S., Pourmalek, F., Qorbani, M., Rahimi-Movaghar, A., Rahimi-Movaghar, V., Rahman, M., Rai, R.K., Ranabhat, C.L., Rawaf, D.L., Rawaf, S., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Safdarian, M., Safiri, S., Sagar, R., Salama, J.S., Sanabria, J., Milicevic, M.M.S., Sarmiento-Suarez, R., Sartorius, B., Satpathy, M., Schwebel, D.C., Seedat, S., Sepanlou, S.G., Shaikh, M.A., Sharew, N.T., Shiue, I., Singh, J.A., Sisay, M., Skirbekk, V., Soares Filho, A.M., Stein, D.J., Stokes, M.A., Sufiyan, M.'awiyyah B., Swaroop, M., Sykes, B.L., Tabares-Seisdedos, R., Tadese, F., Bach Xuan Tran, B.X.T., Tung Thanh Tran, T.T.T., Ukwaja, K.N., Vasankari, T.J., Vlassov, V., Werdecker, A., Ye, P., Yip, P., Yonemoto, N., Younis, M.Z., Zaidi, Z., Zaki, M.E.S., Hay, S.I., Lim, S.S., Lopez, A.D., Mokdad, A.H., Vos, T., Murray, C.J.L.: Global Mortality From Firearms, 1990-2016. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION. 320, 792-814 (2018).
Naghavi, Mohsen, Marczak, Laurie B., Kutz, Michael, Shackelford, Katya Anne, Arora, Megha, Miller-Petrie, Molly, Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine, Akseer, Nadia, Al-Raddadi, Rajaa M., Alam, Khurshid, Alghnam, Suliman A., Antonio, Carl Abelardo T., Aremu, Olatunde, Arora, Amit, Asadi-Lari, Mohsen, Assadi, Reza, Atey, Tesfay Mehari, Avila-Burgos, Leticia, Awasthi, Ashish, Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala, Barker-Collo, Suzanne Lyn, Barnighausen, Till Winfried, Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad, Behzadifar, Masoud, Behzadifar, Meysam, Bennett, James R., Bhalla, Ashish, Bhutta, Zulfiqar A., Bilal, Arebu Issa, Borges, Guilherme, Borschmann, Rohan, Brazinova, Alexandra, Rincon, Julio Cesar Campuzano, Carvalho, Felix, Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A., Dandona, Lalit, Dandona, Rakhi, Dargan, Paul I., De Leo, Diego, Dharmaratne, Samath Dhamminda, Ding, Eric L., Huyen Phuc Do, Huyen Phuc Do, Doku, David Teye, Doyle, Kerrie E., Driscoll, TimRobert, Edessa, Dumessa, El-Khatib, Ziad, Endries, Aman Yesuf, Esteghamati, Alireza, Faro, Andre, Farzadfar, Farshad, Feigin, Valery L., Fischer, Florian, Foreman, Kyle J., Franklin, Richard Charles, Fullman, Nancy, Futran, Neal D., Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde, Gutierrez, Reyna Alma, Hafezi-Nejad, Nima, Bidgoli, Hassan Haghparast, Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa, Haro, Josep Maria, Hassen, Hamid Yimam, Hawley, Caitlin, Hendrie, Delia, Hijar, Martha, Hu, Guoqing, Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen, Jakovljevic, Mihajlo, James, Spencer L., Jayaraman, Sudha, Jonas, Jost B., Kahsay, Amaha, Kasaeian, Amir, Keiyoro, Peter Njenga, Khader, Yousef, Khalil, Ibrahim A., Khang, Young-Ho, Khubchandani, Jagdish, Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad, Kieling, Christian, Kim, Yun Jin, Kosen, Soewarta, Krohn, Kristopher J., Kumar, G. Anil, Lami, Faris Hasan, Lansingh, Van C., Larson, Heidi Jane, Linn, Shai, Lunevicius, Raimundas, Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy, Abd El Razek, Muhammed Magdy, Malekzadeh, Reza, Malta, Deborah Carvalho, Mason-Jones, Amanda J., Matzopoulos, Richard, Memiah, Peter T. N., Mendoza, Walter, Meretoja, Tuomo J., Mezgebe, Haftay Berhane, Miller, Ted R., Mohammed, Shafiu, Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar, Mori, Rintaro, Nand, Devina, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Quyen Le Nguyen, Quyen Le Nguyen, Ningrum, Dina Nur Anggraini, Ogbo, Felix Akpojene, Olagunju, Andrew T., Patton, George C., Phillips, Michael R., Polinder, Suzanne, Pourmalek, Farshad, Qorbani, Mostafa, Rahimi-Movaghar, Afarin, Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa, Rahman, Mahfuzar, Rai, Rajesh Kumar, Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal, Rawaf, David Laith, Rawaf, Salman, Rowhani-Rahbar, Ali, Safdarian, Mahdi, Safiri, Saeid, Sagar, Rajesh, Salama, Joseph S., Sanabria, Juan, Milicevic, Milena M. Santric, Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo, Sartorius, Benn, Satpathy, Maheswar, Schwebel, David C., Seedat, Soraya, Sepanlou, Sadaf G., Shaikh, Masood Ali, Sharew, Nigussie Tadesse, Shiue, Ivy, Singh, Jasvinder A., Sisay, Mekonnen, Skirbekk, Vegard, Soares Filho, Adauto Martins, Stein, Dan J., Stokes, Mark Andrew, Sufiyan, Mu'awiyyah Babale, Swaroop, Mamta, Sykes, Bryan L., Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael, Tadese, Fentaw, Bach Xuan Tran, Bach Xuan Tran, Tung Thanh Tran, Tung Thanh Tran, Ukwaja, Kingsley Nnanna, Vasankari, Tommi Juhani, Vlassov, Vasily, Werdecker, Andrea, Ye, Pengpeng, Yip, Paul, Yonemoto, Naohiro, Younis, Mustafa Z., Zaidi, Zoubida, Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed, Hay, Simon I., Lim, Stephen S., Lopez, Alan D., Mokdad, Ali H., Vos, Theo, and Murray, Christopher J. L. “Global Mortality From Firearms, 1990-2016”. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 320.8 (2018): 792-814.

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