Between National Socialism and expert internationalism: Karl Strolin and transnationalism in urban planning, 1938-45

Wagner P (2018)
EUROPEAN REVIEW OF HISTORY-REVUE EUROPEENNE D HISTOIRE 25(3-4): 512-534.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
This essay examines the transnational activities of National Socialist experts, focusing on the endeavours of the burgomaster of Stuttgart, Karl Strolin. In 1938, Strolin became president of the International Federation for Housing and Town Planning (IFHTP), one of the most distinguished international expert institutions for European and North American urban planning. The article discusses his belief that promoting an international convention on the protection of urban populations would contribute to German diplomacy in the initial period of the Second World War. Then it investigates the IFHTP president's efforts to transform his institution into an outlet for National Socialist ideas against the background of the German advance through Europe. A final section deals with Strolin's attempts to transform the IFHTP into a forum for evaluating urban reconstruction policies in the last year of the war. This biographical study shows how it was possible to juggle the logics and expectations of seemingly contradictory spatial and political realms during and after World War II. National socialist politics and ideology exacerbated the tensions between local, national and international affiliations, but at the same time never fully permeated the mechanisms of expert internationalism. By revealing how Strolin navigated between local ambitions, the demands of domestic foreign policy and the ethics of expert internationalism in three markedly different projects, this essay contributes to a growing body of scholarship on the cross-border activities of National Socialist professionals in (occupied) Europe.
Stichworte
National Socialism; internationalism; transnationalism; foreign policy; urban planning; Second World War
Erscheinungsjahr
2018
Zeitschriftentitel
EUROPEAN REVIEW OF HISTORY-REVUE EUROPEENNE D HISTOIRE
Band
25
Ausgabe
3-4
Seite(n)
512-534
ISSN
1350-7486
eISSN
1469-8293
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2930287

Zitieren

Wagner P. Between National Socialism and expert internationalism: Karl Strolin and transnationalism in urban planning, 1938-45. EUROPEAN REVIEW OF HISTORY-REVUE EUROPEENNE D HISTOIRE. 2018;25(3-4):512-534.
Wagner, P. (2018). Between National Socialism and expert internationalism: Karl Strolin and transnationalism in urban planning, 1938-45. EUROPEAN REVIEW OF HISTORY-REVUE EUROPEENNE D HISTOIRE, 25(3-4), 512-534. doi:10.1080/13507486.2018.1439888
Wagner, P. (2018). Between National Socialism and expert internationalism: Karl Strolin and transnationalism in urban planning, 1938-45. EUROPEAN REVIEW OF HISTORY-REVUE EUROPEENNE D HISTOIRE 25, 512-534.
Wagner, P., 2018. Between National Socialism and expert internationalism: Karl Strolin and transnationalism in urban planning, 1938-45. EUROPEAN REVIEW OF HISTORY-REVUE EUROPEENNE D HISTOIRE, 25(3-4), p 512-534.
P. Wagner, “Between National Socialism and expert internationalism: Karl Strolin and transnationalism in urban planning, 1938-45”, EUROPEAN REVIEW OF HISTORY-REVUE EUROPEENNE D HISTOIRE, vol. 25, 2018, pp. 512-534.
Wagner, P.: Between National Socialism and expert internationalism: Karl Strolin and transnationalism in urban planning, 1938-45. EUROPEAN REVIEW OF HISTORY-REVUE EUROPEENNE D HISTOIRE. 25, 512-534 (2018).
Wagner, Phillip. “Between National Socialism and expert internationalism: Karl Strolin and transnationalism in urban planning, 1938-45”. EUROPEAN REVIEW OF HISTORY-REVUE EUROPEENNE D HISTOIRE 25.3-4 (2018): 512-534.

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