Assessing Spirituality as Individualized Experience-Oriented Religion. The Mysticism Scale and Its Short Forms

Streib H, Klein C, Keller B, Hood RW (In Press)
In: Assessing Spirituality and Religion in a Diversified World: Beyond the Mainstream Perspective. Ai AL, Harris KA, Wink P (Eds); New York: Springer.

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In this chapter, we suggest the use of Hood's (1975) Mysticism Scale for a differential assessment of spirituality. This view is based on the conceptual perspective that is based on Streib and Hood's (2011; 2016b) definition of spirituality as individualized experience-orientated religiosity. This perspective is echoed in the results from the Bielefeld-based Study on the Semantics and Psychology of Spirituality (Streib & Hood, 2016a), which explored in comprehensive semantic analyses how participants in the USA and Germany define "spirituality;" these semantic analyses revealed that the "more spiritual than religious" respondents preferably associate spirituality with experiences of all-connectedness, search for a higher self, existential truth and humanistic morality (see Eisenmann, Klein, Swhajor-Biesemann, et al., 2016). Moreover, structure equation modelling based on this and other recent data sets reveal that the Mysticism Scale and its factors have considerable effects on self-rated spirituality (see Klein, Silver, Coleman, Streib, & Hood, 2016). Thus, we recommend the Mysticism Scale as spirituality measure, which avoids the widespread problem of many extant measures that confound the assessment of spirituality with religiosity or even with Christian belief and practice. Thus, the Mysticism Scale may be very useful in research that intends to assess spirituality of a diversity of participants who affiliate with various religious traditions and worldviews, including the non-religious, atheists and non-theists. The chapter finally presents two economic short forms of the Mysticism Scale (16-item; 8-item versions) and their psychometric properties that, as demonstrated on the broad basis of recent data sets, generally correspond with the well-established 32-item version of the Mysticism Scale.
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Assessing Spirituality and Religion in a Diversified World: Beyond the Mainstream Perspective
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Streib H, Klein C, Keller B, Hood RW. Assessing Spirituality as Individualized Experience-Oriented Religion. The Mysticism Scale and Its Short Forms. In: Ai AL, Harris KA, Wink P, eds. Assessing Spirituality and Religion in a Diversified World: Beyond the Mainstream Perspective. New York: Springer; In Press.
Streib, H., Klein, C., Keller, B., & Hood, R. W. (In Press). Assessing Spirituality as Individualized Experience-Oriented Religion. The Mysticism Scale and Its Short Forms. In A. L. Ai, K. A. Harris, & P. Wink (Eds.), Assessing Spirituality and Religion in a Diversified World: Beyond the Mainstream Perspective New York: Springer.
Streib, H., Klein, C., Keller, B., and Hood, R. W. (In Press). “Assessing Spirituality as Individualized Experience-Oriented Religion. The Mysticism Scale and Its Short Forms” in Assessing Spirituality and Religion in a Diversified World: Beyond the Mainstream Perspective, Ai, A. L., Harris, K. A., and Wink, P. eds. (New York: Springer).
Streib, H., et al., In Press. Assessing Spirituality as Individualized Experience-Oriented Religion. The Mysticism Scale and Its Short Forms. In A. L. Ai, K. A. Harris, & P. Wink, eds. Assessing Spirituality and Religion in a Diversified World: Beyond the Mainstream Perspective. New York: Springer.
H. Streib, et al., “Assessing Spirituality as Individualized Experience-Oriented Religion. The Mysticism Scale and Its Short Forms”, Assessing Spirituality and Religion in a Diversified World: Beyond the Mainstream Perspective, A.L. Ai, K.A. Harris, and P. Wink, eds., New York: Springer, In Press.
Streib, H., Klein, C., Keller, B., Hood, R.W.: Assessing Spirituality as Individualized Experience-Oriented Religion. The Mysticism Scale and Its Short Forms. In: Ai, A.L., Harris, K.A., and Wink, P. (eds.) Assessing Spirituality and Religion in a Diversified World: Beyond the Mainstream Perspective. Springer, New York (In Press).
Streib, Heinz, Klein, Constantin, Keller, Barbara, and Hood, Ralph W. “Assessing Spirituality as Individualized Experience-Oriented Religion. The Mysticism Scale and Its Short Forms”. Assessing Spirituality and Religion in a Diversified World: Beyond the Mainstream Perspective. Ed. Amy L. Ai, Kevin A. Harris, and Paul Wink. New York: Springer, In Press.
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