Spending on health and HIV/AIDS: domestic health spending and development assistance in 188 countries, 1995-2015

Dieleman JL, Haakenstad A, Micah A, Moses M, Abbafati C, Acharya P, Adhikari TB, Adou AK, Kiadaliri AA, Alam K, Alizadeh-Navaei R, et al. (2018)
LANCET 391(10132): 1799-1829.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Dieleman, Joseph L.; Haakenstad, Annie; Micah, Angela; Moses, Mark; Abbafati, Cristiana; Acharya, Pawan; Adhikari, Tara Ballav; Adou, Arsene Kouablan; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Alam, Khurshid; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Alkerwi, Ala'a
Alle
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background Comparable estimates of health spending are crucial for the assessment of health systems and to optimally deploy health resources. The methods used to track health spending continue to evolve, but little is known about the distribution of spending across diseases. We developed improved estimates of health spending by source, including development assistance for health, and, for the first time, estimated HIV/AIDS spending on prevention and treatment and by source of funding, for 188 countries. Methods We collected published data on domestic health spending, from 1995 to 2015, from a diverse set of international agencies. We tracked development assistance for health from 1990 to 2017. We also extracted 5385 datapoints about HIV/AIDS spending, between 2000 and 2015, from online databases, country reports, and proposals submitted to multilateral organisations. We used spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression to generate complete and comparable estimates for health and HIV/AIDS spending. We report most estimates in 2017 purchasing-power parity-adjusted dollars and adjust all estimates for the effect of inflation. Findings Between 1995 and 2015, global health spending per capita grew at an annualised rate of 3.1% (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 3.1 to 3.2), with growth being largest in upper-middle-income countries (5.4% per capita [UI 5.3-5.5]) and lower-middle-income countries (4.2% per capita [4.2-4.3]). In 2015, $9.7 trillion (9.7 trillion to 9.8 trillion) was spent on health worldwide. High-income countries spent $6.5 trillion (6.4 trillion to 6.5 trillion) or 66.3% (66.0 to 66.5) of the total in 2015, whereas low-income countries spent $70.3 billion (69.3 billion to 71.3 billion) or 0.7% (0.7 to 0.7). Between 1990 and 2017, development assistance for health increased by 394.7% ($29.9 billion), with an estimated $37.4 billion of development assistance being disbursed for health in 2017, of which $9.1 billion (24.2%) targeted HIV/AIDS. Between 2000 and 2015, $562.6 billion (531.1 billion to 621.9 billion) was spent on HIV/AIDS worldwide. Governments financed 57.6% (52.0 to 60.8) of that total. Global HIV/AIDS spending peaked at 49.7 billion (46.2-54.7) in 2013, decreasing to $48.9 billion (45.2 billion to 54.2 billion) in 2015. That year, low-income and lower-middle-income countries represented 74.6% of all HIV/AIDS disability-adjusted life-years, but just 36.6% (34.4 to 38.7) of total HIV/AIDS spending. In 2015, $9.3 billion (8.5 billion to 10.4 billion) or 19.0% (17.6 to 20.6) of HIV/AIDS financing was spent on prevention, and $27.3 billion (24.5 billion to 31.1 billion) or 55.8% (53.3 to 57.9) was dedicated to care and treatment. Interpretation From 1995 to 2015, total health spending increased worldwide, with the fastest per capita growth in middle-income countries. While these national disparities are relatively well known, low-income countries spent less per person on health and HIV/AIDS than did high-income and middle-income countries. Furthermore, declines in development assistance for health continue, including for HIV/AIDS. Additional cuts to development assistance could hasten this decline, and risk slowing progress towards global and national goals. Copyright (c) 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Erscheinungsjahr
2018
Zeitschriftentitel
LANCET
Band
391
Ausgabe
10132
Seite(n)
1799-1829
ISSN
0140-6736
eISSN
1474-547X
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2920315

Zitieren

Dieleman JL, Haakenstad A, Micah A, et al. Spending on health and HIV/AIDS: domestic health spending and development assistance in 188 countries, 1995-2015. LANCET. 2018;391(10132):1799-1829.
Dieleman, J. L., Haakenstad, A., Micah, A., Moses, M., Abbafati, C., Acharya, P., Adhikari, T. B., et al. (2018). Spending on health and HIV/AIDS: domestic health spending and development assistance in 188 countries, 1995-2015. LANCET, 391(10132), 1799-1829. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30698-6
Dieleman, J. L., Haakenstad, A., Micah, A., Moses, M., Abbafati, C., Acharya, P., Adhikari, T. B., Adou, A. K., Kiadaliri, A. A., Alam, K., et al. (2018). Spending on health and HIV/AIDS: domestic health spending and development assistance in 188 countries, 1995-2015. LANCET 391, 1799-1829.
Dieleman, J.L., et al., 2018. Spending on health and HIV/AIDS: domestic health spending and development assistance in 188 countries, 1995-2015. LANCET, 391(10132), p 1799-1829.
J.L. Dieleman, et al., “Spending on health and HIV/AIDS: domestic health spending and development assistance in 188 countries, 1995-2015”, LANCET, vol. 391, 2018, pp. 1799-1829.
Dieleman, J.L., Haakenstad, A., Micah, A., Moses, M., Abbafati, C., Acharya, P., Adhikari, T.B., Adou, A.K., Kiadaliri, A.A., Alam, K., Alizadeh-Navaei, R., Alkerwi, A.'a, Ammar, W., Antonio, C.A.T., Aremu, O., Asgedom, S.W., Atey, T.M., Avila-Burgos, L., Awasthi, A., Ayer, R., Badali, H., Banach, M., Banstola, A., Barac, A., Belachew, A.B., Birungi, C., Bragazzi, N.L., Breitborde, N.J.K., Cahuana-Hurtado, L., Car, J., Catala-Lopez, F., Chapin, A., Dandona, L., Dandona, R., Daryani, A., Dharmaratne, S.D., Dubey, M., Edessa, D., Eldrenkamp, E., Eshrati, B., Faro, A., Feigl, A.B., Fenny, A.P., Fischer, F., Foigt, N., Foreman, K.J., Fullman, N., Ghimire, M., Goli, S., Hailu, A.D., Hamidi, S., Harb, H.L., Hay, S.I., Hendrie, D., Ikilezi, G., Javanbakht, M., John, D., Jonas, J.B., Kaldjian, A., Kasaeian, A., Kates, J., Khalil, I.A., Khang, Y.-H., Khubchandani, J., Kim, Y.J., Kinge, J.M., Kosen, S., Krohn, K.J., Kumar, G.A., Lam, H., Listl, S., Abd El Razek, H.M., Abd El Razek, M.M., Majeed, A., Malekzadeh, R., Malta, D.C., Mensah, G.A., Meretoja, A., Miller, T.R., Mirrakhimov, E.M., Mlashu, F.W., Mohammed, E., Mohammed, S., Naghavi, M., Nangia, V., Ngalesoni, F.N., Cuong Tat Nguyen, C.T.N., Trang Huyen Nguyen, T.H.N., Niriayo, Y., Noroozi, M., Owolabi, M.O., Pereira, D.M., Qorbani, M., Rafay, A., Rafiei, A., Rahimi-Movaghar, V., Rai, R.K., Ram, U., Ranabhat, C.L., Ray, S.E., Reiner, R.C., Sadat, N., Sajadi, H.S., Santos, J.V., Sarker, A.R., Sartorius, B., Satpathy, M., Savic, M., Schneider, M., Sepanlou, S.G., Shaikh, M.A., Sharif, M., She, J., Sheikh, A., Sisay, M., Soneji, S., Soofi, M., Tadesse, A.H., Tao, T., Templin, T., Tesema, A.G., Thapa, S., Thomson, A.J., Tobe-Gai, R., Topor-Madry, R., Bach Xuan Tran, B.X.T., Khanh Bao Tran, K.B.T., Tung Thanh Tran, T.T.T., Undurraga, E.A., Vasankari, T., Violante, F.S., Wijeratne, T., Xu, G., Yonemoto, N., Younis, M.Z., Yu, C., Zaki, M.E.S., Zhou, L., Zlavog, B., Murray, C.J.L.: Spending on health and HIV/AIDS: domestic health spending and development assistance in 188 countries, 1995-2015. LANCET. 391, 1799-1829 (2018).
Dieleman, Joseph L., Haakenstad, Annie, Micah, Angela, Moses, Mark, Abbafati, Cristiana, Acharya, Pawan, Adhikari, Tara Ballav, Adou, Arsene Kouablan, Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad, Alam, Khurshid, Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza, Alkerwi, Ala'a, Ammar, Walid, Antonio, Carl Abelardo T., Aremu, Olatunde, Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal, Atey, Tesfay Mehari, Avila-Burgos, Leticia, Awasthi, Ashish, Ayer, Rakesh, Badali, Hamid, Banach, Maciej, Banstola, Amrit, Barac, Aleksandra, Belachew, Abate Bekele, Birungi, Charles, Bragazzi, Nicola L., Breitborde, Nicholas J. K., Cahuana-Hurtado, Lucero, Car, Josip, Catala-Lopez, Ferran, Chapin, Abigail, Dandona, Lalit, Dandona, Rakhi, Daryani, Ahmad, Dharmaratne, Samath D., Dubey, Manisha, Edessa, Dumessa, Eldrenkamp, Erika, Eshrati, Babak, Faro, Andre, Feigl, Andrea B., Fenny, Ama P., Fischer, Florian, Foigt, Nataliya, Foreman, Kyle J., Fullman, Nancy, Ghimire, Mamata, Goli, Srinivas, Hailu, Alemayehu Desalegne, Hamidi, Samer, Harb, Hilda L., Hay, Simon I., Hendrie, Delia, Ikilezi, Gloria, Javanbakht, Mehdi, John, Denny, Jonas, Jost B., Kaldjian, Alexander, Kasaeian, Amir, Kates, Jennifer, Khalil, Ibrahim A., Khang, Young-Ho, Khubchandani, Jagdish, Kim, Yun Jin, Kinge, Jonas M., Kosen, Soewarta, Krohn, Kristopher J., Kumar, G. Anil, Lam, Hilton, Listl, Stefan, Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy, Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy, Majeed, Azeem, Malekzadeh, Reza, Malta, Deborah Carvalho, Mensah, George A., Meretoja, Atte, Miller, Ted R., Mirrakhimov, Erkin M., Mlashu, Fitsum Weldegebreal, Mohammed, Ebrahim, Mohammed, Shafiu, Naghavi, Mohsen, Nangia, Vinay, Ngalesoni, Frida Namnyak, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Trang Huyen Nguyen, Trang Huyen Nguyen, Niriayo, Yirga, Noroozi, Mehdi, Owolabi, Mayowa O., Pereira, David M., Qorbani, Mostafa, Rafay, Anwar, Rafiei, Alireza, Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa, Rai, Rajesh Kumar, Ram, Usha, Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal, Ray, Sarah E., Reiner, Robert C., Sadat, Nafis, Sajadi, Haniye Sadat, Santos, Joao Vasco, Sarker, Abdur Razzaque, Sartorius, Benn, Satpathy, Maheswar, Savic, Miloje, Schneider, Matthew, Sepanlou, Sadaf G., Shaikh, Masood Ali, Sharif, Mehdi, She, Jun, Sheikh, Aziz, Sisay, Mekonnen, Soneji, Samir, Soofi, Moslem, Tadesse, Andualem Henok, Tao, Tianchan, Templin, Tara, Tesema, Azeb Gebresilassie, Thapa, Subash, Thomson, Alan J., Tobe-Gai, Ruoyan, Topor-Madry, Roman, Bach Xuan Tran, Bach Xuan Tran, Khanh Bao Tran, Khanh Bao Tran, Tung Thanh Tran, Tung Thanh Tran, Undurraga, Eduardo A., Vasankari, Tommi, Violante, Francesco S., Wijeratne, Tissa, Xu, Gelin, Yonemoto, Naohiro, Younis, Mustafa Z., Yu, Chuanhua, Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed, Zhou, Lei, Zlavog, Bianca, and Murray, Christopher J. L. “Spending on health and HIV/AIDS: domestic health spending and development assistance in 188 countries, 1995-2015”. LANCET 391.10132 (2018): 1799-1829.

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