A Relational Inequality Approach to First- and Second-Generation Immigrant Earnings in German Workplaces

Melzer SM, Tomaskovic-Devey D, Schunck R, Jacobebbinghaus P (2018)
Social Forces 97(1): 91-127.

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Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
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Abstract / Bemerkung
We conceptualize immigrant incorporation as a categorically driven process and contrast the bright distinctions between first-generation immigrants and natives, with more blurry second-generation contrasts. We analyze linked employer-employee data of a sample of 5,097 employees in 97 large German organizations and focus on first- and second-generation immigrants. We explore how generational status in the labor market and workplace contexts expands and contracts native-immigrant wage inequalities. We find a substantial average first-generation immigrant-native wage gap, which is not explained by individual human capital differences or most aspects of organizational context. In contrast, there is, on average, no second-generation wage gap, but there are substantial variations across workplaces. A series of results confirm predictions from relational inequality theory. For both first- and second-generation immigrants, working in a high-inequality workplace is associated with larger wage gaps. Second-generation immigrants perform better in workplaces where they have intersectional advantages over natives, and for first-generation immigrants collective bargaining protection narrows wage gaps with natives. Consistent with ethnic competition theory, in workplaces with very high shares of immigrant workers, the first-generation–native wage gap is larger. In contrast, increased contact between native Germans and second-generation immigrant coworkers reduces earnings gaps, but only up to a tipping point, after which competition processes reappear and earning gaps widen.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Social Forces
Band
97
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
91-127
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Melzer SM, Tomaskovic-Devey D, Schunck R, Jacobebbinghaus P. A Relational Inequality Approach to First- and Second-Generation Immigrant Earnings in German Workplaces. Social Forces. 2018;97(1):91-127.
Melzer, S. M., Tomaskovic-Devey, D., Schunck, R., & Jacobebbinghaus, P. (2018). A Relational Inequality Approach to First- and Second-Generation Immigrant Earnings in German Workplaces. Social Forces, 97(1), 91-127. doi:10.1093/sf/soy021
Melzer, S. M., Tomaskovic-Devey, D., Schunck, R., and Jacobebbinghaus, P. (2018). A Relational Inequality Approach to First- and Second-Generation Immigrant Earnings in German Workplaces. Social Forces 97, 91-127.
Melzer, S.M., et al., 2018. A Relational Inequality Approach to First- and Second-Generation Immigrant Earnings in German Workplaces. Social Forces, 97(1), p 91-127.
S.M. Melzer, et al., “A Relational Inequality Approach to First- and Second-Generation Immigrant Earnings in German Workplaces”, Social Forces, vol. 97, 2018, pp. 91-127.
Melzer, S.M., Tomaskovic-Devey, D., Schunck, R., Jacobebbinghaus, P.: A Relational Inequality Approach to First- and Second-Generation Immigrant Earnings in German Workplaces. Social Forces. 97, 91-127 (2018).
Melzer, Silvia Maja, Tomaskovic-Devey, Donald, Schunck, Reinhard, and Jacobebbinghaus, Peter. “A Relational Inequality Approach to First- and Second-Generation Immigrant Earnings in German Workplaces”. Social Forces 97.1 (2018): 91-127.