Stimulating academic patenting in a university ecosystem: An agent-based simulation approach

Backs S, Günther M, Stummer C (2019)
Journal of Technology Transfer 44(2): 434-461.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Technology transfer to society isin addition to research and teachingwidely acknowledged as a third mission of modern universities. Academic entrepreneurship and academic patenting are two closely related means to do so and, more often than not, patenting activity and entrepreneurship are part of a linear sequence in the commercialization process. This paper is mainly concerned with the first step. To further academic patenting, university administrations have installed or expanded existing technology transfer offices (TTOs) as active stakeholders in the university ecosystem. These offices must find the right measures (e.g., monetary or non-monetary incentives or providing information at internal events) and offer them to the right group of scientists (e.g., departments) at the right point in time. This is challenging because scientists' decision whether to publish or patent depends on several factors, including individual preferences, perceived normative social pressure from peers, level of information received through word-of-mouth communication or informational events, and previous first-hand experience. An agent-based simulation approach may serve as a decision aid for this purpose. Such an approach models stakeholders as agents' who interact with each other, and through these interactions, the system's behavior evolves and can be observed. In this paper, we introduce an agent-based simulation for evaluating measures that can be employed by a TTO in order to stimulate academic patenting and, subsequently, the foundation of spin-off companies relying on such patents. The applicability of the approach is illustrated through an example.
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Technology Transfer
Band
44
Ausgabe
2
Seite(n)
434-461
ISSN
0892-9912
eISSN
1573-7047
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2919993

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Backs S, Günther M, Stummer C. Stimulating academic patenting in a university ecosystem: An agent-based simulation approach. Journal of Technology Transfer. 2019;44(2):434-461.
Backs, S., Günther, M., & Stummer, C. (2019). Stimulating academic patenting in a university ecosystem: An agent-based simulation approach. Journal of Technology Transfer, 44(2), 434-461. doi:10.1007/s10961-018-9697-x
Backs, S., Günther, M., and Stummer, C. (2019). Stimulating academic patenting in a university ecosystem: An agent-based simulation approach. Journal of Technology Transfer 44, 434-461.
Backs, S., Günther, M., & Stummer, C., 2019. Stimulating academic patenting in a university ecosystem: An agent-based simulation approach. Journal of Technology Transfer, 44(2), p 434-461.
S. Backs, M. Günther, and C. Stummer, “Stimulating academic patenting in a university ecosystem: An agent-based simulation approach”, Journal of Technology Transfer, vol. 44, 2019, pp. 434-461.
Backs, S., Günther, M., Stummer, C.: Stimulating academic patenting in a university ecosystem: An agent-based simulation approach. Journal of Technology Transfer. 44, 434-461 (2019).
Backs, Sabrina, Günther, Markus, and Stummer, Christian. “Stimulating academic patenting in a university ecosystem: An agent-based simulation approach”. Journal of Technology Transfer 44.2 (2019): 434-461.