Gender Differences in Coping Strategies in Children and Adolescents

Eschenbeck H, Kohlmann C-W, Lohaus A (2007)
Journal of Individual Differences 28(1): 18-26.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Eschenbeck, Heike; Kohlmann, Carl-Walter; Lohaus, ArnoldUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
The present study focuses on gender effects and interactions between gender, type of stressful situation, and age-group in coping strategies in childhood and adolescence. The sample consisted of N = 1990 children and adolescents (957 boys, 1033 girls; grade levels 3-8). Participants responded to a coping questionnaire (Fragebogen zur Erhebung von Stress und Stressbewältigung im Kindes- und Jugendalter, SSKJ 3-8; Lohaus, Eschenbeck, Kohlmann, & Klein-Heßling, 2006) with the five subscales: seeking social support, problem solving, avoidant coping, palliative emotion regulation, and anger-related emotion regulation. Repeated measures ANOVAs with Gender and Grade Level as the between-subject factors and Situation (social, academic) as the within-subject factor were performed separately for each of the subscales. In general, girls scored higher in seeking social support and problem solving, whereas boys scored higher in avoidant coping. These three main effects were further modified by significant Gender × Situation interactions and for both seeking social support and avoidant coping by significant Gender × Situation × Grade Level interactions. Compared to the academic situation (homework), gender differences were more pronounced for the social situation (argument with a friend), especially in adolescence. The results are discussed with respect to a gender-specific development of coping strategies.
Erscheinungsjahr
2007
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Individual Differences
Band
28
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
18-26
ISSN
1614-0001, 2151-2299
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2919982

Zitieren

Eschenbeck H, Kohlmann C-W, Lohaus A. Gender Differences in Coping Strategies in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Individual Differences. 2007;28(1):18-26.
Eschenbeck, H., Kohlmann, C. - W., & Lohaus, A. (2007). Gender Differences in Coping Strategies in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Individual Differences, 28(1), 18-26. doi:10.1027/1614-0001.28.1.18
Eschenbeck, H., Kohlmann, C. - W., and Lohaus, A. (2007). Gender Differences in Coping Strategies in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Individual Differences 28, 18-26.
Eschenbeck, H., Kohlmann, C.-W., & Lohaus, A., 2007. Gender Differences in Coping Strategies in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Individual Differences, 28(1), p 18-26.
H. Eschenbeck, C.-W. Kohlmann, and A. Lohaus, “Gender Differences in Coping Strategies in Children and Adolescents”, Journal of Individual Differences, vol. 28, 2007, pp. 18-26.
Eschenbeck, H., Kohlmann, C.-W., Lohaus, A.: Gender Differences in Coping Strategies in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Individual Differences. 28, 18-26 (2007).
Eschenbeck, Heike, Kohlmann, Carl-Walter, and Lohaus, Arnold. “Gender Differences in Coping Strategies in Children and Adolescents”. Journal of Individual Differences 28.1 (2007): 18-26.

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