The extent of wind-mediated dispersal of small metazoans, focusing nematodes

Ptatscheck C, Gansfort B, Traunspurger W (2018)
Scientific Reports 8: 6814.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht| Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Wind-mediated transport is an important mechanism in the dispersal of small metazoans. Yet, concrete dispersal rates have hardly been examined. Here we present the results of an one-year field experiment investigating the composition and dispersal rates of aeroplankton. To gain insights into the dynamics of dispersal at the species level, we focused on nematodes, worldwide the most common metazoan taxon. Among the six taxa collected in this study (nematodes, rotifers, collembolans, tardigrades, mites, and thrips), nematodes had the highest dispersal rates (up to >3000 individuals m−2 in 4 weeks, 27 species identified) and represented >44% of aeroplankton. Only living nematodes, and no propagules, were dispersed. All taxa had a higher dispersal potential in environments linked to the source habitat, evidenced by the much higher deposition of organisms in funnels placed on the ground than on the rooftop of a ten-story building. Nematodes under conditions of high humidity and wind speed had the highest dispersal rates, while increasing temperatures and dryness had a significantly positive impact on the wind drift of mites and thrips. The results indicated that wind dispersal over long distances is possible. The notable organismal input by wind dispersal may contribute to biodiversity and ecosystem functions.
Erscheinungsjahr
2018
Zeitschriftentitel
Scientific Reports
Band
8
Art.-Nr.
6814
ISSN
2045-2322
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2919597

Zitieren

Ptatscheck C, Gansfort B, Traunspurger W. The extent of wind-mediated dispersal of small metazoans, focusing nematodes. Scientific Reports. 2018;8: 6814.
Ptatscheck, C., Gansfort, B., & Traunspurger, W. (2018). The extent of wind-mediated dispersal of small metazoans, focusing nematodes. Scientific Reports, 8, 6814. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24747-8
Ptatscheck, C., Gansfort, B., and Traunspurger, W. (2018). The extent of wind-mediated dispersal of small metazoans, focusing nematodes. Scientific Reports 8:6814.
Ptatscheck, C., Gansfort, B., & Traunspurger, W., 2018. The extent of wind-mediated dispersal of small metazoans, focusing nematodes. Scientific Reports, 8: 6814.
C. Ptatscheck, B. Gansfort, and W. Traunspurger, “The extent of wind-mediated dispersal of small metazoans, focusing nematodes”, Scientific Reports, vol. 8, 2018, : 6814.
Ptatscheck, C., Gansfort, B., Traunspurger, W.: The extent of wind-mediated dispersal of small metazoans, focusing nematodes. Scientific Reports. 8, : 6814 (2018).
Ptatscheck, Christoph, Gansfort, Birgit, and Traunspurger, Walter. “The extent of wind-mediated dispersal of small metazoans, focusing nematodes”. Scientific Reports 8 (2018): 6814.
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2019-09-06T09:18:59Z
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