In your face: the biased judgement of fear-anger expressions in violent offenders

Wegrzyn M, Westphal S, Kißler J (2017)
BMC Psychology 5(16): 16.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Background Why is it that certain violent criminals repeatedly find themselves engaged in brawls? Many inmates report having felt provoked or threatened by their victims, which might be due to a tendency to ascribe malicious intentions when faced with ambiguous social signals, termed hostile attribution bias. Methods The present study presented morphed fear-anger faces to prison inmates with a history of violent crimes, a history of child sexual abuse, and to matched controls form the general population. Participants performed a fear-anger decision task. Analyses compared both response frequencies and measures derived from psychophysical functions fitted to the data. In addition, a test to distinguish basic facial expressions and questionnaires for aggression, psychopathy and personality disorders were administered. Results Violent offenders present with a reliable hostile attribution bias, in that they rate ambiguous fear-anger expressions as more angry, compared to both the control population and perpetrators of child sexual abuse. Psychometric functions show a lowered threshold to detect anger in violent offenders compared to the general population. This effect is especially pronounced for male faces, correlates with self-reported aggression and presents in absence of a general emotion recognition impairment. Conclusions The results indicate that a hostile attribution, related to individual level of aggression and pronounced for male faces, might be one mechanism mediating physical violence.
Stichworte
Emotion Face recognition Psychopathology Aggression Psychophysics
Erscheinungsjahr
2017
Zeitschriftentitel
BMC Psychology
Band
5
Ausgabe
16
Art.-Nr.
16
eISSN
2050-7283
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2912764

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Wegrzyn M, Westphal S, Kißler J. In your face: the biased judgement of fear-anger expressions in violent offenders. BMC Psychology. 2017;5(16): 16.
Wegrzyn, M., Westphal, S., & Kißler, J. (2017). In your face: the biased judgement of fear-anger expressions in violent offenders. BMC Psychology, 5(16), 16. doi:10.1186/s40359-017-0186-z
Wegrzyn, M., Westphal, S., and Kißler, J. (2017). In your face: the biased judgement of fear-anger expressions in violent offenders. BMC Psychology 5:16.
Wegrzyn, M., Westphal, S., & Kißler, J., 2017. In your face: the biased judgement of fear-anger expressions in violent offenders. BMC Psychology, 5(16): 16.
M. Wegrzyn, S. Westphal, and J. Kißler, “In your face: the biased judgement of fear-anger expressions in violent offenders”, BMC Psychology, vol. 5, 2017, : 16.
Wegrzyn, M., Westphal, S., Kißler, J.: In your face: the biased judgement of fear-anger expressions in violent offenders. BMC Psychology. 5, : 16 (2017).
Wegrzyn, Martin, Westphal, Sina, and Kißler, Johanna. “In your face: the biased judgement of fear-anger expressions in violent offenders”. BMC Psychology 5.16 (2017): 16.
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2019-09-06T09:18:50Z
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