Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

Reitsma MB, Fullman N, Ng M, Salama JS, Abajobir A, Abate KH, Abbafati C, Abera SF, Abraham B, Abyu GY, Adebiyi AO, et al. (2017)
LANCET 389(10082): 1885-1906.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
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Reitsma, Marissa B.; Fullman, Nancy; Ng, Marie; Salama, Joseph S.; Abajobir, Amanuel; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Abraham, Biju; Abyu, Gebre Yitayih; Adebiyi, Akindele Olupelumi; Al-Aly, Ziyad
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background The scale-up of tobacco control, especially after the adoption of the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control, is a major public health success story. Nonetheless, smoking remains a leading risk for early death and disability worldwide, and therefore continues to require sustained political commitment. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) offers a robust platform through which global, regional, and national progress toward achieving smoking-related targets can be assessed. Methods We synthesised 2818 data sources with spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression and produced estimates of daily smoking prevalence by sex, age group, and year for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. We analysed 38 risk-outcome pairs to generate estimates of smoking-attributable mortality and disease burden, as measured by disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). We then performed a cohort analysis of smoking prevalence by birth-year cohort to better understand temporal age patterns in smoking. We also did a decomposition analysis, in which we parsed out changes in all-cause smoking-attributable DALYs due to changes in population growth, population ageing, smoking prevalence, and risk-deleted DALY rates. Finally, we explored results by level of development using the Socio-demographic Index (SDI). Findings Worldwide, the age-standardised prevalence of daily smoking was 25.0% (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 24.2-25.7) for men and 5.4% (5.1-5.7) for women, representing 28.4% (25.8-31.1) and 34.4% (29.4-38.6) reductions, respectively, since 1990. A greater percentage of countries and territories achieved significant annualised rates of decline in smoking prevalence from 1990 to 2005 than in between 2005 and 2015; however, only four countries had significant annualised increases in smoking prevalence between 2005 and 2015 (Congo [Brazzaville] and Azerbaijan for men and Kuwait and Timor-Leste for women). In 2015, 11.5% of global deaths (6.4 million [95% UI 5.7-7.0 million]) were attributable to smoking worldwide, of which 52.2% took place in four countries (China, India, the USA, and Russia). Smoking was ranked among the five leading risk factors by DALYs in 109 countries and territories in 2015, rising from 88 geographies in 1990. In terms of birth cohorts, male smoking prevalence followed similar age patterns across levels of SDI, whereas much more heterogeneity was found in age patterns for female smokers by level of development. While smoking prevalence and risk-deleted DALY rates mostly decreased by sex and SDI quintile, population growth, population ageing, or a combination of both, drove rises in overall smoking-attributable DALYs in low-SDI to middle-SDI geographies between 2005 and 2015. Interpretation The pace of progress in reducing smoking prevalence has been heterogeneous across geographies, development status, and sex, and as highlighted by more recent trends, maintaining past rates of decline should not be taken for granted, especially in women and in low-SDI to middle-SDI countries. Beyond the effect of the tobacco industry and societal mores, a crucial challenge facing tobacco control initiatives is that demographic forces are poised to heighten smoking's global toll, unless progress in preventing initiation and promoting cessation can be substantially accelerated. Greater success in tobacco control is possible but requires effective, comprehensive, and adequately implemented and enforced policies, which might in turn require global and national levels of political commitment beyond what has been achieved during the past 25 years.
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Reitsma MB, Fullman N, Ng M, et al. Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. LANCET. 2017;389(10082):1885-1906.
Reitsma, M. B., Fullman, N., Ng, M., Salama, J. S., Abajobir, A., Abate, K. H., Abbafati, C., et al. (2017). Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. LANCET, 389(10082), 1885-1906. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30819-X
Reitsma, Marissa B., Fullman, Nancy, Ng, Marie, Salama, Joseph S., Abajobir, Amanuel, Abate, Kalkidan Hassen, Abbafati, Cristiana, et al. 2017. “Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015”. LANCET 389 (10082): 1885-1906.
Reitsma, M. B., Fullman, N., Ng, M., Salama, J. S., Abajobir, A., Abate, K. H., Abbafati, C., Abera, S. F., Abraham, B., Abyu, G. Y., et al. (2017). Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. LANCET 389, 1885-1906.
Reitsma, M.B., et al., 2017. Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. LANCET, 389(10082), p 1885-1906.
M.B. Reitsma, et al., “Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015”, LANCET, vol. 389, 2017, pp. 1885-1906.
Reitsma, M.B., Fullman, N., Ng, M., Salama, J.S., Abajobir, A., Abate, K.H., Abbafati, C., Abera, S.F., Abraham, B., Abyu, G.Y., Adebiyi, A.O., Al-Aly, Z., Aleman, A.V., Ali, R., Al Alkerwi, A.'a, Allebeck, P., Al-Raddadi, R.M., Amare, A.T., Amberbir, A., Ammar, W., Amrock, S.M., Antonio, C.A.T., Asayesh, H., Atnafu, N.T., Azzopardi, P., Banerjee, A., Barac, A., Barrientos-Gutierrez, T., Basto-Abreu, A.C., Bazargan-Hejazi, S., Bedi, N., Bell, B., Bello, A.K., Bensenor, I.M., Beyene, A.S., Bhala, N., Biryukov, S., Bolt, K., Brenner, H., Butt, Z., Cavalleri, F., Cercy, K., Chen, H., Christopher, D.J., Ciobanu, L.G., Colistro, V., Colomar, M., Cornaby, L., Dai, X., Damtew, S.A., Dandona, L., Dandona, R., Dansereau, E., Davletov, K., Dayama, A., Degfie, T.T., Deribew, A., Dharmaratne, S.D., Dimtsu, B.D., Doyle, K.E., Endries, A.Y., Ermakov, S.P., Estep, K., Faraon, E.J.A., Farzadfar, F., Feigin, V.L., Feigl, A.B., Fischer, F., Friedman, J., Ghiwot, T.T., Gall, S.L., Gao, W., Gillum, R.F., Gold, A.L., Gopalani, S.V., Gotay, C.C., Gupta, R., Gupta, R., Gupta, V., Hamadeh, R.R., Hankey, G., Harb, H.L., Hay, S.I., Horino, M., Horita, N., Hosgood, H.D., Husseini, A., Ileanu, B.V., Islami, F., Jiang, G., Jiang, Y., Jonas, J.B., Kabir, Z., Kamal, R., Kasaeian, A., Kesavachandran, C.N., Khader, Y.S., Khalil, I., Khang, Y.-H., Khera, S., Khubchandani, J., Kim, D., Kim, Y.J., Kimokoti, R.W., Kinfu, Y., Knibbs, L.D., Kokubo, Y., Kolte, D., Kopec, J., Kosen, S., Kotsakis, G.A., Koul, P.A., Koyanagi, A., Krohn, K.J., Krueger, H., Defo, B.K., Bicer, B.K., Kulkarni, C., Kumar, G.A., Leasher, J.L., Lee, A., Leinsalu, M., Li, T., Linn, S., Liu, P., Liu, S., Lo, L.-T., Lopez, A.D., Ma, S., Abd El Razek, H.M., Majeed, A., Malekzadeh, R., Malta, D.C., Manamo, W.A., Martinez-Raga, J., Mekonnen, A.B., Mendoza, W., Miller, T.R., Mohammad, K.A., Morawska, L., Musa, K.I., Nagel, G., Neupane, S.P., Quyen Nguyen, Q.N., Nguyen, G., Oh, I.-H., Oyekale, A.S., Mahesh, P.A., Pana, A., Park, E.-K., Patil, S.T., Patton, G.C., Pedro, J., Qorbani, M., Rafay, A., Rahman, M., Rai, R.K., Ram, U., Ranabhat, C.L., Refaat, A.H., Reinig, N., Roba, H.S., Rodriguez, A., Roman, Y., Roth, G., Roy, A., Sagar, R., Salomon, J., Sanabria, J., Santos, I. de S., Sartorius, B., Satpathy, M., Sawhney, M., Sawyer, S., Saylan, M., Schaub, M.P., Schluger, N., Schutte, A.E., Sepanlou, S.G., Serdar, B., Shaikh, M.A., She, J., Shin, M.-J., Shiri, R., Shishani, K., Shiue, I., Sigfusdottir, I.D., Silverberg, J.I., Singh, J., Singh, V., Slepak, E.L., Soneji, S., Soriano, J.B., Soshnikov, S., Sreeramareddy, C.T., Stein, D.J., Stranges, S., Subart, M.L., Swaminathan, S., Szoeke, C.E.I., Tefera, W.M., Topor-Madry, R., Tran, B., Tsilimparis, N., Tymeson, H., Ukwaja, K.N., Updike, R., Uthman, O.A., Violante, F.S., Vladimirov, S.K., Vlassov, V., Vollset, S.E., Vos, T., Weiderpass, E., Wen, C.-P., Werdecker, A., Wilson, S., Wubshet, M., Xiao, L., Yakob, B., Yano, Y., Ye, P., Yonemoto, N., Yoon, S.-J., Younis, M.Z., Yu, C., Zaidi, Z., Zaki, M.E.S., Zhang, A.L., Zipkin, B., Murray, C.J.L., Forouzanfar, M.H., Gakidou, E.: Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. LANCET. 389, 1885-1906 (2017).
Reitsma, Marissa B., Fullman, Nancy, Ng, Marie, Salama, Joseph S., Abajobir, Amanuel, Abate, Kalkidan Hassen, Abbafati, Cristiana, Abera, Semaw Ferede, Abraham, Biju, Abyu, Gebre Yitayih, Adebiyi, Akindele Olupelumi, Al-Aly, Ziyad, Aleman, Alicia V., Ali, Raghib, Al Alkerwi, Ala'a, Allebeck, Peter, Al-Raddadi, Rajaa Mohammad, Amare, Azmeraw T., Amberbir, Alemayehu, Ammar, Walid, Amrock, Stephen Marc, Antonio, Carl Abelardo T., Asayesh, Hamid, Atnafu, Niguse Tadela, Azzopardi, Peter, Banerjee, Amitava, Barac, Aleksandra, Barrientos-Gutierrez, Tonatiuh, Basto-Abreu, Ana Cristina, Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad, Bedi, Neeraj, Bell, Brent, Bello, Aminu K., Bensenor, Isabela M., Beyene, Addisu Shunu, Bhala, Neeraj, Biryukov, Stan, Bolt, Kaylin, Brenner, Hermann, Butt, Zahid, Cavalleri, Fiorella, Cercy, Kelly, Chen, Honglei, Christopher, Devasahayam Jesudas, Ciobanu, Liliana G., Colistro, Valentina, Colomar, Mercedes, Cornaby, Leslie, Dai, Xiaochen, Damtew, Solomon Abrha, Dandona, Lalit, Dandona, Rakhi, Dansereau, Emily, Davletov, Kairat, Dayama, Anand, Degfie, Tizta Tilahun, Deribew, Amare, Dharmaratne, Samath D., Dimtsu, Balem Demtsu, Doyle, Kerrie E., Endries, Aman Yesuf, Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich, Estep, Kara, Faraon, Emerito Jose Aquino, Farzadfar, Farshad, Feigin, Valery L., Feigl, Andrea B., Fischer, Florian, Friedman, Joseph, Ghiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde, Gall, Seana L., Gao, Wayne, Gillum, Richard F., Gold, Audra L., Gopalani, Sameer Vali, Gotay, Carolyn C., Gupta, Rahul, Gupta, Rajeev, Gupta, Vipin, Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi, Hankey, Graeme, Harb, Hilda L., Hay, Simon I., Horino, Masako, Horita, Nobuyuki, Hosgood, H. Dean, Husseini, Abdullatif, Ileanu, Bogdan Vasile, Islami, Farhad, Jiang, Guohong, Jiang, Ying, Jonas, Jost B., Kabir, Zubair, Kamal, Ritul, Kasaeian, Amir, Kesavachandran, Chandrasekharan Nair, Khader, Yousef S., Khalil, Ibrahim, Khang, Young-Ho, Khera, Sahil, Khubchandani, Jagdish, Kim, Daniel, Kim, Yun Jin, Kimokoti, Ruth W., Kinfu, Yohannes, Knibbs, Luke D., Kokubo, Yoshihiro, Kolte, Dhaval, Kopec, Jacek, Kosen, Soewarta, Kotsakis, Georgios A., Koul, Parvaiz A., Koyanagi, Ai, Krohn, Kristopher J., Krueger, Hans, Defo, Barthelemy Kuate, Bicer, Burcu Kucuk, Kulkarni, Chanda, Kumar, G. Anil, Leasher, Janet L., Lee, Alexander, Leinsalu, Mall, Li, Tong, Linn, Shai, Liu, Patrick, Liu, Shiwei, Lo, Loon-Tzian, Lopez, Alan D., Ma, Stefan, Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy, Majeed, Azeem, Malekzadeh, Reza, Malta, Deborah Carvalho, Manamo, Wondimu Ayele, Martinez-Raga, Jose, Mekonnen, Alemayehu Berhane, Mendoza, Walter, Miller, Ted R., Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin, Morawska, Lidia, Musa, Kamarul Imran, Nagel, Gabriele, Neupane, Sudan Prasad, Quyen Nguyen, Quyen Nguyen, Nguyen, Grant, Oh, In-Hwan, Oyekale, Abayomi Samuel, Mahesh, P. A., Pana, Adrian, Park, Eun-Kee, Patil, Snehal T., Patton, George C., Pedro, Joao, Qorbani, Mostafa, Rafay, Anwar, Rahman, Mahfuzar, Rai, Rajesh Kumar, Ram, Usha, Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal, Refaat, Amany H., Reinig, Nickolas, Roba, Hirbo Shore, Rodriguez, Alina, Roman, Yesenia, Roth, Gregory, Roy, Ambuj, Sagar, Rajesh, Salomon, Joshua, Sanabria, Juan, Santos, Itamar de Souza, Sartorius, Benn, Satpathy, Maheswar, Sawhney, Monika, Sawyer, Susan, Saylan, Mete, Schaub, Michael P., Schluger, Neil, Schutte, Aletta Elisabeth, Sepanlou, Sadaf G., Serdar, Berrin, Shaikh, Masood Ali, She, Jun, Shin, Min-Jeong, Shiri, Rahman, Shishani, Kawkab, Shiue, Ivy, Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora, Silverberg, Jonathan I., Singh, Jasvinder, Singh, Virendra, Slepak, Erica Leigh, Soneji, Samir, Soriano, Joan B., Soshnikov, Sergey, Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T., Stein, Dan J., Stranges, Saverio, Subart, Michelle L., Swaminathan, Soumya, Szoeke, Cassandra E. I., Tefera, Worku Mekonnen, Topor-Madry, Roman, Tran, Bach, Tsilimparis, Nikolaos, Tymeson, Hayley, Ukwaja, Kingsley Nnanna, Updike, Rachel, Uthman, Olalekan A., Violante, Francesco Saverio, Vladimirov, Sergey K., Vlassov, Vasiliy, Vollset, Stein Emil, Vos, Theo, Weiderpass, Elisabete, Wen, Chi-Pan, Werdecker, Andrea, Wilson, Shelley, Wubshet, Mamo, Xiao, Lin, Yakob, Bereket, Yano, Yuichiro, Ye, Penpeng, Yonemoto, Naohiro, Yoon, Seok-Jun, Younis, Mustafa Z., Yu, Chuanhua, Zaidi, Zoubida, Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed, Zhang, Anthony Lin, Zipkin, Ben, Murray, Christopher J. L., Forouzanfar, Mohammad H., and Gakidou, Emmanuela. “Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015”. LANCET 389.10082 (2017): 1885-1906.

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German Public Support for Tobacco Control Policy Measures: Results from the German Study on Tobacco Use (DEBRA), a Representative National Survey.
Boeckmann M, Kotz D, Shahab L, Brown J, Kastaun S., Int J Environ Res Public Health 15(4), 2018
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Balancing science and political economy: Tobacco control and global health
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Smoking-Attributable Direct Healthcare Expenditure in Lithuania: A Prevalence-Based Annual Cost Approach.
Liutkutė V, Štelemėkas M, Veryga A., Medicina (Kaunas) 54(2), 2018
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Fiscal Impact of Smoking Cessation in Thailand: A Government Perspective Cost-Benefit Analysis.
Connolly MP, Kotsopoulos N, Suthipinijtham P, Rungruanghiranya S., Asia Pac J Public Health 30(4), 2018
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Quantitative association between body mass index and the risk of cancer: A global Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
Fang X, Wei J, He X, Lian J, Han D, An P, Zhou T, Liu S, Wang F, Min J., Int J Cancer (), 2018
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Levels of selected analytes in the emissions of "heat not burn" tobacco products that are relevant to assess human health risks.
Mallock N, Böss L, Burk R, Danziger M, Welsch T, Hahn H, Trieu HL, Hahn J, Pieper E, Henkler-Stephani F, Hutzler C, Luch A., Arch Toxicol 92(6), 2018
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Incidence and prevalence of rosacea: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Gether L, Overgaard LK, Egeberg A, Thyssen JP., Br J Dermatol 179(2), 2018
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Basic Science and Public Policy: Informed Regulation for Nicotine and Tobacco Products.
Fowler CD, Gipson CD, Kleykamp BA, Rupprecht LE, Harrell PT, Rees VW, Gould TJ, Oliver J, Bagdas D, Damaj MI, Schmidt HD, Duncan A, De Biasi M, Basic Science Network (BSN) of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT)., Nicotine Tob Res 20(7), 2018
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At the Root: Defining and Halting Progression of Early Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Martinez FJ, Han MK, Allinson JP, Barr RG, Boucher RC, Calverley PMA, Celli BR, Christenson SA, Crystal RG, Fagerås M, Freeman CM, Groenke L, Hoffman EA, Kesimer M, Kostikas K, Paine R, Rafii S, Rennard SI, Segal LN, Shaykhiev R, Stevenson C, Tal-Singer R, Vestbo J, Woodruff PG, Curtis JL, Wedzicha JA., Am J Respir Crit Care Med 197(12), 2018
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Substance Use During Imprisonment in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.
Mundt AP, Baranyi G, Gabrysch C, Fazel S., Epidemiol Rev 40(1), 2018
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Smoking in Correctional Settings Worldwide: Prevalence, Bans, and Interventions.
Spaulding AC, Eldridge GD, Chico CE, Morisseau N, Drobeniuc A, Fils-Aime R, Day C, Hopkins R, Jin X, Chen J, Dolan KA., Epidemiol Rev 40(1), 2018
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Global statistics on alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use: 2017 status report.
Peacock A, Leung J, Larney S, Colledge S, Hickman M, Rehm J, Giovino GA, West R, West R, Hall W, Griffiths P, Ali R, Gowing L, Marsden J, Ferrari AJ, Grebely J, Farrell M, Degenhardt L., Addiction 113(10), 2018
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Smoking cessation after engagement in HIV care in rural Uganda.
Mitton JA, North CM, Muyanja D, Okello S, Vořechovská D, Kakuhikire B, Tsai AC, Siedner MJ., AIDS Care 30(12), 2018
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Cigarette smoke extract acts directly on CD4 T cells to enhance Th1 polarization and reduce memory potential.
Tejero JD, Armand NC, Finn CM, Dhume K, Strutt TM, Chai KX, Chen LM, McKinstry KK., Cell Immunol 331(), 2018
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Testing competing explanations for graphic warning label effects among adult smokers and non-smoking youth.
Skurka C, Byrne S, Davydova J, Kemp D, Safi AG, Avery RJ, Dorf MC, Mathios AD, Niederdeppe J., Soc Sci Med 211(), 2018
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A 10-year observational study on the trends and determinants of smoking status.
Samim D, Méan M, Clair C, Marques-Vidal P., PLoS One 13(7), 2018
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Association of current and former smoking with body mass index: A study of smoking discordant twin pairs from 21 twin cohorts.
Piirtola M, Jelenkovic A, Latvala A, Sund R, Honda C, Inui F, Watanabe M, Tomizawa R, Iwatani Y, Ordoñana JR, Sánchez-Romera JF, Colodro-Conde L, Tarnoki AD, Tarnoki DL, Martin NG, Montgomery GW, Medland SE, Rasmussen F, Tynelius P, Tan Q, Zhang D, Pang Z, Rebato E, Stazi MA, Fagnani C, Brescianini S, Busjahn A, Harris JR, Brandt I, Nilsen TS, Cutler TL, Hopper JL, Corley RP, Huibregtse BM, Sung J, Kim J, Lee J, Lee S, Gatz M, Butler DA, Franz CE, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ, Magnusson PKE, Pedersen NL, Dahl Aslan AK, Öncel SY, Aliev F, Derom CA, Vlietinck RF, Loos RJF, Silberg JL, Maes HH, Boomsma DI, Sørensen TIA, Korhonen T, Kaprio J, Silventoinen K., PLoS One 13(7), 2018
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Toward the World Code Against Cancer.
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Evidence of a Causal Relationship Between Smoking Tobacco and Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders.
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Oral Cancer Screening among Smokers and Nonsmokers.
Alkhubaizi Q, Khalaf ME, Dashti H, Sharma PN., J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 8(6), 2018
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Adverse effect of the financial crisis in Greece on perinatal factors.
Zografaki I, Papamichail D, Panagiotopoulos T., Eur J Public Health 28(6), 2018
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Knowledge of health professional students on waterpipe tobacco smoking: curricula implications.
Hamadeh RR, Ahmed J, Jassim GA, Alqallaf SM, Al-Roomi K., BMC Med Educ 18(1), 2018
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Prenatal Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Early Development of Children in Rural Guizhou Province, China.
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Correlated Factors with Quitting Attempts Among Male Smokers in Vietnam: A QUITLINE-Based Survey.
Ngo CQ, Chiu RG, Chu HT, Vu GV, Nguyen QN, Nguyen LH, Tran TT, Nguyen CT, Tran BX, Latkin CA, Ho CSH, Ho RCM., Int J Environ Res Public Health 16(1), 2018
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Secondary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: International Insights From the TECOS Trial (Trial Evaluating Cardiovascular Outcomes With Sitagliptin).
Pagidipati NJ, Navar AM, Pieper KS, Green JB, Bethel MA, Armstrong PW, Josse RG, McGuire DK, Lokhnygina Y, Cornel JH, Halvorsen S, Strandberg TE, Delibasi T, Holman RR, Peterson ED, TECOS Study Group., Circulation 136(13), 2017
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Smokers report lower intake of key nutrients than nonsmokers, yet both fall short of meeting recommended intakes.
Raatz SK, Jahns L, Johnson LK, Scheett A, Carriquiry A, Lemieux A, Nakajima M, al'Absi M., Nutr Res 45(), 2017
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Socioeconomic Disparities in Smoking Behavior and Early Smoking Initiation Among Men in Malawi.
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Zhu H, Xu H, Chen R, Liu S, Xia Y, Fu Y, Li X, Qian Y, Zou J, Yi H, Guan J., Sci Rep 7(1), 2017
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Faber T, Kumar A, Mackenbach JP, Millett C, Basu S, Sheikh A, Been JV., Lancet Public Health 2(9), 2017
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Defining Optimal Brain Health in Adults: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.
Gorelick PB, Furie KL, Iadecola C, Smith EE, Waddy SP, Lloyd-Jones DM, Bae HJ, Bauman MA, Dichgans M, Duncan PW, Girgus M, Howard VJ, Lazar RM, Seshadri S, Testai FD, van Gaal S, Yaffe K, Wasiak H, Zerna C, American Heart Association/American Stroke Association., Stroke 48(10), 2017
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A Dermatologist's Ammunition in the War Against Smoking: A Photoaging App.
Brinker TJ, Enk A, Gatzka M, Nakamura Y, Sondermann W, Omlor AJ, Petri MP, Karoglan A, Seeger W, Klode J, von Kalle C, Schadendorf D., J Med Internet Res 19(9), 2017
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Tobacco control in Brazil: the achievements and challenges of a successful policy.
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Why methamphetamine-related deaths need more attention.
McKetin R., Addiction 112(12), 2017
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Relationship Between Exposure to Second-Hand Smoke in the Workplace and Occupational Injury in the Republic of Korea.
Lee W, Lee S, Kim J, Kim J, Kim YK, Kim K, Won JU, Roh J, Yoon JH., Ann Work Expo Health 62(1), 2017
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Young low and middle-income country (LMIC) smokers-implications for global tobacco control.
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