Epidemiology and economic burden of measles, mumps, pertussis, and varicella in Germany: a systematic review

Damm O, Witte J, Wetzka S, Prosser C, Braun S, Welte R, Greiner W (2016)

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Es wurden keine Dateien hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Damm, OliverUniBi; Witte, JulianUniBi; Wetzka, Stefanie; Prosser, Christine; Braun, Sebastian; Welte, Robert; Greiner, WolfgangUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
Despite the availability of vaccines and the existence of public vaccination recommendations, outbreaks of vaccine-preventable childhood diseases still cause public health debate. The objective of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the current epidemiology and economic burden of measles, mumps, pertussis, and varicella in Germany. We systematically reviewed studies published since 2000. The literature search was conducted using PubMed and EMBASE. Also, we used German notification data to give an up-to-date overview of the epidemiology of the four diseases under consideration. Thirty-six studies were included in our review. Results suggest that there is still considerable morbidity due to childhood diseases in Germany. Studies providing cost estimates are scarce. Comparative analyses of different data sources (notification data vs. claims data) revealed a potential underestimation of incidence estimates when using notification data. Furthermore, several studies showed regional differences in incidence of some of the diseases under consideration. Our findings underline the need for improved vaccination and communication strategies targeting all susceptible age and risk groups on a national and local level.
Childhood diseases; Epidemiology; Economic burden; Germany
Page URI


Damm O, Witte J, Wetzka S, et al. Epidemiology and economic burden of measles, mumps, pertussis, and varicella in Germany: a systematic review. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 2016;61(7):847-860.
Damm, O., Witte, J., Wetzka, S., Prosser, C., Braun, S., Welte, R., & Greiner, W. (2016). Epidemiology and economic burden of measles, mumps, pertussis, and varicella in Germany: a systematic review. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 61(7), 847-860. doi:10.1007/s00038-016-0842-8
Damm, Oliver, Witte, Julian, Wetzka, Stefanie, Prosser, Christine, Braun, Sebastian, Welte, Robert, and Greiner, Wolfgang. 2016. “Epidemiology and economic burden of measles, mumps, pertussis, and varicella in Germany: a systematic review”. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 61 (7): 847-860.
Damm, O., Witte, J., Wetzka, S., Prosser, C., Braun, S., Welte, R., and Greiner, W. (2016). Epidemiology and economic burden of measles, mumps, pertussis, and varicella in Germany: a systematic review. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 61, 847-860.
Damm, O., et al., 2016. Epidemiology and economic burden of measles, mumps, pertussis, and varicella in Germany: a systematic review. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 61(7), p 847-860.
O. Damm, et al., “Epidemiology and economic burden of measles, mumps, pertussis, and varicella in Germany: a systematic review”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 61, 2016, pp. 847-860.
Damm, O., Witte, J., Wetzka, S., Prosser, C., Braun, S., Welte, R., Greiner, W.: Epidemiology and economic burden of measles, mumps, pertussis, and varicella in Germany: a systematic review. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 61, 847-860 (2016).
Damm, Oliver, Witte, Julian, Wetzka, Stefanie, Prosser, Christine, Braun, Sebastian, Welte, Robert, and Greiner, Wolfgang. “Epidemiology and economic burden of measles, mumps, pertussis, and varicella in Germany: a systematic review”. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 61.7 (2016): 847-860.

3 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Attributes influencing parental decision-making to receive the Tdap vaccine to reduce the risk of pertussis transmission to their newborn - outcome of a cross-sectional conjoint experiment in Spain and Italy.
Ledent E, Gabutti G, de Bekker-Grob EW, Alcázar Zambrano JL, Campins Martí M, Del Hierro Gurruchaga MT, Fernández Cruz MJ, Ferrera G, Fortunato F, Torchio P, Zoppi G, Agboton C, Kandeil W, Marchetti F., Hum Vaccin Immunother 15(5), 2019
PMID: 30735474
Seroprevalence and molecular characteristics of varicella-zoster virus infection in Chinese children.
Luan L, Shen X, Qiu J, Jing Y, Zhang J, Wang J, Zhang J, Dong C., BMC Infect Dis 19(1), 2019
PMID: 31324226

109 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Spread of measles virus D4-Hamburg, Europe, 2008-2011.
Mankertz A, Mihneva Z, Gold H, Baumgarte S, Baillot A, Helble R, Roggendorf H, Bosevska G, Nedeljkovic J, Makowka A, Hutse V, Holzmann H, Aberle SW, Cordey S, Necula G, Mentis A, Korukluoglu G, Carr M, Brown KE, Hubschen JM, Muller CP, Mulders MN, Santibanez S., Emerging Infect. Dis. 17(8), 2011
PMID: 21801615
The effect of acetyl-L-carnitine on lenticular calpain activity in prevention of selenite-induced cataractogenesis.
Elanchezhian R, Sakthivel M, Geraldine P, Thomas PA., Exp. Eye Res. 88(5), 2008
PMID: 19150348
Extra precision glide: docking and scoring incorporating a model of hydrophobic enclosure for protein-ligand complexes.
Friesner RA, Murphy RB, Repasky MP, Frye LL, Greenwood JR, Halgren TA, Sanschagrin PC, Mainz DT., J. Med. Chem. 49(21), 2006
PMID: 17034125
Global estimates of visual impairment: 2010.
Pascolini D, Mariotti SP., Br J Ophthalmol 96(5), 2011
PMID: 22133988
The disease burden of pertussis in adults 50 years old and older in the United States: a retrospective study.
McGuiness CB, Hill J, Fonseca E, Hess G, Hitchcock W, Krishnarajah G., BMC Infect. Dis. 13(), 2013
PMID: 23343438
The role of adults in household outbreaks of pertussis.
Baptista PN, Magalhaes VS, Rodrigues LC., Int. J. Infect. Dis. 14(2), 2009
PMID: 19559636
The state of measles and rubella in the WHO European Region, 2013.
Muscat M, Shefer A, Ben Mamou M, Spataru R, Jankovic D, Deshevoy S, Butler R, Pfeifer D., Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 20 Suppl 5(), 2014
PMID: 24520948
Vitex negundo attenuates calpain activation and cataractogenesis in selenite models.
Rooban BN, Lija Y, Biju PG, Sasikala V, Sahasranamam V, Abraham A., Exp. Eye Res. 88(3), 2008
PMID: 19094987
[Measles surveillance in Germany. From sentinel to mandatory surveillance].
Siedler A, Gruber A, Mankertz A., Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 56(9), 2013
PMID: 23990096
Calpain silencing by a reversible intrinsic mechanism.
Moldoveanu T, Hosfield CM, Lim D, Jia Z, Davies PL., Nat. Struct. Biol. 10(5), 2003
PMID: 12665854
Calpain function in the modulation of signal transduction molecules.
Sato K, Kawashima S., Biol. Chem. 382(5), 2001
PMID: 11517927
Involvement of calpain in diamide-induced cataract in cultured lenses.
Azuma M, Shearer TR., FEBS Lett. 307(3), 1992
PMID: 1644187
Measles in Europe: an epidemiological assessment.
Muscat M, Bang H, Wohlfahrt J, Glismann S, Molbak K; EUVAC.NET Group, El Belazi G, Holzmann H, Strauss R, Lernout T, Kojouharova M, Kaic B, Eracleous CG, Hadjianastassiou C, Kriz B, Christiansen AH, Kerbo N, Davidkin I, du Chatelet IP, Siedler A, Vova-Chatzi M, Melles M, Molnar Z, Gudnason T, Cotter S, Gee S, Iannazzo S, Ciofi degli Atti M, Filia A, Perevoscikovs J, Kupreviciene N, Huberty-Krau P, Farrugia Sant'Angelo V, Melillo JM, de Melker H, Hahne S, Lovoll O, Stefanoff P, Zielinski A, Gregorio de Freitas Mda G, Fernandes T, Stanescu A, Pistol A, Lancova J, Palova-Krajcirova K, Kraigher A, Ucakar V, Martinez de Aragon MV, Pena-Rey I, Carlsson RM, Linde A, Romanus V, Richard JL, Ozdemirer U, Torunoglu MA, Bukasa A, White J., Lancet 373(9661), 2009
PMID: 19131097
Measles incidence and reporting trends in Germany, 2007-2011.
Takla A, Wichmann O, Rieck T, Matysiak-Klose D., Bull. World Health Organ. 92(10), 2014
PMID: 25378728
Infant pertussis: who was the source?
Bisgard KM, Pascual FB, Ehresmann KR, Miller CA, Cianfrini C, Jennings CE, Rebmann CA, Gabel J, Schauer SL, Lett SM., Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 23(11), 2004
PMID: 15545851
Glide: a new approach for rapid, accurate docking and scoring. 2. Enrichment factors in database screening.
Halgren TA, Murphy RB, Friesner RA, Beard HS, Frye LL, Pollard WT, Banks JL., J. Med. Chem. 47(7), 2004
PMID: 15027866
Measles outbreak in Germany: clinical presentation and outcome of children hospitalized for measles in 2006.
Arenz S, Fischer R, Wildner M., Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 28(11), 2009
PMID: 19738510
Health burden of pertussis in adolescents and adults.
Rothstein E, Edwards K., Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 24(5 Suppl), 2005
PMID: 15876923
Two outbreaks of measles in Germany 2005.
Siedler A, Tischer A, Mankertz A, Santibanez S., Euro Surveill. 11(4), 2006
PMID: 16645244
Virtual screening of chemical libraries.
Shoichet BK., Nature 432(7019), 2004
PMID: 15602552
Cataract surgery for the developing world.
Tabin G, Chen M, Espandar L., Curr Opin Ophthalmol 19(1), 2008
PMID: 18090899
Empirical data on the varicella situation in Germany for vaccination decisions.
Wagenpfeil S, Neiss A, Banz K, Wutzler P., Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 10(5), 2004
PMID: 15113320
Varicella-related deaths in children and adolescents--Germany 2003-2004.
Grote V, von Kries R, Springer W, Hammersen G, Kreth HW, Liese J., Acta Paediatr. 97(2), 2007
PMID: 18076716
Further efforts needed to achieve measles elimination in Germany: results of an outbreak investigation.
Wichmann O, Siedler A, Sagebiel D, Hellenbrand W, Santibanez S, Mankertz A, Vogt G, Treeck Uv, Krause G., Bull. World Health Organ. 87(2), 2009
PMID: 19274362
Large measles outbreak at a German public school, 2006.
Wichmann O, Hellenbrand W, Sagebiel D, Santibanez S, Ahlemeyer G, Vogt G, Siedler A, van Treeck U., Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 26(9), 2007
PMID: 17721371
Calpain II in two in vivo models of sugar cataract.
Azuma M, Shearer TR, Matsumoto T, David LL, Murachi T., Exp. Eye Res. 51(4), 1990
PMID: 2209751
Prophylaxis of postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery: results of the 2007 ASCRS member survey.
Chang DF, Braga-Mele R, Mamalis N, Masket S, Miller KM, Nichamin LD, Packard RB, Packer M; ASCRS Cataract Clinical Committee., J Cataract Refract Surg 33(10), 2007
PMID: 17889779
Pertussis in Germany: regional differences in management and vaccination status of hospitalized cases.
Juretzko P, Fabian-Marx T, Haastert B, Giani G, von Kries R, Wirsing von Konig CH., Epidemiol. Infect. 127(1), 2001
PMID: 11561976
The Protein Data Bank.
Berman HM, Battistuz T, Bhat TN, Bluhm WF, Bourne PE, Burkhardt K, Feng Z, Gilliland GL, Iype L, Jain S, Fagan P, Marvin J, Padilla D, Ravichandran V, Schneider B, Thanki N, Weissig H, Westbrook JD, Zardecki C., Acta Crystallogr. D Biol. Crystallogr. 58(Pt 6 No 1), 2002
PMID: 12037327
Shape and pharmacophore-based virtual screening to identify potential cytochrome P450 sterol 14α-demethylase inhibitors.
Reddy KK, Singh SK, Tripathi SK, Selvaraj C, Suryanarayanan V., J. Recept. Signal Transduct. Res. 33(4), 2013
PMID: 23638723
Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement.
Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG; PRISMA Group, Altman D, Antes G, Atkins D, Barbour V, Barrowman N, Berlin JA, Clark J, Clarke M, Cook D, D'Amico R, Deeks JJ, Devereaux PJ, Dickersin K, Egger M, Ernst E, Gotzsche PC, Grimshaw J, Guyatt G, Higgins J, Ioannidis JP, Kleijnen J, Lang T, Liberati A, Magrini N, McNamee D, Moja L, Moher D, Mulrow C, Napoli M, Oxman A, Pham B, Rennie D, Sampson M, Schulz KF, Shekelle PG, Tetzlaff J, Tovey D, Tugwell P., BMJ 339(), 2009
PMID: 19622551
The burden of varicella in Germany. Potential risks and economic impact.
Banz K, Wagenpfeil S, Neiss A, Hammerschmidt T, Wutzler P., Eur J Health Econ 5(1), 2004
PMID: 15452764
Low activity by the calpain system in primate lenses causes resistance to calcium-induced proteolysis.
Nakajima E, Walkup RD, Ma H, Shearer TR, Azuma M., Exp. Eye Res. 83(3), 2006
PMID: 16684519
The cost of measles in industrialised countries.
Carabin H, Edmunds WJ, Gyldmark M, Beutels P, Levy-Bruhl D, Salo H, Griffiths UK., Vaccine 21(27-30), 2003
PMID: 14505896
Calpain inhibition by alpha-ketoamide and cyclic hemiacetal inhibitors revealed by X-ray crystallography.
Cuerrier D, Moldoveanu T, Inoue J, Davies PL, Campbell RL., Biochemistry 45(24), 2006
PMID: 16768440
[Pertussis: incidence, symptoms and costs]
Riffelmann M, Littmann M, Hulsse C, O'Brien J, Wirsing von Konig CH., Dtsch. Med. Wochenschr. 131(50), 2006
PMID: 17160764
Selection criteria for drug-like compounds.
Muegge I., Med Res Rev 23(3), 2003
PMID: 12647312
Impact of vaccination on the epidemiology of varicella: 1995-2009.
Baxter R, Tran TN, Ray P, Lewis E, Fireman B, Black S, Shinefield HR, Coplan PM, Saddier P., Pediatrics 134(1), 2014
PMID: 24913796
Global data on visual impairment in the year 2002.
Resnikoff S, Pascolini D, Etya'ale D, Kocur I, Pararajasegaram R, Pokharel GP, Mariotti SP., Bull. World Health Organ. 82(11), 2004
PMID: 15640920
Who gets measles in Europe?
Muscat M., J. Infect. Dis. 204 Suppl 1(), 2011
PMID: 21666185
Varicella prevention in the United States: a review of successes and challenges.
Marin M, Meissner HC, Seward JF., Pediatrics 122(3), 2008
PMID: 18762511
Severe complications of varicella in previously healthy children in Germany: a 1-year survey.
Ziebold C, von Kries R, Lang R, Weigl J, Schmitt HJ., Pediatrics 108(5), 2001
PMID: 11694663
Clinical and epidemiological picture of B pertussis and B parapertussis infections after introduction of acellular pertussis vaccines.
Liese JG, Renner C, Stojanov S, Belohradsky BH; Munich Vaccine Study Group., Arch. Dis. Child. 88(8), 2003
PMID: 12876162
Novel technologies for virtual screening.
Lengauer T, Lemmen C, Rarey M, Zimmermann M., Drug Discov. Today 9(1), 2004
PMID: 14761803
Calpains: targets of cataract prevention?
Biswas S, Harris F, Dennison S, Singh J, Phoenix DA., Trends Mol Med 10(2), 2004
PMID: 15102361
Amelioration of cataracts and proteolysis in cultured lenses by cysteine protease inhibitor E64.
Shearer TR, Azuma M, David LL, Murachi T., Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 32(3), 1991
PMID: 1848210
Comparison of cell-permeable calpain inhibitors and E64 in reduction of cataract in cultured rat lenses.
Lampi KJ, Kadoya K, Azuma M, David LL, Shearer TR., Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 117(1), 1992
PMID: 1440613
The burden of varicella complications before the introduction of routine varicella vaccination in Germany.
Liese JG, Grote V, Rosenfeld E, Fischer R, Belohradsky BH, v Kries R; ESPED Varicella Study Group., Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 27(2), 2008
PMID: 18227713
[The historical development of immunization in Germany. From compulsory smallpox vaccination to a National Action Plan on Immunization].
Klein S, Schoneberg I, Krause G., Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 55(11-12), 2012
PMID: 23114451
Public health surveillance: historical origins, methods and evaluation.
Declich S, Carter AO., Bull. World Health Organ. 72(2), 1994
PMID: 8205649
Under-reporting of measles: an evaluation based on data from north rhine-westphalia.
Mette A, Reuss AM, Feig M, Kappelmayer L, Siedler A, Eckmanns T, Poggensee G., Dtsch Arztebl Int 108(12), 2011
PMID: 21505600
Two consecutive measles outbreaks with genotypes D8 and D4 in two mainly unvaccinated communities in Germany.
Roggendorf H, Santibanez S, Mankertz A, van Treeck U, Roggendorf M., Med. Microbiol. Immunol. 201(3), 2012
PMID: 22570014
[Surveillance of measles in Germany]
Tischer A, Siedler A, Rasch G., Gesundheitswesen 63(11), 2001
PMID: 11713702
The epidemiology of pertussis in Germany: past and present.
Hellenbrand W, Beier D, Jensen E, Littmann M, Meyer C, Oppermann H, Wirsing von Konig CH, Reiter S., BMC Infect. Dis. 9(), 2009
PMID: 19243604
Epidemiological and immunological reasons for pertussis vaccination in adolescents and adults.
Nitsch-Osuch A, Korzeniewski K, Kuchar E, Zielonka T, Zycinska K, Wardyn K., Respir Physiol Neurobiol 187(1), 2013
PMID: 23419520
Structural basis for possible calcium-induced activation mechanisms of calpains.
Reverter D, Strobl S, Fernandez-Catalan C, Sorimachi H, Suzuki K, Bode W., Biol. Chem. 382(5), 2001
PMID: 11517928
Deciphering the potential efficacy of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) in maintaining connexin-mediated lenticular homeostasis.
Muralidharan AR, Leema G, Annadurai T, Anitha TS, Thomas PA, Geraldine P., Mol. Vis. 18(), 2012
PMID: 22876134
Discovery of novel agonists and antagonists of the free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFAR1) using virtual screening.
Tikhonova IG, Sum CS, Neumann S, Engel S, Raaka BM, Costanzi S, Gershengorn MC., J. Med. Chem. 51(3), 2008
PMID: 18193825
Molecular modeling: a search for a calpain inhibitor as a new treatment for cataractogenesis.
Stuart BG, Coxon JM, Morton JD, Abell AD, McDonald DQ, Aitken SG, Jones MA, Bickerstaffe R., J. Med. Chem. 54(21), 2011
PMID: 21955158
Biological glass: structural determinants of eye lens transparency.
Bassnett S, Shi Y, Vrensen GF., Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 366(1568), 2011
PMID: 21402584
Measuring underreporting and under-ascertainment in infectious disease datasets: a comparison of methods.
Gibbons CL, Mangen MJ, Plass D, Havelaar AH, Brooke RJ, Kramarz P, Peterson KL, Stuurman AL, Cassini A, Fevre EM, Kretzschmar ME; Burden of Communicable diseases in Europe (BCoDE) consortium., BMC Public Health 14(), 2014
PMID: 24517715
Calculating disability-adjusted life years to quantify burden of disease.
Devleesschauwer B, Havelaar AH, Maertens de Noordhout C, Haagsma JA, Praet N, Dorny P, Duchateau L, Torgerson PR, Van Oyen H, Speybroeck N., Int J Public Health 59(3), 2014
PMID: 24752429
SJA6017, a newly synthesized peptide aldehyde inhibitor of calpain: amelioration of cataract in cultured rat lenses.
Fukiage C, Azuma M, Nakamura Y, Tamada Y, Nakamura M, Shearer TR., Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1361(3), 1997
PMID: 9375805
Measles outbreak spreading from the community to an anthroposophic school, Berlin, 2011.
Gillesberg Lassen S, Schuster M, Stemmler M, Steinmuller A, Matysiak-Klose D, Mankertz A, Santibanez S, Wichmann O, Falkenhorst G., Epidemiol. Infect. 142(4), 2013
PMID: 23823129
Experimental and computational approaches to estimate solubility and permeability in drug discovery and development settings.
Lipinski CA, Lombardo F, Dominy BW, Feeney PJ., Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 46(1-3), 2001
PMID: 11259830
BindingDB: a web-accessible database of experimentally determined protein-ligand binding affinities.
Liu T, Lin Y, Wen X, Jorissen RN, Gilson MK., Nucleic Acids Res. 35(Database issue), 2006
PMID: 17145705
Complications of varicella after implementation of routine childhood varicella vaccination in Germany.
Spackova M, Muehlen M, Siedler A., Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 29(9), 2010
PMID: 20442685
The human crystallin gene families.
Wistow G., Hum. Genomics 6(), 2012
PMID: 23199295
Pertussis outbreak in primary and secondary schools in Ludwigslust, Germany demonstrating the role of waning immunity.
Sin MA, Zenke R, Ronckendorf R, Littmann M, Jorgensen P, Hellenbrand W., Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 28(3), 2009
PMID: 19209094
Ongoing outbreak of mumps affecting adolescents and young adults in Bavaria, Germany, August to October 2010.
Otto W, Mankertz A, Santibanez S, Saygili H, Wenzel J, Jilg W, Wieland W, Borgmann S., Euro Surveill. 15(50), 2010
PMID: 21172171
Superior prevention of calcium ionophore cataract by E64d.
Azuma M, David LL, Shearer TR., Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1180(2), 1992
PMID: 1463773
The disease burden of hepatitis B, influenza, measles and salmonellosis in Germany: first results of the burden of communicable diseases in Europe study.
Plass D, Mangen MJ, Kraemer A, Pinheiro P, Gilsdorf A, Krause G, Gibbons CL, VAN Lier A, McDONALD SA, Brooke RJ, Kramarz P, Cassini A, Kretzschmar ME., Epidemiol. Infect. 142(10), 2014
PMID: 24480146
GBD 2010: design, definitions, and metrics.
Murray CJ, Ezzati M, Flaxman AD, Lim S, Lozano R, Michaud C, Naghavi M, Salomon JA, Shibuya K, Vos T, Wikler D, Lopez AD., Lancet 380(9859), 2012
PMID: 23245602
PHASE: a novel approach to pharmacophore modeling and 3D database searching.
Dixon SL, Smondyrev AM, Rao SN., Chem Biol Drug Des 67(5), 2006
PMID: 16784462
Pertussis in adults: epidemiology, signs, symptoms, and implications for vaccination.
Orenstein WA., Clin. Infect. Dis. 28 Suppl 2(), 1999
PMID: 10447034
Influence of age, diabetes, and cataract on calcium, lipid-calcium, and protein-calcium relationships in human lenses.
Tang D, Borchman D, Yappert MC, Vrensen GF, Rasi V., Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 44(5), 2003
PMID: 12714644
Cataract blindness--challenges for the 21st century.
Brian G, Taylor H., Bull. World Health Organ. 79(3), 2001
PMID: 11285671
[Relevance of sentinel surveillance systems for the implementation and evaluation of vaccination strategies].
Siedler A, Leitmeyer K., Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47(12), 2004
PMID: 15583884
Historical comparisons of morbidity and mortality for vaccine-preventable diseases in the United States.
Roush SW, Murphy TV; Vaccine-Preventable Disease Table Working Group., JAMA 298(18), 2007
PMID: 18000199
The calpain system.
Goll DE, Thompson VF, Li H, Wei W, Cong J., Physiol. Rev. 83(3), 2003
PMID: 12843408
Description of measles D4-Hamburg outbreak in Hamburg, Germany, December 2008 to June 2009, which disproportionally affected a local Roma community.
Hegasy G, Katzner K, Helle M, Mankertz A, Baumgarte S, Wille A, Fell G., Euro Surveill. 17(24), 2012
PMID: 22720769
Ten great public health achievements--United States, 1900-1999.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)., MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 48(12), 1999
PMID: 10220250
Recent developments in pertussis.
Crowcroft NS, Pebody RG., Lancet 367(9526), 2006
PMID: 16765762
Comparison of various calpain inhibitors in reduction of light scattering, protein precipitation and nuclear cataract in vitro.
Mathur P, Gupta SK, Wegener AR, Breipohl W, Ahrend MH, Sharma YD, Gupta YK, Vajpayee RB., Curr. Eye Res. 21(6), 2000
PMID: 11262616
[Varicella vaccination in Germany. A provisional appraisal in the context of MMR vaccination].
Siedler A, Hecht J, Rieck T, Tolksdorf K, Hengel H., Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 56(9), 2013
PMID: 23990095
Effects of magnesium taurate on the onset and progression of galactose-induced experimental cataract: in vivo and in vitro evaluation.
Agarwal R, Iezhitsa I, Awaludin NA, Ahmad Fisol NF, Bakar NS, Agarwal P, Abdul Rahman TH, Spasov A, Ozerov A, Mohamed Ahmed Salama MS, Mohd Ismail N., Exp. Eye Res. 110(), 2013
PMID: 23428743
Measles transmission from an anthroposophic community to the general population, Germany 2008.
Wadl M, Siedler A, Kramer W, Haindl ME, Gebrande S, Krenn-Lanzl I, Mankertz A, Hautmann W., BMC Public Health 11(), 2011
PMID: 21676265

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

PMID: 27488917
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar