Levels and determinants of complementary feeding based on meal frequency among children of 6 to 23 months in Bangladesh

Chowdhury MRK, Rahman MS, Khan MH (2016)
BMC Public Health 16(1): 944.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht| Englisch
 
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Chowdhury, Mohammad Rocky Khan; Rahman, Md. Shafiur; Khan, Mobarak HossainUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background Information concerning complementary feeding (CF) practice during infancy and early childhood is still scarce in Bangladesh. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the level of CF among children of 6–23 months and identify individual, household and community level determinants in Bangladesh. Methods Secondary data from the Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 was used. A total of 2,373 children aged 6–23 months were selected. A simplified index called “dimension index” was used to estimate the level of CF. The score of this index was used either as continuous or categorical dependent variables. The highest score based on dimension index is associated to an adequate CF. Statistical analyses and tests were guided by types of variables. Finally, multivariable logistic regression (binary and multinomial) analyses were performed to identify the significant determinants of CF. Results The overall level of CF among children of 6–23 months was low. More than 90 % of children experienced either no (2.9 %) or inadequate CF (92.7 %). According to bivariable analyses, mean levels of CF as well as percentages of no/inadequate CF were significantly lower among children of the youngest age group, uneducated parents, unemployed/laborer fathers, socio-economically poor families, food insecure families and rural areas. No weekly exposure to mass media (namely watching TV and reading newspapers/magazines) also revealed significant associations with CF. However, only few variables remained significant for adequate CF in the multivariable logistic regression analysis. For example, the likelihood of experiencing adequate CF was significantly lower among children of 6–11 months (OR: 0.22, 95 % CI: 0.10–0.47), children of illiterate fathers (OR: 0.32, 95 % CI: 0.11–0.95) and socio-economically middle-class families (OR: 0.28, 95 % CI: 0.09–0.86) as compared to their reference categories. Conclusion A high level of inadequate CF leading to malnutrition may cause serious health problems among children of 6–23 months in Bangladesh. Vulnerable groups of children (e.g., the children aged 6 to 11 months and children of illiterate fathers), who received low levels of adequate CF, should be targeted by government and other stakeholders while developing strategies and interventions in order to improve overall situation of CF in Bangladesh.
Stichworte
Complementary feeding Children Dimension index Determinants Bangladesh
Erscheinungsjahr
2016
Zeitschriftentitel
BMC Public Health
Band
16
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
944
ISSN
1471-2458
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2905931

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Chowdhury MRK, Rahman MS, Khan MH. Levels and determinants of complementary feeding based on meal frequency among children of 6 to 23 months in Bangladesh. BMC Public Health. 2016;16(1): 944.
Chowdhury, M. R. K., Rahman, M. S., & Khan, M. H. (2016). Levels and determinants of complementary feeding based on meal frequency among children of 6 to 23 months in Bangladesh. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 944. doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3607-7
Chowdhury, M. R. K., Rahman, M. S., and Khan, M. H. (2016). Levels and determinants of complementary feeding based on meal frequency among children of 6 to 23 months in Bangladesh. BMC Public Health 16:944.
Chowdhury, M.R.K., Rahman, M.S., & Khan, M.H., 2016. Levels and determinants of complementary feeding based on meal frequency among children of 6 to 23 months in Bangladesh. BMC Public Health, 16(1): 944.
M.R.K. Chowdhury, M.S. Rahman, and M.H. Khan, “Levels and determinants of complementary feeding based on meal frequency among children of 6 to 23 months in Bangladesh”, BMC Public Health, vol. 16, 2016, : 944.
Chowdhury, M.R.K., Rahman, M.S., Khan, M.H.: Levels and determinants of complementary feeding based on meal frequency among children of 6 to 23 months in Bangladesh. BMC Public Health. 16, : 944 (2016).
Chowdhury, Mohammad Rocky Khan, Rahman, Md. Shafiur, and Khan, Mobarak Hossain. “Levels and determinants of complementary feeding based on meal frequency among children of 6 to 23 months in Bangladesh”. BMC Public Health 16.1 (2016): 944.
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3 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Risk factors of stunting among children living in an urban slum of Bangladesh: findings of a prospective cohort study.
Islam MM, Sanin KI, Mahfuz M, Ahmed AMS, Mondal D, Haque R, Ahmed T., BMC Public Health 18(1), 2018
PMID: 29378556
Stagnating trends in complementary feeding practices in Bangladesh: An analysis of national surveys from 2004-2014.
Na M, Aguayo VM, Arimond M, Narayan A, Stewart CP., Matern Child Nutr 14 Suppl 4(), 2018
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Correlates of the Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding among Children Aged 6⁻23 Months in Rupandehi District, Nepal.
Acharya D, Subedi R, Lee K, Yoo SJ, Gautam S, Singh JK., Children (Basel) 5(8), 2018
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