A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany

Jahn N, Tullney M (2016)
PeerJ 4: e2323.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
OA 231.27 KB
Jahn, NajkoUniBi; Tullney, Marco
Abstract / Bemerkung
Publication fees as a revenue source for open access publishing hold a prominent place on the agendas of researchers, policy makers, and academic publishers. This study contributes to the evolving empirical basis for funding these charges and examines how much German universities and research organisations spent on open access publication fees. Using self-reported cost data from the Open APC initiative, the analysis focused on the amount that was being spent on publication fees, and compared these expenditure with data from related Austrian (FWF) and UK (Wellcome Trust, Jisc) initiatives, in terms of both size and the proportion of articles being published in fully and hybrid open access journals. We also investigated how thoroughly self-reported articles were indexed in Crossref, a DOI minting agency for scholarly literature, and analysed how the institutional spending was distributed across publishers and journal titles. According to self-reported data from 30 German universities and research organisations between 2005 and 2015, expenditures on open access publication fees increased over the years in Germany and amounted to € 9,627,537 for 7,417 open access journal articles. The average payment was € 1,298, and the median was € 1,231. A total of 94% of the total article volume included in the study was supported in accordance with the price cap of € 2,000, a limit imposed by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) as part of its funding activities for open access funding at German universities. Expenditures varied considerably at the institutional level. There were also differences in how much the institutions spent per journal and publisher. These differences reflect, at least in part, the varying pricing schemes in place including discounted publication fees. With an indexing coverage of 99%, Crossref thoroughly indexed the open access journals articles included in the study. A comparison with the related openly available cost data from Austria and the UK revealed that German universities and research organisations primarily funded articles in fully open access journals. By contrast, articles in hybrid journal accounted for the largest share of spending according to the Austrian and UK data. Fees paid for hybrid journals were on average more expensive than those paid for fully open access journals.
Page URI


Jahn N, Tullney M. A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany. PeerJ. 2016;4: e2323.
Jahn, N., & Tullney, M. (2016). A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany. PeerJ, 4, e2323. doi:10.7717/peerj.2323
Jahn, N., and Tullney, M. (2016). A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany. PeerJ 4:e2323.
Jahn, N., & Tullney, M., 2016. A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany. PeerJ, 4: e2323.
N. Jahn and M. Tullney, “A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany”, PeerJ, vol. 4, 2016, : e2323.
Jahn, N., Tullney, M.: A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany. PeerJ. 4, : e2323 (2016).
Jahn, Najko, and Tullney, Marco. “A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany”. PeerJ 4 (2016): e2323.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0):
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
MD5 Prüfsumme

3 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Authorial and institutional stratification in open access publishing: the case of global health research.
Siler K, Haustein S, Smith E, Larivière V, Alperin JP., PeerJ 6(), 2018
PMID: 29479492
Growth of hybrid open access, 2009-2016.
Björk BC., PeerJ 5(), 2017
PMID: 28975059

41 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Datasets on fee-based Open Access publishing across German Institutions
Apel J, Becker HG, Bertelmann R, Beucke D, Blume P, Blumtritt U, Broschinski C, Busjahn D, Deinzer G, Dorner A, Engelhardt C, Hanig K, Hell D, Herb U, Feldsien-Sudhaus I, Franke F, Frick C, Geißelmann A, Geschuhn KK, Kuehle G, Jaeger D, Kennecke A, Kroiss S, Lucht-Roussel K, Lützenkirchen F, Oberländer A, Peil V, Pieper D, Pohlmann T, Schlachter M, Rieck K, Ruckelshausen F, Schlegel B, Sikora A, Tullney M, Vieler A, Winkler M, Witt S, Jahn N., 2014
Pricing principles used by scholarly open access publishers
Björk B-C, Solomon D., 2012
How research funders can finance APCs in full OA and hybrid journals
Björk B-C, Solomon D., 2014
Positions on creating an Open Access publication market which is scholarly adequate: positions of the ad hoc working group Open Access Gold in the priority initiative “Digital Information” of the alliance of science organisations in Germany. Ad-hoc-Arbeitsgruppe Open-Access-Gold der Schwerpunktinitiative “Digitale Information” der Allianz der deutschen Wissenschaftsorganisationen
Bruch C, Deinzer G, Geschuhn KK, Haetscher P, Hillenkoetter K, Kress U, Pampel H, Schaeffler H, Stanek U, Timm A, Wagner A, Gebert A, Hanig K, Herbstritt M, Mruck K, Scheiner A, Scholze F, Schulze M, Siegert O, Tobias R, Tullney M, Vierkant P., 2015

Chamberlain S, Boettiger C, Hart T, Ram K., 2016

Dallmeier-Tiessen S, Darby R, Goerner B, Hyppoelae J, Igo-Kemenes P, Kahn D, Lambert SC, Lengenfelder A, Leonard C, Mele S, Nowicka M, Polydoratou P, Ross D, Ruiz-Perez S, Schimmer R, Swaisland M, van W., 2011
Ansätze zur Verstetigung von Open-Access-Publikationsfonds
Deppe A., 2015
Umgang mit Open-Access-Publikationsgebuhren –die situation in deutschland in 2010
Eppelin A, Pampel H, Bandilla W, Kaczmirek L., 2012
Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft. Zum Aufbau von Publikationsfonds an wissenschaftlichen Hochschulen
Fournier J, Weihberg R., 2013
The adoption of Open Access Funds among canadian academic research libraries, 2008–2012
Hampson C., 2014
Grand challenges in altmetrics: heterogeneity, data quality and dependencies
Haustein S., 2016

Kiley R., 2014

Kiley R., 2015

Kiley R., 2016
Paying for publication: issues and challenges for research support services
Kingsley DA., 2014
The Oligopoly of Academic Publishers in the Digital Era.
Lariviere V, Haustein S, Mongeon P., PLoS ONE 10(6), 2015
PMID: 26061978

Lawson S., 2015
Article processing charges paid by 25 UK universities in 2014
Lawson S., 2015
Fee waivers for Open Access Journals
Lawson S., 2015

Lawson S., 2016
Journal subscription expenditure of UK higher education institutions.
Lawson S, Meghreblian B., F1000Res 3(), 2014
PMID: 25653840

Neylon C., 2014
Open access: The true cost of science publishing.
Van Noorden R., Nature 495(7442), 2013
PMID: 23538808
Making open access work
Pinfield S., 2015
Open access central funds in UK universities
Pinfield S, Middleton C., 2012
The “total cost of publication” in a hybrid open-access environment: institutional approaches to funding journal article-processing charges in combination with subscriptions
Pinfield S, Salter J, Bath PA., 2015

Reckling F, Kenzian M., 2014

Reckling F, Rieck K., 2015

Rieck K, Haslinger D, Meischke-Ilic S, Kirindi-Hentschel Ü, Reckling F., 2016
Open Access in Zahlen: der Umbruch der Wissenschaftskommunikation als Herausforderung für Bibliotheken
Schimmer R, Geschuhn KK, Palzenberger M., 2013
Disrupting the subscription journals’ business model for the necessary large-scale transformation to open access
Schimmer R, Geschuhn KK, Vogler A., 2015
Management of article processing charges –challenges for libraries
Sikora A, Geschuhn KK., 2015
Publication fees in open access publishing: sources of funding and factors influencing choice of journal
Solomon DJ, Björk B-C., 2011
A study of open access journals using article processing charges
Solomon DJ, Björk B-C., 2012

Suber P., 2012
Bibliographic index coverage of open-access journals in six subject areas
Walters WH, Linvill AC., 2011
Report for Jisc Collections on total cost of ownership project: data capture and process
Woodward HM, Henderson HL., 2014
Material in PUB:
Populärwissenschaftliche Version
Neue Marktkonzentration? Eine Analyse der Open-Access-Kosten in Deutschland
Jahn N, Tullney M (2016)
Forschung & Lehre 23(10): 886-887.
Frühere Version


Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®


PMID: 27602289
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar