Giant Magnetoresistance: Basic Concepts, Microstructure, Magnetic Interactions and Applications

Ennen I, Kappe D, Rempel T, Glenske C, Hütten A (2016)
Sensors 16(6): 904.

Download
OA 7.50 MB
Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Volltext vorhanden für diesen Nachweis
Abstract / Bemerkung
The giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect is a very basic phenomenon that occurs in magnetic materials ranging from nanoparticles over multilayered thin films to permanent magnets. In this contribution, we first focus on the links between effect characteristic and underlying microstructure. Thereafter, we discuss design criteria for GMR-sensor applications covering automotive, biosensors as well as nanoparticular sensors.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Sensors
Band
16
Ausgabe
6
Art.-Nr.
904
ISSN
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
PUB-ID

Zitieren

Ennen I, Kappe D, Rempel T, Glenske C, Hütten A. Giant Magnetoresistance: Basic Concepts, Microstructure, Magnetic Interactions and Applications. Sensors. 2016;16(6): 904.
Ennen, I., Kappe, D., Rempel, T., Glenske, C., & Hütten, A. (2016). Giant Magnetoresistance: Basic Concepts, Microstructure, Magnetic Interactions and Applications. Sensors, 16(6), 904. doi:10.3390/s16060904
Ennen, I., Kappe, D., Rempel, T., Glenske, C., and Hütten, A. (2016). Giant Magnetoresistance: Basic Concepts, Microstructure, Magnetic Interactions and Applications. Sensors 16:904.
Ennen, I., et al., 2016. Giant Magnetoresistance: Basic Concepts, Microstructure, Magnetic Interactions and Applications. Sensors, 16(6): 904.
I. Ennen, et al., “Giant Magnetoresistance: Basic Concepts, Microstructure, Magnetic Interactions and Applications”, Sensors, vol. 16, 2016, : 904.
Ennen, I., Kappe, D., Rempel, T., Glenske, C., Hütten, A.: Giant Magnetoresistance: Basic Concepts, Microstructure, Magnetic Interactions and Applications. Sensors. 16, : 904 (2016).
Ennen, Inga, Kappe, Daniel, Rempel, Thomas, Glenske, Claudia, and Hütten, Andreas. “Giant Magnetoresistance: Basic Concepts, Microstructure, Magnetic Interactions and Applications”. Sensors 16.6 (2016): 904.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0):
Volltext(e)
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
2016-07-14T07:01:51Z

5 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni0.8Fe0.2/Ti Nanoscale Multilayers.
Antón RL, González JA, Andrés JP, Svalov AV, Kurlyandskaya GV., Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(10), 2018
PMID: 30274389
Ultrasensitive Magnetic Nanoparticle Detector for Biosensor Applications.
Liang YC, Chang L, Qiu W, Kolhatkar AG, Vu B, Kourentzi K, Lee TR, Zu Y, Willson R, Litvinov D., Sensors (Basel) 17(6), 2017
PMID: 28587265

124 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Giant magnetoresistance of (001)Fe/(001)Cr magnetic superlattices.
Baibich MN, Broto JM, Fert A, Nguyen Van Dau F , Petroff F, Etienne P, Creuzet G, Friederich A, Chazelas J., Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 1988
PMID: 10039127
Enhanced magnetoresistance in layered magnetic structures with antiferromagnetic interlayer exchange.
Binasch G, Grunberg P, Saurenbach F, Zinn W., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 39(7), 1989
PMID: 9948867

Hartmann U.., 2000
Examples from the Field of Industrial Sensors
AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 0
Giant Magnetoresistance-based Biosensor for Detection of Influenza A Virus.
Krishna VD, Wu K, Perez AM, Wang JP., Front Microbiol 7(), 2016
PMID: 27065967
Perspectives of giant magnetoresistance
Tsymbal E.Y., Pettifor D.G.., 2001
Magnetic superlattices and multilayers
Schuller I.K., Kim S., Leighton C.., 1999
Statistical-mechanical theory of irreversible processes. I. General theory and simple applications to magnetic and conduction problems
Kubo R.., 1957
Electron transport in magnetic inhomogeneous media.
Camblong HE, Levy PM, Zhang S., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 51(22), 1995
PMID: 9978587
Electrical conductivity of magnetic multilayered structures.
Levy PM, Zhang S, Fert A., Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(13), 1990
PMID: 10042322
Perpendicular giant magnetoresistance of magnetic multilayers
Gijs M.A.M., Bauer G.E.W.., 1997
The conductivity of thin metallic films according to the electron theory of metals
Fuchs K.., 1938
The mean free path of electrons in metals
Sondheimer E.H.., 1952
Theory of the perpendicular magnetoresistance in magnetic multilayers.
Valet T, Fert A., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 48(10), 1993
PMID: 10006879
Giant Magnetoresistance: Theory
Tsymbal E.Y., Pettifor D.G., Maekawa S.., 2011
A unified theory of parallel and perpendicular giant magnetoresistance in metallic superlattices
Ustinov V.V., Kravtsov E.A.., 1995
Giant magnetoresistance in nonmultilayer magnetic systems.
Xiao JQ, Jiang JS, Chien CL., Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(25), 1992
PMID: 10045787
A model for giant magnetoresistance in magnetic granular solids
Kim J.H., Xiao J.Q., Chien C.L., Tesanovic Z., Xing L.., 1994
Giant magnetoresistance in the granular Co-Ag system.
Xiao JQ, Jiang JS, Chien CL., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 46(14), 1992
PMID: 10002728
Extraordinary Hall effect and giant magnetoresistance in the granular Co-Ag system.
Xiong P, Xiao G, Wang JQ, Xiao JQ, Jiang JS, Chien CL., Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(22), 1992
PMID: 10046761
Conductivity and magnetoresistance in magnetic granular films
Zhang S., Levy P.M.., 1993
Conductivity perpendicular to the plane of multilayered structures
Zhang S., Levy P.M.., 1991
Influence of the distribution of magnetic moments on the magnetization and magnetoresistance in granular alloys
Ferrari E.F., Da F.C.S., Knobel M.., 1997
Theory of giant magnetoresistance in granular alloys
Ferrari E.F., da F.C.S., Knobel M.., 1999
Modeling of nanoparticular magnetoresistive systems and the impact on molecular recognition.
Teich L, Kappe D, Rempel T, Meyer J, Schroder C, Hutten A., Sensors (Basel) 15(4), 2015
PMID: 25903554
Giant Magnetoresistance in Magnetic Nanostructures
Parkin S.S.P.., 1995
Dependence of giant magnetoresistance on grain size in Co/Cu multilayers.
Modak AR, Smith DJ, Parkin SS., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 50(6), 1994
PMID: 9976717
Microstructural characterization of Co/Cu multilayers
Modak A.R., Parkin S.S.P., Smith D.J.., 1994
Correlation of magnetotransport and structure in sputtered Co/Cu multilayers
Paul A., Damm T., Bürgler D.E., Stein S., Kohlstedt H., Grünberg P.., 2003
Interpretation of the giant magnetoresistance effect in Co/Cu(100) multilayers with the quantum model of giant magnetoresistance.
Lenczowski SK, Gijs MA, Giesbers JB, van de Veerdonk RJ , de Jonge WJ ., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 50(14), 1994
PMID: 9975081
Cobalt/Copper Multilayers: Interplay of Microstructure and GMR and Recrystallization as the Key towards Temperature Stability
Heitmann S.., 2004
Magnetotransport properties of magnetically soft spin-valve structures
Dieny B., Speriosu V.S., Metin S., Parkin S.S.P., Gurney B.A., Baumgart P., Wilhoit D.R.., 1991
Exchange bias
Nogués J., Schuller I.K.., 1999

Plumer M.L., van J., Weller D.., 2001
Helium-gefüllte Festplatten mit 8 und 10TByte
Labs L.., 2016
Integrated giant magneto resistors—A new sensor technology for automotive applications
Rössler W., Zimmer J., Bever T., Prügl K., Granig W., Hammerschmidt D., Katzmaier E.., 2006
Giant magneto resistance (GMR) Sensors: From Basis to State-of-the-Art applications
Reig C., Cardoso S., Mukhopadhyay S.., 2013
Robust GMR Sensors for Automotive Applications
Giebeler C., Kuiper T., van J.B.A.D., Doescher M., Schulz G., Oelgeschlaeger D.., 2001
Stablity investigations of GMR sensors for automotive applications
Hawraneck M., Zimmer J., Pruegl K., Raberg W., Bever T., Alff L.., 0
Magnetotransport properties of hard magnetic pinned multilayers
Rabe M., May U.M., Siegle H., Hütten A., Kämmerer S., Justus M., Reiss G.., 2004
GMR Sensoren für die Messung kleiner magnetischer Feldstärken
Bartos A., Meisenberg A., Noetzel R.., 0
Effect of annealing on the giant magnetoresistance of sputtered Co/Cu multilayers
Zhang H., Cochrane R.W., Huai Y., Mao M., Bian X., Muir W.B.., 1994
Annealing of CoCu/Cu multilayers
Ebert J., Ghafari M., Stahl B., Hahn H.., 2003
Influence of annealing on magnetoresistance of Co/Cu multilayers
Malkinski L., Wang J.-Q., Zhou W., Kondenkandath T.., 2000
Evolution of microstructure and magnetoresistance in Co/Cu multilayers during annealing
Rätzke K., Hall M.J., Jardine D.B., Shih W.C., Somekh R.E., Greer A.L.., 1999
Changes in the real structure and magnetoresistance of CoFe/Cu and CoFe/CuAgAu multilayers after annealing
Rafaja D., Ebert J., Miehe G., Martz N., Knapp M., Stahl B., Ghafari M., Hahn H., Fuess H., Schmollngruber P.., 2004
Changes in the magnetoresistive properties of first AFM Co/Cu multilayers upon annealing
Kubinski D.J., Parsons M.., 2000
Effect of annealing on magnetoresistance and microstructure of multilayered CoFe/Cu systems with different buffer layer
Bannikova N.S., Milyaev M.A., Naumova L.I., Proglyado V.V., Krinitsina T.P., Chernyshova T.A., Ustinov V.V.., 2015
Nanoanalysis of Co/Cu/NiFe thin films by tomographic atom probe
Schleiwies J., Schmitz G., Heitmann S., Hütten A.., 2001
Evolution of the GMR-effect amplitude in copper/permalloy-multilayered thin films
Hütten A., Mrozek S., Heitmann S., Hempel T., Brückl H., Reiss G.., 1999
Interplay of antiferromagnetic coupling in copper/permalloy combination multilayers
Heitmann S., Hütten A., Hempel T., Schepper W., Reiss G., Alof C.., 2000
Microstructural investigation of Cu/Co multilayer films
Larson D.J., Petford-Long A.K., Cerezo A.., 2000
Thermal reaction and stability of NiFe/Cu thin films investigated by atom probe tomography
Ene C.B., Schmitz G., Kirchheim R., Hütten A.., 2007
Thermal stability of a Co/Cu giant magnetoresistance (GMR) multilayer system.
Vovk V, Schmitz G., Ultramicroscopy 109(5), 2008
PMID: 19179012
Enhanced GMR Amplitude and Temperature Stability of Copper/Permalloy Combination Multilayers
Heitmann S., Hütten A., Hempel T., Schepper W., Reiss G.., 2001
Mismatch-induced recrystallization of giant magneto-resistance (GMR) multilayer systems
Vovk V., Schmitz G., Hütten A., Heitmann S.., 2007
Recrystalliation and Recovery
Humphreys J.F.., 1991
A biosensor based on magnetoresistance technology.
Baselt DR, Lee GU, Natesan M, Metzger SW, Sheehan PE, Colton RJ., Biosens Bioelectron 13(7-8), 1998
PMID: 9828367
Magnetoresistive sensors and magnetic nanoparticles for biotechnology
Reiss G., Brueckl H., Huetten A., Schotter J., Brzeska M., Panhorst M., Sudfeld D., Becker A., Kamp P.B., Puehler A.., 2005
Comparison of a prototype magnetoresistive biosensor to standard fluorescent DNA detection.
Schotter J, Kamp PB, Becker A, Puhler A, Reiss G, Bruckl H., Biosens Bioelectron 19(10), 2004
PMID: 15046745
New magnetic nanoparticles for biotechnology.
Hutten A, Sudfeld D, Ennen I, Reiss G, Hachmann W, Heinzmann U, Wojczykowski K, Jutzi P, Saikaly W, Thomas G., J. Biotechnol. 112(1-2), 2004
PMID: 15288940
High sensitivity detection of molecular recognition using magnetically labelled biomolecules and magnetoresistive sensors.
Graham DL, Ferreira HA, Freitas PP, Cabral JM., Biosens Bioelectron 18(4), 2003
PMID: 12604266
Antibody immobilization on magnetic particles.
Roque AC, Bispo S, Pinheiro AR, Antunes JM, Goncalves D, Ferreira HA., J. Mol. Recognit. 22(2), 2009
PMID: 18702173
Lab-on-a-Chip Magneto-Immunoassays: How to Ensure Contact between Superparamagnetic Beads and the Sensor Surface.
Eickenberg B, Meyer J, Helmich L, Kappe D, Auge A, Weddemann A, Wittbracht F, Hutten A., Biosensors (Basel) 3(3), 2013
PMID: 25586262
Biodetection using magnetically labeled biomolecules and arrays of spin valve sensors
Ferreira H.A., Graham D.L., Freitas P.P., Cabral J.M.S.., 2003
Magnetoresistive-based biosensors and biochips.
Graham DL, Ferreira HA, Freitas PP., Trends Biotechnol. 22(9), 2004
PMID: 15331226
Detection and manipulation of biomolecules by magnetic carriers.
Brzeska M, Panhorst M, Kamp PB, Schotter J, Reiss G, Puhler A, Becker A, Bruckl H., J. Biotechnol. 112(1-2), 2004
PMID: 15288938
On-chip manipulation and magnetization assessment of magnetic bead ensembles by integrated spin-valve sensors
Lagae L., Wirix-Speetjens R., Das J., Graham D., Ferreira H., Freitas P.P.P., Borghs G., de J.., 2002
Microelectromagnets for the control of magnetic nanoparticles
Lee C.S., Lee H., Westervelt R.M.., 2001
Manipulation of magnetic microbeads in suspension using micromagnetic systems fabricated with soft lithography
Deng T., Whitesides G.M., Radhakrishnan M., Zabow G., Prentiss M.., 2001
Magnetic separation from superparamagnetic particle suspensions
Sinha A., Ganguly R., Puri I.K.., 2009
Manipulation of magnetic nanoparticles by the strayfield of magnetically patterned ferromagnetic layers
Ennen I., Höink V., Weddemann A., Hütten A., Schmalhorst J., Reiss G., Waltenberg C., Jutzi P., Weis T., Engel D.., 2007
Optical leaky waveguide sensor for detection of bacteria with ultrasound attractor force.
Zourob M, Hawkes JJ, Coakley WT, Treves Brown BJ, Fielden PR, McDonnell MB, Goddard NJ., Anal. Chem. 77(19), 2005
PMID: 16194074
Ultrasonic deposition of cells on a surface.
Hawkes JJ, Long MJ, Coakley WT, McDonnell MB., Biosens Bioelectron 19(9), 2004
PMID: 15018957
Positioning system for particles in microfluidic structures
Weddemann A., Wittbracht F., Auge A., Hütten A.., 2009
Magnetic ratchet for biotechnological applications
Auge A., Weddemann A., Wittbracht F., Hütten A.., 2009
Artificial Brownian motors: Controlling transport on the nanoscale
Hänggi P., Marchesoni F.., 2009
Giant magnetoresistance in heterogeneous Cu-Co alloys.
Berkowitz AE, Mitchell JR, Carey MJ, Young AP, Zhang S, Spada FE, Parker FT, Hutten A, Thomas G., Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(25), 1992
PMID: 10045786
Giant Magnetoresistance in Heterogeneous Cu-Co and Ag-Co Alloy-Films
Berkowitz A.E., Mitchell J.R., Carey M.J., Young A.P., Rao D., Starr A., Zhang S., Spada F.E., Parker F.T., Hütten A.., 1993
Effect of magnetic interactions and multiple magnetic phases on the giant magnetoresistance of heterogeneous cobalt-silver thin films.
Gregg JF, Thompson SM, Dawson SJ, Ounadjela K, Staddon CR, Hamman J, Fermon C, Saux G, O'Grady K., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 49(2), 1994
PMID: 10010411
Investigation of heterogeneous CuCo alloys with giant magnetoresistance
Hütten A., Thomas G.., 1993
Magnetic properties and giant magnetoresistance of melt-spun granular Cu100-x-Cox alloys.
Allia P, Knobel M, Tiberto P, Vinai F., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 52(21), 1995
PMID: 9980898
TEM investigation of multilayered structures in heterogeneous Au-Co alloys
Bernadi J., Hütten A., Friedrichs S., Echer C.E., Thomas G.., 1995
Electron microscopy of giant magnetoresistive granular Au-Co alloys
Bernardi J., Hütten A., Thomas G.., 1996
GMR behavior of nanostructured heterogeneous M-Co (M = Cu, Ag, Au) alloys
Bernardi J., Hütten A., Thomas G.., 1996
Giant magnetoresistance in pseudo-binary bulk alloys
Hütten A., Handstein A., Eckert D., Muller H.K., Schultz L.., 1996
Microstructural Influence on magnetic properties and giant magnetoresistance of melt-spun gold-cobalt
Hütten A., Bernadi J., Friedrichs S., Thomas G., Balcells L.., 1995
Giant magnetoresistance and Co-cluster structure in phase-separated Co-Cu granular alloys.
Rabedeau TA, Toney MF, Marks RF, Parkin SS, Farrow RF, Harp GR., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 48(22), 1993
PMID: 10008270
A phenomenological theory of the granular size effect on the giant magnetoresistance of granular films
Wang C., Guo Z., Rong Y., Hsu T.Y., Zuyao H.., 2004
Giant magnetoresistance in electro-deposited Co-Cu granular film
Ge S., Li H., Li C., Xi L., Li W., Chi J.., 2000
Study on GMR in Co-Ag thin granular films
Sang H., Jiang Z.S., Guo G., Ji J.T., Zhang S.Y., Du Y.W.., 1995
Giant magnetoresistance of magnetic granular films in an effective medium theory
Zhang W., Yang R.., 1999
Giant negative magnetoresistance in granular ferromagnetic systems
Chien C.L., Xiao J.Q., Jiang S.J.., 1993
Giant magnetoresistance studies in (Fe, Co)-Ag films
Tsoukatos A., Wan H., Hadjipanayis G.C., Unruh K.M., Li Z.G.., 1993
Study of giant magnetoresistance behavior in sputter-deposited Cr-Fe alloy films
Sugawara T., Takanashi K., Hono K., Fujimori H.., 1996
Spin-dependent electronic transport in granular ferromagnets.
Milner A, Gerber A, Groisman B, Karpovsky M, Gladkikh A., Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(3), 1996
PMID: 10061466
Giant magnetoresistance and superparamagnetic grains in Co–Ag granular films
Honda S., Nawate M., Tanaka M., Okada T.., 1997
CoFe–Cu granular alloys: From noninteracting particles to magnetic percolation
Franco V., Batlle X., Labarta L.., 1999
Magnetic properties and giant magnetoresistance in electrodeposited Co–Ag granular films
Kenane S., Voirona J., Benbrahim N., Chainet E., Robaut F.., 2006
Magnetic coupling in metallic granular systems.
Altbir D, d'Albuquerque e Castro J , Vargas P., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 54(10), 1996
PMID: 9984389
Giant magnetoresistance in bulk materials
Hütten A., Muller K.H.., 1997
Giant magnetoresistance in hybrid magnetic nanostructures including both layers and clusters.
Holody P, Steren LB, Morel R, Fert A, Loloee R, Schroeder PA., Phys. Rev., B Condens. Matter 50(17), 1994
PMID: 9975475
Giant Magnetoresistance at Low Fields in Discontinuous NiFe-Ag Multilayer Thin Films.
Hylton TL, Coffey KR, Parker MA, Howard JK., Science 261(5124), 1993
PMID: 17739621
Magnetoresistive properties and thermal stability of Ni-Fe/Ag multilayers
Rodmacq B., Palumbo G., Gerard P.., 1993
Annealing of Co/Ag multilayers
Tosin G., Schelp L.F., Carara M., Schmidt J.E., Gomes A.A., Baibich M.N.., 1993
From Magnetic Nanoparticles to Magnetoresistive Biosensors
Ennen I., Albon C., Weddemann A., Auge A., Hedwig P., Wittbracht F., Regtmeier A., Akemeier D., Dreyer A., Peter M.., 2012
Colloidal nanocrystal shape and size control: the case of cobalt.
Puntes VF, Krishnan KM, Alivisatos AP., Science 291(5511), 2001
PMID: 11251109
Synthesis, self-assembly, and magnetic behavior of a two-dimensional superlattice of single-crystal ε-Co nanoparticles
Puntes V.F., Krishnan K.M., Alivisatos A.P.., 2001
Thickness dependence of magneto-transport in Cu-Co granular thin films
Wang J.Q., Dao N., Kim N.H., Whittenburg S.L.., 2004
Spinodal induced homogeneous nanostructures in magnetoresistive CoCu granular thin films
Mebed A.M., Howe J.M.., 2006
Magnetic domain structures and magnetotransport properties in Co-Ag granular thin films
Chen Y.Y., Ding J., Si L., Cheung W.Y., Wong S.P., Wilson I.H., Suzuki T.., 2001
From the superparamagnetic to the magnetically ordered state in systems of transition metal clusters embedded in matrices
Dupuis V., Tuaillon J., Prevel B., Perez A., Melinon P., Guiraud G., Parent F., Steren L.B., Morel R., Barthelemy A.., 1997
A model system for the GMR in granular systems: Well-defined Co clusters embedded in an Ag matrix
Rubin S., Holdenried M., Micklitz H.., 1999
Systematic studies of tunneling magnetoresistance in granular films made from well-defined Co clusters
Holdenried M., Hackenbroich B., Micklitz H.., 2001
Transport in superlattices of magnetic nanoparticles: coulomb blockade, hysteresis, and switching induced by a magnetic field.
Tan RP, Carrey J, Desvaux C, Grisolia J, Renaud P, Chaudret B, Respaud M., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(17), 2007
PMID: 17995360
3000% high-field magnetoresistance in super-lattices of CoFe nanoparticles
Tan R.P., Carrey J., Respaud M., Desvaux C., Renaud P., Chaudret B.., 2008
Review and outlook: from single nanoparticles to self-assembled monolayers and granular GMR sensors.
Weddemann A, Ennen I, Regtmeier A, Albon C, Wolff A, Eckstadt K, Mill N, Peter MK, Mattay J, Plattner C, Sewald N, Hutten A., Beilstein J Nanotechnol 1(), 2010
PMID: 21977397
Magnetoresistance in granular metallic systems
Vargas P., Altbir D., d’Albuquerque J., Raff U.., 1997
Giant magnetoresistance effects in gel-like matrices
Meyer J., Rempel T., Schäfers M., Wittbracht F., Müller C., Patel A., Hütten A.., 2013

Meyer J.., 2013

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Quellen

PMID: 27322277
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar