Implicit processing goals combine with explicit goal standards to motivate performance through underlying comparison processes

Bittner JV (2011)
European Journal of Social Psychology 41(2): 210-219.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht| Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
This research investigated whether explicit goals interact with implicit processing goals that are activated simultaneously. Based on the idea that (a) explicit goals are used as comparison standards, and (b) implicit processing goals have motivational consequences by influencing the process of comparison with those standards, these studies elucidate the mechanism by which explicit and implicit goals combine to influence task performance. Study 1 demonstrated that a primed goal to process similarities versus differences interacted with explicit goal standards in influencing subsequent task performance. High explicit goals resulted in better performance when participants had the implicit goal of processing similarities, whereas low explicit goals resulted in better performance when the implicit goal was processing differences. Study 2 provided evidence that perceived similarity to a target person is a critical factor for the pursuit of explicit goals and that this similarity influences task performance in the same way as the primed goal to process similarities. Study 3 indicated that processing similarities results from assimilation to a moderately high goal, whereas processing differences is the result of contrasting away from an extremely high goal. These findings confirm that implicit processing of similarities versus differences has a combined influence with explicit goals on task performance.
Stichworte
goals; motivation; information processing; social comparison
Erscheinungsjahr
2011
Zeitschriftentitel
European Journal of Social Psychology
Band
41
Ausgabe
2
Seite(n)
210-219
ISSN
0046-2772
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2904016

Zitieren

Bittner JV. Implicit processing goals combine with explicit goal standards to motivate performance through underlying comparison processes. European Journal of Social Psychology. 2011;41(2):210-219.
Bittner, J. V. (2011). Implicit processing goals combine with explicit goal standards to motivate performance through underlying comparison processes. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41(2), 210-219. doi:10.1002/ejsp.768
Bittner, J. V. (2011). Implicit processing goals combine with explicit goal standards to motivate performance through underlying comparison processes. European Journal of Social Psychology 41, 210-219.
Bittner, J.V., 2011. Implicit processing goals combine with explicit goal standards to motivate performance through underlying comparison processes. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41(2), p 210-219.
J.V. Bittner, “Implicit processing goals combine with explicit goal standards to motivate performance through underlying comparison processes”, European Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 41, 2011, pp. 210-219.
Bittner, J.V.: Implicit processing goals combine with explicit goal standards to motivate performance through underlying comparison processes. European Journal of Social Psychology. 41, 210-219 (2011).
Bittner, Jenny Verena. “Implicit processing goals combine with explicit goal standards to motivate performance through underlying comparison processes”. European Journal of Social Psychology 41.2 (2011): 210-219.
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