A cognitive network for oracle bone characters related to animals

Dress A, Gruenewald S, Zeng Z (2016)
International Journal of Modern Physics B 30(4): 1630001.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Dress, AndreasUniBi; Gruenewald, Stefan; Zeng, Zhenbing
Abstract / Bemerkung
In this paper, we present an analysis of oracle bone characters for animals from a "cognitive" point of view. After some general remarks on oracle-bone characters presented in Sec. 1 and a short outline of the paper in Sec. 2, we collect various oracle-bone characters for animals from published resources in Sec. 3. In the next section, we begin analyzing a group of 60 ancient animal characters from www.zdic.net, a highly acclaimed internet dictionary of Chinese characters that is strictly based on historical sources, and introduce five categories of specific features regarding their (graphical) structure that will be used in Sec. 5 to associate corresponding feature vectors to these characters. In Sec. 6, these feature vectors will be used to investigate their dissimilarity in terms of a family of parameterized distance measures. And in the last section, we apply the SplitsTree method as encoded in the NeighborNet algorithms to construct a corresponding family of dissimilarity-based networks with the intention of elucidating how the ancient Chinese might have perceived the "animal world" in the late bronze age and to demonstrate that these pictographs reflect an intuitive understanding of this world and its inherent structure that predates its classification in the oldest surviving Chinese encyclopedia from approximately the third century BC, the Er Ya, as well as similar classification systems in the West by one to two millennia. We also present an English dictionary of 70 oracle bone characters for animals in Appendix A. In Appendix B, we list various variants of animal characters that were published in the Jia Gu Wen Bian (cf., A Complete Collection of Oracle Bone Characters, edited by the Institute of Archaeology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, published by the Zhonghua Book Company in 1965). We recall the frequencies of the 521 most frequent oracle bone characters in Appendix C as reported in [T. Chen, Yin-Shang Jiaguwen Zixing Xitong Zai Yanjiu, (The Structural System of Oracle Inscriptions) (Shanghai Renmin Chubanshe, Shanghai, 2010); Jiaguwen Shiwen Yongzi Pinlu Biao (A Frequency List of Oracle Characters), Center for the Study and Application of Chinese Characters (East China Normal University, Shanghai, 2010), http://www.wenzi.cn/en/default.aspx. And in Appendix D, we list the animals registered in the last five chapters of the Er Ya.
Stichworte
Oracle bone scripts; oracle bone characters; (ancient) Chinese; pictographs; (ancient) Chinese characters; animal characters; ancient; animal classification; the Er Ya; Aristoteles; Krauterbucher; similarity; dissimilarity; cognitive networks; phylogenetic analysis; phylogenetic trees; phylogenetic networks; split networks; SplitsTree; algorithm; NeighborNet algorithm
Erscheinungsjahr
2016
Zeitschriftentitel
International Journal of Modern Physics B
Band
30
Ausgabe
4
Art.-Nr.
1630001
ISSN
0217-9792
eISSN
1793-6578
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2902125

Zitieren

Dress A, Gruenewald S, Zeng Z. A cognitive network for oracle bone characters related to animals. International Journal of Modern Physics B. 2016;30(4): 1630001.
Dress, A., Gruenewald, S., & Zeng, Z. (2016). A cognitive network for oracle bone characters related to animals. International Journal of Modern Physics B, 30(4), 1630001. doi:10.1142/S0217979216300012
Dress, A., Gruenewald, S., and Zeng, Z. (2016). A cognitive network for oracle bone characters related to animals. International Journal of Modern Physics B 30:1630001.
Dress, A., Gruenewald, S., & Zeng, Z., 2016. A cognitive network for oracle bone characters related to animals. International Journal of Modern Physics B, 30(4): 1630001.
A. Dress, S. Gruenewald, and Z. Zeng, “A cognitive network for oracle bone characters related to animals”, International Journal of Modern Physics B, vol. 30, 2016, : 1630001.
Dress, A., Gruenewald, S., Zeng, Z.: A cognitive network for oracle bone characters related to animals. International Journal of Modern Physics B. 30, : 1630001 (2016).
Dress, Andreas, Gruenewald, Stefan, and Zeng, Zhenbing. “A cognitive network for oracle bone characters related to animals”. International Journal of Modern Physics B 30.4 (2016): 1630001.

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