Perceptual-cognitive changes during motor learning: The influence of mental and physical practice on mental representation, gaze behavior, and performance of a complex action

Frank C, Land WM, Schack T (2016)
Frontiers in Psychology 6: 1981.

Download
OA 892.06 KB
Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Volltext vorhanden für diesen Nachweis
Abstract / Bemerkung
Despite the wealth of research on differences between experts and novices with respect to their perceptual-cognitive background (e.g., mental representations, gaze behavior), little is known about the change of these perceptual-cognitive components over the course of motor learning. In the present study, changes in one’s mental representation, quiet eye behavior, and outcome performance were examined over the course of skill acquisition as it related to physical and mental practice. Novices (N = 45) were assigned to one of three conditions: physical practice, combined physical plus mental practice, and no practice. Participants in the practice groups trained on a golf putting task over the course of 3 days, either by repeatedly executing the putt, or by both executing and imaging the putt. Findings revealed improvements in putting performance across both practice conditions. Regarding the perceptual-cognitive changes, participants practicing mentally and physically revealed longer quiet eye durations as well as more elaborate representation structures in comparison to the control group, while this was not the case for participants who underwent physical practice only. Thus, in the present study, combined mental and physical practice led to both formation of mental representations in long-term memory and longer quiet eye durations. Interestingly, the length of the quiet eye directly related to the degree of elaborateness of the underlying mental representation, supporting the notion that the quiet eye reflects cognitive processing. This study is the first to show that the quiet eye becomes longer in novices practicing a motor action. Moreover, the findings of the present study suggest that perceptual and cognitive adaptations co-occur over the course of motor learning.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Frontiers in Psychology
Band
6
Art.-Nr.
1981
ISSN
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
PUB-ID

Zitieren

Frank C, Land WM, Schack T. Perceptual-cognitive changes during motor learning: The influence of mental and physical practice on mental representation, gaze behavior, and performance of a complex action. Frontiers in Psychology. 2016;6: 1981.
Frank, C., Land, W. M., & Schack, T. (2016). Perceptual-cognitive changes during motor learning: The influence of mental and physical practice on mental representation, gaze behavior, and performance of a complex action. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1981. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01981
Frank, C., Land, W. M., and Schack, T. (2016). Perceptual-cognitive changes during motor learning: The influence of mental and physical practice on mental representation, gaze behavior, and performance of a complex action. Frontiers in Psychology 6:1981.
Frank, C., Land, W.M., & Schack, T., 2016. Perceptual-cognitive changes during motor learning: The influence of mental and physical practice on mental representation, gaze behavior, and performance of a complex action. Frontiers in Psychology, 6: 1981.
C. Frank, W.M. Land, and T. Schack, “Perceptual-cognitive changes during motor learning: The influence of mental and physical practice on mental representation, gaze behavior, and performance of a complex action”, Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 6, 2016, : 1981.
Frank, C., Land, W.M., Schack, T.: Perceptual-cognitive changes during motor learning: The influence of mental and physical practice on mental representation, gaze behavior, and performance of a complex action. Frontiers in Psychology. 6, : 1981 (2016).
Frank, Cornelia, Land, William Marshall, and Schack, Thomas. “Perceptual-cognitive changes during motor learning: The influence of mental and physical practice on mental representation, gaze behavior, and performance of a complex action”. Frontiers in Psychology 6 (2016): 1981.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Copyright Statement:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. [...]
Volltext(e)
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
2017-02-28T11:54:56Z

76 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

The cognitive structure of movements in classical dance.
Bläsing B., Tenenbaum G., Schack T.., 2009
A power primer.
Cohen J., Psychol Bull 112(1), 1992
PMID: 19565683
Does mental practice enhance performance?
Driskell J., Copper C., Moran A.., 1994
Development of elite performance and deliberate practice. An update from the perspective of the expert performance approach
Ericsson K.., 2003
Deliberate practice and the modifiability of body and mind: toward a science of structure and acquisition of expert and elite performance.
Ericsson K.., 2007
Prospects and limits of the empirical study of expertise: an introduction
Ericsson K., Smith J.., 1991
The effects of mental practice on motor skill learning and performance: a meta-analysis.
Feltz D., Landers D.., 1983
A revised meta-analysis of the mental practice literature on motor skill learning
Feltz D., Landers D., Becker B.., 1988

Frank C.., 2014
Mental representation and learning: the influence of practice on the development of mental representation structure in complex action.
Frank C., Land W., Schack T.., 2013
Research design and mental practice.
Goginsky AM, Collins D., J Sports Sci 14(5), 1996
PMID: 8941909
Identifying the causal mechanisms of the quiet eye.
Gonzalez CC, Causer J, Miall RC, Grey MJ, Humphreys G, Williams AM., Eur J Sport Sci 17(1), 2015
PMID: 26356536
Mental practice: a review.
Grouios G.., 1992
Coupling movement with imagery as a new perspective for motor imagery practice.
Guillot A, Moschberger K, Collet C., Behav Brain Funct 9(), 2013
PMID: 23425312
Measuring movement imagery abilities: a revision of the movement imagery questionnaire.
Hall C., Martin K.., 1997

Hill L.., 2007
The effects of mental practice on motor skill performance: critical evaluation and meta-analysis.
Hinshaw K.., 1991

Hoffmann J.., 1986
Über die Integration von Wissen in die Verhaltenssteuerung [On the integration of knowledge into the control of behavior].
Hoffmann J.., 1990

Hoffmann J.., 1993
A simple sequentially rejective multiple test procedure.
Holm S.., 1979
The PETTLEP approach to motor imagery: a functional equivalence model for sport psychologists.
Holmes P., Collins D.., 2001
The Theory of Event Coding (TEC): a framework for perception and action planning.
Hommel B, Musseler J, Aschersleben G, Prinz W., Behav Brain Sci 24(5), 2001
PMID: 12239891
Expertise differences in cortical activation and gaze behavior during rifle shooting.
Janelle C., Hillman C., Apparies R., Murray N., Meili L., Fallon E.., 2000
The representing brain: neural correlates of motor intention and imagery.
Jeannerod M.., 1994
Mental imagery in the motor context.
Jeannerod M., Neuropsychologia 33(11), 1995
PMID: 8584178
Actions from within.
Jeannerod M.., 2004

Jeannerod M.., 2006
The functional equivalence of imagery and movement.
Johnson P.., 1980
Finale fixationen, sportmotorische leistung und eine Inhibitionshypothese. Mechanismen des “Quiet Eye.”
Klostermann A.., 2014
The quiet eye without a target: the primacy of visual information processing.
Klostermann A, Kredel R, Hossner EJ., J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 40(6), 2014
PMID: 25314047
The impact of attentional focus on the development of skill representation in a complex action.
Land W., Frank C., Schack T.., 2014
Ein methodischer ansatz zur ermittlung der struktur und der dimensionierung einer intern-repräsentierten begriffsmenge [A methodical approach for the investigation of the structure and the dimension of an internally represented set of concepts].
Lander H.-J.., 1991
Eine differentialpsychologische analyse begrifflich-strukturierten Wissens [An analysis on individual differences of conceptually-structured knowledge].
Lander H.-J.., 1992

Magill R.., 2011
Perceptual-cognitive expertise in sport: a meta-analysis.
Mann DT, Williams AM, Ward P, Janelle CM., J Sport Exerc Psychol 29(4), 2007
PMID: 17968048
Categorization of natural objects.
Mervis C., Rosch E.., 1981
Re-imagining motor imagery: building bridges between cognitive neuroscience and sport psychology.
Moran A, Guillot A, Macintyre T, Collet C., Br J Psychol 103(2), 2011
PMID: 22506748
Cognitive motor processes: the role of motor imagery in the study of motor representations.
Munzert J, Lorey B, Zentgraf K., Brain Res Rev 60(2), 2009
PMID: 19167426
Mechanisms of skill acquisition and the law of practice
Newell A., Rosenbloom P.., 1981
Objective criteria for the evaluation of clustering methods.
Rand W.., 1971
Principles of categorization
Rosch E.., 1978
Family resemblances: studies in the internal structure of categories.
Rosch E., Mervis D.., 1975
On the use of the adjusted rand index as a metric for evaluating supervised classification
Santos J., Embrechts M.., 2009

Schack T.., 2002
Kognition und emotion
Schack T.., 2003
The cognitive architecture of complex movement.
Schack T.., 2004
Mentales training
Schack T.., 2006
Measuring mental representations
Schack T.., 2012
Representation of motor skills in human long-term memory.
Schack T, Mechsner F., Neurosci. Lett. 391(3), 2005
PMID: 16266782
Representation and learning in motor action: bridges between experimental research and cognitive robotics.
Schack T., Ritter H.., 2013

Schmidt R., Lee T.., 2011
Mental practice, motor performance, and the late CNV.
Smith D., Collins D.., 2004
Beating the bunker: the effect of PETTLEP imagery on golf bunker shot performance.
Smith D, Wright CJ, Cantwell C., Res Q Exerc Sport 79(3), 2008
PMID: 18816950
The mental representation of the human gait in young and older adults.
Stockel T, Jacksteit R, Behrens M, Skripitz R, Bader R, Mau-Moeller A., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 26236249
Functional mental representation of volleyball routines in German youth female national players.
Velentzas K., Heinen T., Tenenbaum G., Schack T.., 2010
Gaze control in putting.
Vickers JN., Perception 21(1), 1992
PMID: 1528699
Visual control when aiming at a far target.
Vickers JN., J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 22(2), 1996
PMID: 8934848

Vickers J.., 2007
Quiet eye and choking: online control breaks down at the point of performance failure.
Vine SJ, Lee D, Moore LJ, Wilson MR., Med Sci Sports Exerc 45(10), 2013
PMID: 23542893
Quiet eye training facilitates competitive putting performance in elite golfers.
Vine SJ, Moore LJ, Wilson MR., Front Psychol 2(), 2011
PMID: 21713182
Quiet eye training: effects on learning and performance under pressure.
Vine S., Wilson M.., 2010
Functional equivalence or behavioural matching: a critical reflection on 15 years of research using the PETTLEP model of motor imagery.
Wakefield C., Smith D., Moran A., Holmes P.., 2013
Quiet eye duration, expertise, and task complexity in near and far aiming tasks.
Williams AM, Singer RN, Frehlich SG., J Mot Behav 34(2), 2002
PMID: 12057892
Visuomotor control of straight and breaking golf putts.
Wilson MR, Pearcy RC., Percept Mot Skills 109(2), 2009
PMID: 20038009
The impact of visual illusions on perception, action planning, and motor performance.
Wood G, Vine SJ, Wilson MR., Atten Percept Psychophys 75(5), 2013
PMID: 23757046
Focusing attention instructions, accuracy, and quiet eye in a self-paced task: an exploratory study.
Ziv G., Lidor R.., 2015

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Quellen

PMID: 26779089
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar