Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis

Czerwinski F, Finne E, Kolip P, Bucksch J (2015)
BMC Public Health 15: 393.

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Abstract / Bemerkung
Background Young people spend half of their days in school, but evidence concerning the influence of school environment on the physical activity (PA) of pupils is still inconsistent. A better understanding of potential correlates of PA on the school-level and their possible interaction with individual aspects is needed to improve the development of more effective interventions. Methods We used data from the 2009/10 German Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study (HBSC)-sample (n=5,005 students aged 11–15 years) including self-reported moderate to vigorous intensity PA as well as a variety of biological, demographic and behavioral correlates and matched them with school-level data from the national school principals’ HBSC questionnaire. We analyzed the associations of individual- and school-level correlates with MVPA by gender-specific multi-level regression. Results Only a small share of the overall variation in student’s PA was attributable to the school-level. Consequently, the associations of individual-level correlates with PA were stronger than those of the school-level. Our analysis revealed significant associations of individual-level (i.e. age, consumption of softdrinks, overweight) as well as school-level correlates (i.e. the availability of a football ground and a swimming pool) with MVPA. We also observed some gender-specific findings especially for the school level correlates. Cross-level interactions between individual- and school-level were not apparent. Conclusions Our findings indicate the usefulness of applying an ecological framework to understand and explain complex health behaviors like PA. As we found gender-specific association it might be important to acknowledge that boys and girls have specific needs to be more physically active. Further research should also take other features/elements of the school environment and neighborhood as well as socio-cognitive correlates into account to advance the field.
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BMC Public Health
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15
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393
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Czerwinski F, Finne E, Kolip P, Bucksch J. Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis. BMC Public Health. 2015;15: 393.
Czerwinski, F., Finne, E., Kolip, P., & Bucksch, J. (2015). Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis. BMC Public Health, 15, 393. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1715-4
Czerwinski, F., Finne, E., Kolip, P., and Bucksch, J. (2015). Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis. BMC Public Health 15:393.
Czerwinski, F., et al., 2015. Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis. BMC Public Health, 15: 393.
F. Czerwinski, et al., “Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis”, BMC Public Health, vol. 15, 2015, : 393.
Czerwinski, F., Finne, E., Kolip, P., Bucksch, J.: Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis. BMC Public Health. 15, : 393 (2015).
Czerwinski, Fabian, Finne, Emily, Kolip, Petra, and Bucksch, Jens. “Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis”. BMC Public Health 15 (2015): 393.
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