Carnivorous leaves from Baltic amber

Sadowski E-M, Seyfullah LJ, Friederike S, Fleischmann A, Behling H, Schmidt AR (2015)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112(1): 190-195.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Sadowski, Eva-Maria; Seyfullah, Leyla J.; Friederike, SadowskiUniBi; Fleischmann, Andreas; Behling, Hermann; Schmidt, Alexander R.
Abstract / Bemerkung
The fossil record of carnivorous plants is very scarce and macro-fossil evidence has been restricted to seeds of the extant aquatic genus Aldrovanda of the Droseraceae family. No case of carnivorous plant traps has so far been reported from the fossil record. Here, we present two angiosperm leaves enclosed in a piece of Eocene Baltic amber that share relevant morphological features with extant Roridulaceae, a carnivorous plant family that is today endemic to the Cape flora of South Africa. Modern Roridula species are unique among carnivorous plants as they digest prey in a complex mutualistic association in which the prey-derived nutrient uptake depends on heteropteran insects. As in extant Roridula, the fossil leaves possess two types of plant trichomes, including unicellular hairs and five size classes of multicellular stalked glands (or tentacles) with an apical pore. The apices of the narrow and perfectly tapered fossil leaves end in a single tentacle, as in both modern Roridula species. The glandular hairs of the fossils are restricted to the leaf margins and to the abaxial lamina, as in extant Roridula gorgonias. Our discovery supports current molecular age estimates for Roridulaceae and suggests a wide Eocene distribution of roridulid plants.
Stichworte
plant carnivory; Roridulaceae; Eocene; Ericales
Erscheinungsjahr
2015
Zeitschriftentitel
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Band
112
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
190-195
ISSN
0027-8424
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2719008

Zitieren

Sadowski E-M, Seyfullah LJ, Friederike S, Fleischmann A, Behling H, Schmidt AR. Carnivorous leaves from Baltic amber. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2015;112(1):190-195.
Sadowski, E. - M., Seyfullah, L. J., Friederike, S., Fleischmann, A., Behling, H., & Schmidt, A. R. (2015). Carnivorous leaves from Baltic amber. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(1), 190-195. doi:10.1073/pnas.1414777111
Sadowski, E. - M., Seyfullah, L. J., Friederike, S., Fleischmann, A., Behling, H., and Schmidt, A. R. (2015). Carnivorous leaves from Baltic amber. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112, 190-195.
Sadowski, E.-M., et al., 2015. Carnivorous leaves from Baltic amber. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(1), p 190-195.
E.-M. Sadowski, et al., “Carnivorous leaves from Baltic amber”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 112, 2015, pp. 190-195.
Sadowski, E.-M., Seyfullah, L.J., Friederike, S., Fleischmann, A., Behling, H., Schmidt, A.R.: Carnivorous leaves from Baltic amber. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112, 190-195 (2015).
Sadowski, Eva-Maria, Seyfullah, Leyla J., Friederike, Sadowski, Fleischmann, Andreas, Behling, Hermann, and Schmidt, Alexander R. “Carnivorous leaves from Baltic amber”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112.1 (2015): 190-195.

5 Zitationen in Europe PMC

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