Nonautosomal Genetic Variation in Carotenoid Coloration

Evans SR, Schielzeth H, Forstmeier W, Sheldon BC, Husby A (2014)
The American Naturalist 184(3): 374-383.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Es wurden keine Dateien hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Evans, Simon R.; Schielzeth, HolgerUniBi ; Forstmeier, Wolfgang; Sheldon, Ben C.; Husby, Arild
Abstract / Bemerkung
Carotenoid-based coloration plays an important role in signaling, is often sexually dimorphic, and is potentially subject to directional and/or sex-specific selection. To understand the evolutionary dynamics of such color traits, it is essential to quantify patterns of inheritance, yet nonautosomal sources of genetic variation are easily overlooked by classical heritability analyses. Carotenoid metabolism has recently been linked to mitochondria, highlighting the potential for color variation to be explained by cytoplasmically inherited factors. In this study, we used quantitative genetic animal models to estimate the importance of mitochondrial and sex chromosome–linked sources of genetic variation in coloration in two songbird populations in which dietary carotenoids are either unmodified (great tit plumage) or metabolized into alternative color forms (zebra finch beak).We found no significant Z-linked genetic variance in great tit plumage coloration, while zebra finch beak coloration exhibited significant W linkage and cytoplasmic inheritance. Our results support cytoplasmic inheritance of color in the zebra finch, a trait based on endogenously metabolized carotenoids, and demonstrate the potential for nonautosomal sources to account for a considerable share of genetic variation in coloration. Although often overlooked, such nonautosomal genetic variation exhibits sex-dependent patterns of inheritance and potentially influences the evolution of sexual dichromatism.
great tit; mitochondria; W linkage; Z linkage; zebra finch; cytoplasmic inheritance
The American Naturalist
Page URI


Evans SR, Schielzeth H, Forstmeier W, Sheldon BC, Husby A. Nonautosomal Genetic Variation in Carotenoid Coloration. The American Naturalist. 2014;184(3):374-383.
Evans, S. R., Schielzeth, H., Forstmeier, W., Sheldon, B. C., & Husby, A. (2014). Nonautosomal Genetic Variation in Carotenoid Coloration. The American Naturalist, 184(3), 374-383. doi:10.1086/677397
Evans, S. R., Schielzeth, H., Forstmeier, W., Sheldon, B. C., and Husby, A. (2014). Nonautosomal Genetic Variation in Carotenoid Coloration. The American Naturalist 184, 374-383.
Evans, S.R., et al., 2014. Nonautosomal Genetic Variation in Carotenoid Coloration. The American Naturalist, 184(3), p 374-383.
S.R. Evans, et al., “Nonautosomal Genetic Variation in Carotenoid Coloration”, The American Naturalist, vol. 184, 2014, pp. 374-383.
Evans, S.R., Schielzeth, H., Forstmeier, W., Sheldon, B.C., Husby, A.: Nonautosomal Genetic Variation in Carotenoid Coloration. The American Naturalist. 184, 374-383 (2014).
Evans, Simon R., Schielzeth, Holger, Forstmeier, Wolfgang, Sheldon, Ben C., and Husby, Arild. “Nonautosomal Genetic Variation in Carotenoid Coloration”. The American Naturalist 184.3 (2014): 374-383.

4 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Colour ornamentation in the blue tit: quantitative genetic (co)variances across sexes.
Charmantier A, Wolak ME, Grégoire A, Fargevieille A, Doutrelant C., Heredity (Edinb) 118(2), 2017
PMID: 27577691
Within-population Y-linked genetic variation for lifespan in Drosophila melanogaster.
Griffin RM, Le Gall D, Schielzeth H, Friberg U., J Evol Biol 28(11), 2015
PMID: 26230387
Selection and inheritance of sexually dimorphic juvenile plumage coloration.
Tringali A, Bowman R, Husby A., Ecol Evol 5(22), 2015
PMID: 30151142

47 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Are all sex chromosomes created equal?
Bachtrog D, Kirkpatrick M, Mank JE, McDaniel SF, Pires JC, Rice W, Valenzuela N., Trends Genet. 27(9), 2011
PMID: 21962970
Intra-sexual selection in Drosophila.
BATEMAN AJ., Heredity (Edinb) 2(Pt. 3), 1948
PMID: 18103134
Low mitochondrial variability in birds may indicate Hill-Robertson effects on the W chromosome.
Berlin S, Tomaras D, Charlesworth B., Heredity (Edinb) 99(4), 2007
PMID: 17551522



Brush, Auk 93(), 1976

Burley, Ethology 76(), 1987

Evolutionary implications of non-neutral mitochondrial genetic variation.
Dowling DK, Friberg U, Lindell J., Trends Ecol. Evol. (Amst.) 23(10), 2008
PMID: 18722688

———, Environmental Biology of Fishes 9(), 1983
Age, sex and beauty: methodological dependence of age‐ and sex‐dichromatism in the great tit Parus major
EVANS SR, HINKS AE, WILKIN TA, SHELDON BC., Biol. J. Linn. Soc. Lond. 101(4), 2010
PMID: IND44456192


Garmyn, Journal of Animal Science 89(), 2011

Gibson, Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences 269(), 2002

Grafen, Journal of Theoretical Biology 144(), 1990

Testing the phenotypic gambit: phenotypic, genetic and environmental correlations of colour.
Hadfield JD, Nutall A, Osorio D, Owens IP., J. Evol. Biol. 20(2), 2007
PMID: 17305821
Mitochondrial DNA: an important female contribution to thoroughbred racehorse performance.
Harrison SP, Turrion-Gomez JL., Mitochondrion 6(2), 2006
PMID: 16516561

Sex chromosome linked genetic variance and the evolution of sexual dimorphism of quantitative traits.
Husby A, Schielzeth H, Forstmeier W, Gustafsson L, Qvarnstrom A., Evolution 67(3), 2012
PMID: 23461313
Paternal leakage of mitochondrial DNA in the great tit (Parus major).
Kvist L, Martens J, Nazarenko AA, Orell M., Mol. Biol. Evol. 20(2), 2003
PMID: 12598691
Extreme polymorphism in a Y-linked sexually selected trait.
Lindholm AK, Brooks R, Breden F., Heredity (Edinb) 92(3), 2004
PMID: 14735138
Basal metabolic rate can evolve independently of morphological and behavioural traits.
Mathot KJ, Martin K, Kempenaers B, Forstmeier W., Heredity (Edinb) 111(3), 2013
PMID: 23632896

McGraw, Journal of Avian Biology 35(), 2004
Anhydrolutein in the zebra finch: a new, metabolically derived carotenoid in birds.
McGraw KJ, Adkins-Regan E, Parker RS., Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, Biochem. Mol. Biol. 132(4), 2002
PMID: 12128067


Morrissey, Molecular Ecology Resources 10(), 2010

Niemi, European Journal of Human Genetics 13(), 2005

Partali, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 87(), 1987


Pritchard, Genetics Selection Evolution 40(), 2008
Sex-dependent selection on an autosomal melanic female ornament promotes the evolution of sex ratio bias.
Roulin A, Altwegg R, Jensen H, Steinsland I, Schaub M., Ecol. Lett. 13(5), 2010
PMID: 20337696
Genetics of colouration in birds.
Roulin A, Ducrest AL., Semin. Cell Dev. Biol. 24(6-7), 2013
PMID: 23665152
QTL linkage mapping of zebra finch beak color shows an oligogenic control of a sexually selected trait.
Schielzeth H, Kempenaers B, Ellegren H, Forstmeier W., Evolution 66(1), 2011
PMID: 22220861


Migration, mitochondria, and the yellow-rumped warbler.
Toews DP, Mandic M, Richards JG, Irwin DE., Evolution 68(1), 2013
PMID: 24102562

Winge, Journal of Genetics 18(), 1927
Mate selection-a selection for a handicap.
Zahavi A., J. Theor. Biol. 53(1), 1975
PMID: 1195756


Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®


PMID: 25141146
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar