Recent work on human nature: Beyond traditional essences

Kronfeldner M, Roughley N, Toepfer G (2014)
Philosophy Compass 9(9): 642-652.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Kronfeldner, MariaUniBi; Roughley, Neil; Toepfer, Georg
Abstract / Bemerkung
Recent philosophical work on the concept of human nature disagrees on how to respond to the Darwinian challenge, according to which biological species do not have traditional essences. Three broad kinds of reactions can be distinguished: (1) conservative intrinsic essentialism, which defends essences in the traditional sense, (2) eliminativism, which suggests dropping the concept of human nature altogether, and (3) constructive approaches, which argue that revisions can generate sensible concepts of human nature beyond traditional essences. The different constructive approaches pick out one or two of the three epistemic roles that are fused in traditional essentialist conceptions of human nature: descriptive (descriptivism), explanatory (explanativism), definitional (taxonomic relationalism), or explanatory and definitional (property cluster essentialism). These turns towards diverging epistemic roles are best interpreted pluralistically: there is a plurality of concepts of human nature that have to be clearly distinguished, each with a legitimate role in respective scientific contexts.
Stichworte
species; epistemic roles; essentialism; human nature; pluralism
Erscheinungsjahr
2014
Zeitschriftentitel
Philosophy Compass
Band
9
Ausgabe
9
Seite(n)
642-652
ISSN
1747-9991
eISSN
1747-9991
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2677310

Zitieren

Kronfeldner M, Roughley N, Toepfer G. Recent work on human nature: Beyond traditional essences. Philosophy Compass. 2014;9(9):642-652.
Kronfeldner, M., Roughley, N., & Toepfer, G. (2014). Recent work on human nature: Beyond traditional essences. Philosophy Compass, 9(9), 642-652. doi:10.1111/phc3.12159
Kronfeldner, M., Roughley, N., and Toepfer, G. (2014). Recent work on human nature: Beyond traditional essences. Philosophy Compass 9, 642-652.
Kronfeldner, M., Roughley, N., & Toepfer, G., 2014. Recent work on human nature: Beyond traditional essences. Philosophy Compass, 9(9), p 642-652.
M. Kronfeldner, N. Roughley, and G. Toepfer, “Recent work on human nature: Beyond traditional essences”, Philosophy Compass, vol. 9, 2014, pp. 642-652.
Kronfeldner, M., Roughley, N., Toepfer, G.: Recent work on human nature: Beyond traditional essences. Philosophy Compass. 9, 642-652 (2014).
Kronfeldner, Maria, Roughley, Neil, and Toepfer, Georg. “Recent work on human nature: Beyond traditional essences”. Philosophy Compass 9.9 (2014): 642-652.
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