The Hidden Effects of Child Maltreatment in a War Region: Correlates of Psychopathology in Two Generations Living in Northern Uganda

Olema DK, Catani C, Ertl V, Saile R, Neuner F (2014)
Journal of Traumatic Stress 27(1): 35-41.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
Es wurden keine Dateien hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Abstract / Bemerkung
Adverse life experiences are a major risk factor for psychopathology. Studies from industrialized countries have consistently shown the detrimental effects of child maltreatment on the mental health of the victims. Research in war-affected populations, however, has mostly been restricted to the psychological damage caused by the war. Both war trauma and child maltreatment have rarely been studied simultaneously. In a comparative study of 2 generations living in severely war-affected regions in Northern Uganda, we determined the relationship between both trauma types and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, depression, and suicide ideation. A total of 100 adolescents, 50 with and 50 without a history of abduction by the rebel army with both their parents (100 mothers and 100 fathers) living in camps in northern Uganda were interviewed. The study showed that both generations were severely affected by war and child maltreatment. Both trauma types were independently correlated with psychological disorders in the adolescent group. Only child maltreatment, however, not war violence, accounted for PTSD symptoms in the parent group ( = .253, p = .002). We conclude that, even in the context of severe war, the impact of child maltreatment on psychological disorders surpasses the damage of war trauma.
Erscheinungsjahr
2014
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Band
27
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
35-41
ISSN
0894-9867
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2671356

Zitieren

Olema DK, Catani C, Ertl V, Saile R, Neuner F. The Hidden Effects of Child Maltreatment in a War Region: Correlates of Psychopathology in Two Generations Living in Northern Uganda. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 2014;27(1):35-41.
Olema, D. K., Catani, C., Ertl, V., Saile, R., & Neuner, F. (2014). The Hidden Effects of Child Maltreatment in a War Region: Correlates of Psychopathology in Two Generations Living in Northern Uganda. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27(1), 35-41. doi:10.1002/jts.21892
Olema, D. K., Catani, C., Ertl, V., Saile, R., and Neuner, F. (2014). The Hidden Effects of Child Maltreatment in a War Region: Correlates of Psychopathology in Two Generations Living in Northern Uganda. Journal of Traumatic Stress 27, 35-41.
Olema, D.K., et al., 2014. The Hidden Effects of Child Maltreatment in a War Region: Correlates of Psychopathology in Two Generations Living in Northern Uganda. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27(1), p 35-41.
D.K. Olema, et al., “The Hidden Effects of Child Maltreatment in a War Region: Correlates of Psychopathology in Two Generations Living in Northern Uganda”, Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 27, 2014, pp. 35-41.
Olema, D.K., Catani, C., Ertl, V., Saile, R., Neuner, F.: The Hidden Effects of Child Maltreatment in a War Region: Correlates of Psychopathology in Two Generations Living in Northern Uganda. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 27, 35-41 (2014).
Olema, David Kani, Catani, Claudia, Ertl, Verena, Saile, Regina, and Neuner, Frank. “The Hidden Effects of Child Maltreatment in a War Region: Correlates of Psychopathology in Two Generations Living in Northern Uganda”. Journal of Traumatic Stress 27.1 (2014): 35-41.

8 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Ghrelin is a persistent biomarker for chronic stress exposure in adolescent rats and humans.
Yousufzai MIUA, Harmatz ES, Shah M, Malik MO, Goosens KA., Transl Psychiatry 8(1), 2018
PMID: 29643360
Preparing the Field for Feasibility Testing of a Parenting Intervention for War-Affected Mothers in Northern Uganda.
Wieling E, Mehus C, Yumbul C, Möllerherm J, Ertl V, Laura A, Forgatch M, Neuner F, Catani C., Fam Process 56(2), 2017
PMID: 26503176
Assessing the feasibility of providing a parenting intervention for war-affected families in northern Uganda.
Wieling E, Mehus C, Möllerherm J, Neuner F, Achan L, Catani C., Fam Community Health 38(3), 2015
PMID: 26017003

48 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

War-related trauma and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder among adult Kosovar refugees.
Ai AL, Peterson C, Ubelhor D., J Trauma Stress 15(2), 2002
PMID: 12013067

American, 2000
The impact of civil strife on adolescent girls' reproductive health
Amone-P'Olak, Africa Health 25(), 2003
Stress, sensitive periods and maturational events in adolescent depression.
Andersen SL, Teicher MH., Trends Neurosci. 31(4), 2008
PMID: 18329735

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 0
Initial reliability and validity of a new retrospective measure of child abuse and neglect.
Bernstein DP, Fink L, Handelsman L, Foote J, Lovejoy M, Wenzel K, Sapareto E, Ruggiero J., Am J Psychiatry 151(8), 1994
PMID: 8037246
Risk factors associated with PTSD and major depression among Cambodian refugees in Utah
Blair, Health and Social Work 25(), 2000
The development of a Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale.
Blake DD, Weathers FW, Nagy LM, Kaloupek DG, Gusman FD, Charney DS, Keane TM., J Trauma Stress 8(1), 1995
PMID: 7712061
War trauma, child labor, and family violence: life adversities and PTSD in a sample of school children in Kabul.
Catani C, Schauer E, Elbert T, Missmahl I, Bette JP, Neuner F., J Trauma Stress 22(3), 2009
PMID: 19462436
Common mental disorders in postconflict settings.
de Jong JT, Komproe IH, Van Ommeren M., Lancet 361(9375), 2003
PMID: 12826440

Temmerman, 2009

El-Bushra, 2005
Revival of tradition in the era of global therapeutic governance: The case of ICC intervention in the situation in Northern Uganda
Enomoto, African Study Monographs 32(), 2011

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 0
Validation of a mental health assessment in an African conflict population.
Ertl V, Pfeiffer A, Saile R, Schauer E, Elbert T, Neuner F., Psychol Assess 22(2), 2010
PMID: 20528059

Foa, 1995
Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high-income countries.
Gilbert R, Widom CS, Browne K, Fergusson D, Webb E, Janson S., Lancet 373(9657), 2008
PMID: 19056114

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 0
Risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder among UK Armed Forces personnel.
Iversen AC, Fear NT, Ehlers A, Hacker Hughes J, Hull L, Earnshaw M, Greenberg N, Rona R, Wessely S, Hotopf M., Psychol Med 38(4), 2008
PMID: 18226287
Psychological consequences of war trauma and post-war social stressors in women in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Klaric, Croal Medical Journal 48(), 2007
War-stress and trauma: The Vietnam veteran experience
Laufer, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 25(), 1984
The resurrection of the warrior tradition in African political culture
Mazrui, The Journal of Modern African Studies 13(), 1975
Factors that can enhance and limit resilience for children of war
McAdams-Chrisp, Childhood 13(), 2006
Indochinese versions of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25: a screening instrument for the psychiatric care of refugees.
Mollica RF, Wyshak G, de Marneffe D, Khuon F, Lavelle J., Am J Psychiatry 144(4), 1987
PMID: 3565621
The effect of trauma and confinement on functional health and mental health status of Cambodians living in Thailand-Cambodia border camps.
Mollica RF, Donelan K, Tor S, Lavelle J, Elias C, Frankel M, Blendon RJ., JAMA 270(5), 1993
PMID: 8331755
Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counselors in an African refugee settlement: a randomized controlled trial.
Neuner F, Onyut PL, Ertl V, Odenwald M, Schauer E, Elbert T., J Consult Clin Psychol 76(4), 2008
PMID: 18665696
Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counselors in an African refugee settlement: a randomized controlled trial.
Neuner F, Onyut PL, Ertl V, Odenwald M, Schauer E, Elbert T., J Consult Clin Psychol 76(4), 2008
PMID: 18665696
Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees.
Neuner F, Schauer M, Karunakara U, Klaschik C, Robert C, Elbert T., BMC Psychiatry 4(), 2004
PMID: 15504233
60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981-2001.
Norris FH, Friedman MJ, Watson PJ, Byrne CM, Diaz E, Kaniasty K., Psychiatry 65(3), 2002
PMID: 12405079
Mental disorders following war in the Balkans: a study in 5 countries.
Priebe S, Bogic M, Ajdukovic D, Franciskovic T, Galeazzi GM, Kucukalic A, Lecic-Tosevski D, Morina N, Popovski M, Wang D, Schutzwohl M., Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 67(5), 2010
PMID: 20439833
Posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression symptoms, and psychosocial treatment needs in Colombians internally displaced by armed conflict: A mixed-method evaluation
Richards, Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy 3(), 2011
The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): the development and validation of a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview for DSM-IV and ICD-10.
Sheehan DV, Lecrubier Y, Sheehan KH, Amorim P, Janavs J, Weiller E, Hergueta T, Baker R, Dunbar GC., J Clin Psychiatry 59 Suppl 20(), 1998
PMID: 9881538
Anxiety, depression and PTSD in asylum-seekers: assocations with pre-migration trauma and post-migration stressors.
Silove D, Sinnerbrink I, Field A, Manicavasagar V, Steel Z., Br J Psychiatry 170(), 1997
PMID: 9246254
War trauma in a civilian population.
Somasundaram DJ, Sivayokan S., Br J Psychiatry 165(4), 1994
PMID: 7804667
Childhood traumas: an outline and overview.
Terr LC., Am J Psychiatry 148(1), 1991
PMID: 1824611
Exposure to war trauma and PTSD among parents and children in the Gaza strip.
Thabet AA, Abu Tawahina A, El Sarraj E, Vostanis P., Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 17(4), 2008
PMID: 18365135

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Quellen

PMID: 24478246
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar