Coupled potential energy surface for the F(P-2) + CH4 -> HF + CH3 entrance channel and quantum dynamics of the CH4 center dot F- photodetachment
An approach to construct vibronically and spin-orbit coupled diabatic potential energy surfaces (PESs) which describe all three relevant electronic states in the entrance channels of the X(P) + CH4 -> HX + CH3 reactions (with X= F(P-2), Cl(P-2), or O(P-3)) is introduced. The diabatization relies on the permutational symmetry present in the methane molecule and results in diabatic states which transform as the three p orbitals of the X atom. Spin-orbit coupling is easily and accurately included using the atomic spin-orbit coupling matrix of the isolated X atom. The method is applied to the F + CH4 system obtaining an accurate PES for the entrance channel based on ab initio multireference configuration interaction (MRCI) calculations. Comparing the resulting PESs with spin-orbit MRCI calculations, excellent agreement is found for the excited electronic states at all relevant geometries. The photodetachment spectrum of CH4 center dot F- is investigated via full-dimensional (12D) quantum dynamics calculations on the coupled PESs using the multi-layer multi-configurational time-dependent Hartree approach. Extending previous work [J. Palma and U. Manthe, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 044306 (2012)], which was restricted to the dynamics on a single adiabatic PES, the contributions of the electronically excited states to the photodetachment spectrum are calculated and compared to experiment. Considering different experimental setups, good agreement between experiment and theory is found. Addressing questions raised in the previous work, the present dynamical calculations show that the main contribution to the second peak in the photodetachment spectrum results from electron detachment into the electronically excited states of the CH4F complex. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
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