The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia

Staniloiu A, Markowitsch HJ (2012)
Brain Sciences 2(4): 101-129.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Memory is not a unity, but is divided along a content axis and a time axis, respectively. Along the content dimension, five long-term memory systems are described, according to their hierarchical ontogenetic and phylogenetic organization. These memory systems are assumed to be accompanied by different levels of consciousness. While encoding is based on a hierarchical arrangement of memory systems from procedural to episodic-autobiographical memory, retrieval allows independence in the sense that no matter how information is encoded, it can be retrieved in any memory system. Thus, we illustrate the relations between various long-term memory systems by reviewing the spectrum of abnormalities in mnemonic processing that may arise in the dissociative amnesia—a condition that is usually characterized by a retrieval blockade of episodic-autobiographical memories and occurs in the context of psychological trauma, without evidence of brain damage on conventional structural imaging. Furthermore, we comment on the functions of implicit memories in guiding and even adaptively molding the behavior of patients with dissociative amnesia and preserving, in the absence of autonoetic consciousness, the so-called “internal coherence of life”.
Stichworte
autonoetic consciousness; priming; procedural memory; anoetic consciousness; episodic-autobiographical memory; psychogenic amnesia
Erscheinungsjahr
2012
Zeitschriftentitel
Brain Sciences
Band
2
Ausgabe
4
Seite(n)
101-129
ISSN
2076-3425
eISSN
2076-3425
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2601929

Zitieren

Staniloiu A, Markowitsch HJ. The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia. Brain Sciences. 2012;2(4):101-129.
Staniloiu, A., & Markowitsch, H. J. (2012). The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia. Brain Sciences, 2(4), 101-129. doi:10.3390/brainsci2020101
Staniloiu, A., and Markowitsch, H. J. (2012). The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia. Brain Sciences 2, 101-129.
Staniloiu, A., & Markowitsch, H.J., 2012. The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia. Brain Sciences, 2(4), p 101-129.
A. Staniloiu and H.J. Markowitsch, “The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia”, Brain Sciences, vol. 2, 2012, pp. 101-129.
Staniloiu, A., Markowitsch, H.J.: The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia. Brain Sciences. 2, 101-129 (2012).
Staniloiu, Angelica, and Markowitsch, Hans J. “The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia”. Brain Sciences 2.4 (2012): 101-129.
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