The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia

Staniloiu A, Markowitsch HJ (2012)
Brain Sciences 2(4): 101-129.

Download
Es wurde kein Volltext hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Abstract / Bemerkung
Memory is not a unity, but is divided along a content axis and a time axis, respectively. Along the content dimension, five long-term memory systems are described, according to their hierarchical ontogenetic and phylogenetic organization. These memory systems are assumed to be accompanied by different levels of consciousness. While encoding is based on a hierarchical arrangement of memory systems from procedural to episodic-autobiographical memory, retrieval allows independence in the sense that no matter how information is encoded, it can be retrieved in any memory system. Thus, we illustrate the relations between various long-term memory systems by reviewing the spectrum of abnormalities in mnemonic processing that may arise in the dissociative amnesia—a condition that is usually characterized by a retrieval blockade of episodic-autobiographical memories and occurs in the context of psychological trauma, without evidence of brain damage on conventional structural imaging. Furthermore, we comment on the functions of implicit memories in guiding and even adaptively molding the behavior of patients with dissociative amnesia and preserving, in the absence of autonoetic consciousness, the so-called “internal coherence of life”.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Brain Sciences
Band
2
Ausgabe
4
Seite(n)
101-129
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Zitieren

Staniloiu A, Markowitsch HJ. The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia. Brain Sciences. 2012;2(4):101-129.
Staniloiu, A., & Markowitsch, H. J. (2012). The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia. Brain Sciences, 2(4), 101-129. doi:10.3390/brainsci2020101
Staniloiu, A., and Markowitsch, H. J. (2012). The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia. Brain Sciences 2, 101-129.
Staniloiu, A., & Markowitsch, H.J., 2012. The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia. Brain Sciences, 2(4), p 101-129.
A. Staniloiu and H.J. Markowitsch, “The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia”, Brain Sciences, vol. 2, 2012, pp. 101-129.
Staniloiu, A., Markowitsch, H.J.: The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia. Brain Sciences. 2, 101-129 (2012).
Staniloiu, Angelica, and Markowitsch, Hans J. “The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia”. Brain Sciences 2.4 (2012): 101-129.

2 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Psychogenic amnesia: syndromes, outcome, and patterns of retrograde amnesia.
Harrison NA, Johnston K, Corno F, Casey SJ, Friedner K, Humphreys K, Jaldow EJ, Pitkanen M, Kopelman MD., Brain 140(9), 2017
PMID: 29050391
The impairment of recollection in functional amnesic states.
Markowitsch HJ, Staniloiu A., Cortex 49(6), 2013
PMID: 22824728

151 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.


Markowitsch H.J., Welzer H.., 2009

Hacking I.., 1995
Psychogenic amnesia--a malady of the constricted self.
Staniloiu A, Markowitsch HJ, Brand M., Conscious Cogn 19(3), 2010
PMID: 20655759

Luria A.R.., 1968

Kundera M.., 1991
A case of unusual autobiographical remembering.
Parker ES, Cahill L, McGaugh JL., Neurocase 12(1), 2006
PMID: 16517514

James W.., 1984

Eco U., Gould S.J., Carrière J.-C., Delumeau J.., 1999
Neuroanatomical and neurochemical bases of theory of mind.
Abu-Akel A, Shamay-Tsoory S., Neuropsychologia 49(11), 2011
PMID: 21803062
Consciousness of subjective time in the brain.
Nyberg L, Kim AS, Habib R, Levine B, Tulving E., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(51), 2010
PMID: 21135219
Toward a theory of episodic memory: the frontal lobes and autonoetic consciousness.
Wheeler MA, Stuss DT, Tulving E., Psychol Bull 121(3), 1997
PMID: 9136640
What does the amygdala contribute to social cognition?
Adolphs R., Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1191(), 2010
PMID: 20392275
The default self: feeling good or being right?
Beer JS., Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.) 11(5), 2007
PMID: 17347027
Human uniqueness and the denial of death.
Varki A., Nature 460(7256), 2009
PMID: 19661895

Masson J.M.., 1985

Modell A.H.., 2006

Ishiguro K.., 1989
Episodic memories.
Conway MA., Neuropsychologia 47(11), 2009
PMID: 19524094
Autobiographical memory and amnesia: using conceptual knowledge to ground the self.
Rathbone CJ, Moulin CJ, Conway MA., Neurocase 15(5), 2009
PMID: 19382038
Shamanism (meditation, yoga, non-dual mindfulness): A magical or a deep ecological healing consciousness?
van R.., 0

Dilthey W.., 1996
Dissociative experience and cultural neuroscience: narrative, metaphor and mechanism.
Seligman R, Kirmayer LJ., Cult Med Psychiatry 32(1), 2008
PMID: 18213511
Amnesia.
Pearce JM., Eur. Neurol. 57(2), 2006
PMID: 17179722

Ricoeur P.., 2000

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 1992

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 2000
Is memory loss without anatomical damage tantamount to a psychogenic deficit? The case of pure retrograde amnesia.
Di Renzi E, Lucchelli F, Muggia S, Spinnler H., Neuropsychologia 35(6), 1997
PMID: 9204485
Amnesic disorders
Markowitsch H.J., Staniloiu A.., 2012
The episodic buffer: a new component of working memory?
Baddeley A., Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.) 4(11), 2000
PMID: 11058819

Markowitsch H.J.., 1992
Episodic and Semantic Memory
Tulving E.., 1972
Memories and Habits: Some Implications for the Analysis of Learning and Retention
Mishkin M., Petri H.L.., 1984

Pfeifer R., Bongard J.., 2007
Episodic Memory and Autonoesis: Uniquely Human?
Tulving E.., 2005
Organization of Memory: Quo Vadis?
Tulving E.., 1995
Time, Memory, and Consciousness. A View from the Brain
Markowitsch H.J.., 2005
Episodic autobiographical memory in depression: Specificity, autonoetic consciousness, and self-perspective.
Lemogne C, Piolino P, Friszer S, Claret A, Girault N, Jouvent R, Allilaire JF, Fossati P., Conscious Cogn 15(2), 2005
PMID: 16154765
Do school-age children remember or know the personal past?
Piolino P, Hisland M, Ruffeveille I, Matuszewski V, Jambaque I, Eustache F., Conscious Cogn 16(1), 2006
PMID: 16464615
Zum psychischen Mechanismus der Vergesslichkeit (On the psychic mechanism of forgetfulness)
Freud S.., 1901
Involvement of the orbitofrontal cortex during correct and false recognitions of visual stimuli. Implications for eyewitness decisions on an fMRI study using a film paradigm
Kühnel S., Woermann F.G., Mertens M., Markowitsch H.J.., 2008
Susceptibility to false memories in patients with ACoA aneurysm.
Borsutzky S, Fujiwara E, Brand M, Markowitsch HJ., Neuropsychologia 48(10), 2010
PMID: 20488196
On the relationship between emotion and cognition.
Pessoa L., Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 9(2), 2008
PMID: 18209732
Memory consolidation and reconsolidation: what is the role of sleep?
Stickgold R, Walker MP., Trends Neurosci. 28(8), 2005
PMID: 15979164
Consolidation of human memory over decades revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Haist F, Bowden Gore J, Mao H., Nat. Neurosci. 4(11), 2001
PMID: 11600889
Reconsolidation: does the past linger on?
Fulton D., J. Neurosci. 26(43), 2006
PMID: 17068863
Consolidating reconsolidation
Wood H.., 2003
The scope of preserved procedural memory in amnesia.
Cavaco S, Anderson SW, Allen JS, Castro-Caldas A, Damasio H., Brain 127(Pt 8), 2004
PMID: 15215216
Differential effects of early hippocampal pathology on episodic and semantic memory.
Vargha-Khadem F, Gadian DG, Watkins KE, Connelly A, Van Paesschen W, Mishkin M., Science 277(5324), 1997
PMID: 9219696
The Principle of Bottleneck Structures
Brand M., Markowitsch H.J.., 2003
Diencephalic amnesia: A reorientation towards tracts?
Markowitsch H.J.., 1988
Amygdala in action: relaying biological and social significance to autobiographical memory.
Markowitsch HJ, Staniloiu A., Neuropsychologia 49(4), 2010
PMID: 20933525
The amygdala's contribution to memory--a study on two patients with Urbach-Wiethe disease.
Markowitsch HJ, Calabrese P, Wurker M, Durwen HF, Kessler J, Babinsky R, Brechtelsbauer D, Heuser L, Gehlen W., Neuroreport 5(11), 1994
PMID: 7919196
The amygdala and emotional memory.
Cahill L, Babinsky R, Markowitsch HJ, McGaugh JL., Nature 377(6547), 1995
PMID: 7566084
Amygdala, affect and cognition: evidence from 10 patients with Urbach-Wiethe disease.
Siebert M, Markowitsch HJ, Bartel P., Brain 126(Pt 12), 2003
PMID: 12937075
The Role of the Prefrontal Cortex in Episodic Memory
Brand M., Markowitsch H.J.., 2008
Cerebral representation of one's own past: neural networks involved in autobiographical memory.
Fink GR, Markowitsch HJ, Reinkemeier M, Bruckbauer T, Kessler J, Heiss WD., J. Neurosci. 16(13), 1996
PMID: 8753888
Retrieval of old memories: the temporofrontal hypothesis.
Kroll NE, Markowitsch HJ, Knight RT, von Cramon DY., Brain 120 ( Pt 8)(), 1997
PMID: 9278629
Cognitive neuroscience of emotional memory.
LaBar KS, Cabeza R., Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 7(1), 2006
PMID: 16371950
Retrograde amnesia for world knowledge and preserved memory for autobiographic events. A case report.
Markowitsch HJ, Calabrese P, Neufeld H, Gehlen W, Durwen HF., Cortex 35(2), 1999
PMID: 10369096
Which brain regions are critically involved in the retrieval of old episodic memory?
Markowitsch HJ., Brain Res. Brain Res. Rev. 21(2), 1995
PMID: 8866670
Topography of the uncinate fascicle and adjacent temporal fiber tracts.
Ebeling U, von Cramon D., Acta Neurochir (Wien) 115(3-4), 1992
PMID: 1605083
Asymmetry of the uncinate fasciculus: a post-mortem study of normal subjects and patients with schizophrenia.
Highley JR, Walker MA, Esiri MM, Crow TJ, Harrison PJ., Cereb. Cortex 12(11), 2002
PMID: 12379610
Repressed Memories
Markowitsch H.J.., 2000
Mnestic block syndrome.
Markowitsch HJ, Kessler J, Russ MO, Frolich L, Schneider B, Maurer K., Cortex 35(2), 1999
PMID: 10369094
Neuroimaging and behavioral correlates of recovery from mnestic block syndrome and other cognitive deteriorations.
Markowitsch HJ, Kessler J, Weber-Luxenburger G, Van der Ven C, Albers M, Heiss WD., Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol 13(1), 2000
PMID: 10645738
Psychic trauma causing grossly reduced brain metabolism and cognitive deterioration.
Markowitsch HJ, Kessler J, Van Der Ven C, Weber-Luxenburger G, Albers M, Heiss WD., Neuropsychologia 36(1), 1998
PMID: 9533390
Functional retrograde amnesia--mnestic block syndrome.
Markowitsch HJ., Cortex 38(4), 2002
PMID: 12465676
The “glucocorticoid cascade” hypothesis in man
O’Brien J.T.., 1997

Janet P.., 1907
Suppressing unwanted memories by executive control.
Anderson MC, Green C., Nature 410(6826), 2001
PMID: 11268212
Das Mnestische Blockadesyndrom—Hirnphysiologische Korrelate von Angst und Stress
Fujiwara E., Markowitsch H.J.., 2004
Attention to Action: Willed and Automatic Control of Behavior
Norman D.A., Shallice T.., 1986
Functional brain imaging in 14 patients with dissociative amnesia reveals right inferolateral prefrontal hypometabolism.
Brand M, Eggers C, Reinhold N, Fujiwara E, Kessler J, Heiss WD, Markowitsch HJ., Psychiatry Res 174(1), 2009
PMID: 19783409
When the past is lost: focal retrograde amnesia. Focus on the "functional" form.
Stracciari A, Fonti C, Guarino M., Behav Neurol 20(3), 2008
PMID: 19641249
Psychogenic amnesia.
Markowitsch HJ., Neuroimage 20 Suppl 1(), 2003
PMID: 14597306
Towards a bio-psycho-social model of autobiographical memory.
Welzer H, Markowitsch HJ., Memory 13(1), 2005
PMID: 15724908
Retrograde episodic memory and emotion: a perspective from patients with dissociative amnesia.
Reinhold N, Markowitsch HJ., Neuropsychologia 47(11), 2009
PMID: 19524087
Losing memories overnight: A unique form of human amnesia
Smith C.N., Frascino J.C., Kripke D.L., McHugh P.R., Treisman G.J., Squire L.R.., 2010
A case of psychogenic fugue: I understand, aber ich verstehe nichts.
Glisky EL, Ryan L, Reminger S, Hardt O, Hayes SM, Hupbach A., Neuropsychologia 42(8), 2004
PMID: 15093151
Hypo-retrieval and hyper-suppression mechanisms in functional amnesia.
Tramoni E, Aubert-Khalfa S, Guye M, Ranjeva JP, Felician O, Ceccaldi M., Neuropsychologia 47(3), 2008
PMID: 19071144
Psychogenic amnesia: A clinical investigation of 25 cases
Coons P.M., Milstein V.., 1992
Amnesia, a statistical study
Kanzer M.., 1939
Emotion and consciousness in adolescent psychogenic amnesia.
Reinhold N, Markowitsch HJ., J Neuropsychol 1(Pt 1), 2007
PMID: 19331025
Intentional suppression of unwanted memories grows more difficult as we age.
Anderson MC, Reinholz J, Kuhl BA, Mayr U., Psychol Aging 26(2), 2011
PMID: 21443352
Dissociative Disorders
Maldonado J.R., Spiegel D.., 2008
Psychogenic amnesia and psychogenic fugue: A comprehensive review
Loewenstein R.J.., 1991
Functional amnesia: clinical description and neuropsychological profile of 10 cases.
Kritchevsky M, Chang J, Squire LR., Learn. Mem. 11(2), 2004
PMID: 15054137
Sleep and Forgetting
Peigneux P., Schmitz R., Urbain C.., 2010
Detestable or marvelous? Neuroanatomical correlates of character judgments.
Croft KE, Duff MC, Kovach CK, Anderson SW, Adolphs R, Tranel D., Neuropsychologia 48(6), 2010
PMID: 20211193
Mental time travel and the shaping of the human mind.
Suddendorf T, Addis DR, Corballis MC., Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 364(1521), 2009
PMID: 19528013
Persistent psychogenic amnesia with a PET-proven organic basis
Markowitsch H.J., Fink G.R., Thöne A.I.M., Kessler J., Heiss W.-D.., 1997
Eine Reise in die Schweiz im epileptischen Dämmerzustande und die transitorischen Bewusstseinsstörungen der Epileptiker vor dem Strafrichter (A journey to Switzerland done in epileptic somnolence and the transitory disturbances of consciousness before the criminal judge)
Burgl G.., 1900

Stier E.., 1912

Zingerle H.., 1912
A case of persistent retrograde amnesia following a dissociative fugue: neuropsychological and neurofunctional underpinnings of loss of autobiographical memory and self-awareness.
Hennig-Fast K, Meister F, Frodl T, Beraldi A, Padberg F, Engel RR, Reiser M, Moller HJ, Meindl T., Neuropsychologia 46(12), 2008
PMID: 18619985
Sur un cas d’amnesie retro-anterograde (On a case with retro- and anterograde amnesia)
Charcot J.M.., 1892
Massive and persistent anterograde amnesia in the absence of detectable brain damage: anterograde psychogenic amnesia or gross reduction in sustained effort?
Kessler J, Markowitsch HJ, Huber M, Kalbe E, Weber-Luxenburger G, Kock P., J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 19(4), 1997
PMID: 9342692
Functional amnesia and memory consolidation. A case of persistent anterograde amnesia with rapid forgetting following whiplash injury
Markowitsch H.J., Kessler J., Kalbe E., Herholz K.., 1999
Widespread cognitive impairment in psychogenic anterograde amnesia.
Kumar S, Rao SL, Sunny B, Gangadhar BN., Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 61(6), 2007
PMID: 18081616
L’amnesie hysterique (Hysterical amnesia)
Janet P.., 1892
Etude sur Quelques cas D’amnese Anterograde Dans la Maladie de la Desagregation Psychologique (Study of a Case of Anterograde Amnesia in the Malady of Psychological Disintegration)
Janet P.., 1892
Study of cases of anterograde amnesia in a disease of mental disintegration.
Janet P, Nicolas S, Penel A., Hist Psychiatry 12(48 Pt 4), 2001
PMID: 11951870
Essai sur l’amnesie retro-anterograde dans l’hysterie, les traumatismes cerebraux et l’alcoolisme chronique (Essay about retrograde-anterograde amnesia in hysteria, cerebral trauma and chronic alcoholism)
Souques A.., 1892
Korsakoff’s psychosis superimposed upon melancholia
Stevens J.W.., 1907
Über das Verhalten bei umschriebener, völliger Merkunfähigkeit (On behavior in the isolated, complete disability to memorize)
Grünthal E., Störring G.E.., 1930
Ergänzende Beobachtungen und Bemerkungen zu dem in Band 74 (1930) dieser Zeitschrift beschriebenen Fall mit reiner Merkunfähigkeit (Supplementing observations und remarks to the case of pure loss of the ability to memorize, described in volume 74 (1930) of this journal)
Grünthal E., Störring G.E.., 1933
Über den ersten reinen Fall eines Menschen mit völligem, isoliertem Verlust der Merkfähigkeit. (Gleichzeitig ein Beitrag zur Gefühls-, Willens- und Handlungspsychologie) (On the first pure case of a man with complete, isolated loss of memory. (At the same time a contribution to the psychology of emotions, will, and action))
Störring G.E.., 1931

Ribot T.., 1882
Very long-term amnesia in association with temporal lobe epilepsy: evidence for multiple-stage consolidation processes.
Kapur N, Millar J, Colbourn C, Abbott P, Kennedy P, Docherty T., Brain Cogn 35(1), 1997
PMID: 9339302
The dissociation of anterograde and retrograde amnesia in a patient with herpes encephalitis.
O'Connor M, Butters N, Miliotis P, Eslinger P, Cermak LS., J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 14(2), 1992
PMID: 1572943
Implicit memory and new semantic learning in posttraumatic amnesia
Glisky E.L., Delaney S.M.., 1996
Über das Krankheitsbild der retro-anterograden Amnesie und die Unterscheidung des spontanen und lernenden Merkens (On case aspects of retro-anterograde amnesia and the differentiation of spontaneous and learned remembrance)
Kohnstamm O.., 1917
Persistent focal retrograde amnesia: Functional or organic?
Saul R.E.., 2011
Memory, autonoetic consciousness, and the self.
Markowitsch HJ, Staniloiu A., Conscious Cogn 20(1), 2010
PMID: 20951059
Functional retrograde amnesia: a multiple case study.
Fujiwara E, Brand M, Kracht L, Kessler J, Diebel A, Netz J, Markowitsch HJ., Cortex 44(1), 2007
PMID: 18387529
Recognition et moiite (Recognition and me-ness)
Claparede E.., 1911
[Searching for lost memory: memory loss and recovery mechanisms observed in a patient with pure retrograde amnesia].
Anterion CT, Mazzola L, Foyatier-Michel N, Laurent B., Rev. Neurol. (Paris) 164(3), 2008
PMID: 18405779
Long-lasting perceptual priming and semantic learning in amnesia: a case experiment.
Tulving E, Hayman CA, Macdonald CA., J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 17(4), 1991
PMID: 1832430
Repetition effects in a lexical decision task: the role of episodic memory in the performance of alcoholic Korsakoff patients.
Verfaellie M, Cermak LS, Letourneau L, Zuffante P., Neuropsychologia 29(7), 1991
PMID: 1944867
Amnesia: Declarative and Nondeclarative Memory
Squire L.R., Bayley P.J., Smith C.N.., 2009
New method of testing long-term retention with special reference to amnesic patients.
Warrington EK, Weiskrantz L., Nature 217(5132), 1968
PMID: 5642857
Associative memory deficits in mild cognitive impairment: the role of hippocampal formation.
Atienza M, Atalaia-Silva KC, Gonzalez-Escamilla G, Gil-Neciga E, Suarez-Gonzalez A, Cantero JL., Neuroimage 57(4), 2011
PMID: 21640840
Interdependence of priming performance and brain-damage.
Markowitsch HJ, Harting C., Int. J. Neurosci. 85(3-4), 1996
PMID: 8734566
Superior implicit memory: a pilot study.
Nicolas S, Dubuisson JB., Psychol Rep 107(3), 2010
PMID: 21323123
Subliminal perception of pictures in the right hemisphere
Henke K., Landis T., Markowitsch H.J.., 1993
Functional neuroimaging in memory and memory disturbances
Reinhold N., Kühnel S., Brand M., Markowitsch H.J.., 2006
Cognitive neuroscience of emotional memory.
LaBar KS, Cabeza R., Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 7(1), 2006
PMID: 16371950
The great escape: a neuropsychological study of psychogenic amnesia.
Kopelman MD, Christensen H, Puffett A, Stanhope N., Neuropsychologia 32(6), 1994
PMID: 8084423

Mitchell S.A., Black M.J.., 1995
The negotiation of affect
Russell P.L.., 2006
Generalized dissociative amnesia: episodic, semantic and procedural memories lost and found.
van der Hart O, Nijenhuis E., Aust N Z J Psychiatry 35(5), 2001
PMID: 11551273
Peas, please: a case report and neuroscientific review of dissociative amnesia and fugue.
MacDonald K, MacDonald T., J Trauma Dissociation 10(4), 2009
PMID: 19821177
Pure retrograde amnesia following a mild head trauma: a neuropsychological and metabolic study.
Sellal F, Manning L, Seegmuller C, Scheiber C, Schoenfelder F., Cortex 38(4), 2002
PMID: 12465665
Memory for syntax despite amnesia.
Ferreira VS, Bock K, Wilson MP, Cohen NJ., Psychol Sci 19(9), 2008
PMID: 18947361
Retrograde amnesia after traumatic injury of the fronto-temporal cortex.
Markowitsch HJ, Calabrese P, Liess J, Haupts M, Durwen HF, Gehlen W., J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 56(9), 1993
PMID: 8410040
Overthinking skilled motor performance: or why those who teach can't do.
Flegal KE, Anderson MC., Psychon Bull Rev 15(5), 2008
PMID: 18926983

Bergson H.., 1968
Material in PUB:
Teil dieser Dissertation

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Quellen

PMID: 24962768
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar