Agent based models and opinion dynamics as Markov chains

Banisch S, Lima R, Araujo T (2012)
Social Networks 34(4): 549-561.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Banisch, SvenUniBi; Lima, Ricardo; Araujo, Tanya
Abstract / Bemerkung
This paper introduces a Markov chain approach that allows a rigorous analysis of agent based opinion dynamics as well as other related agent based models (ABM). By viewing the ABM dynamics as a micro-description of the process, we show how the corresponding macro-description is obtained by a projection construction. Then, well known conditions for lumpability make it possible to establish the cases where the macro model is still Markov. In this case we obtain a complete picture of the dynamics including the transient stage, the most interesting phase in applications. For such a purpose a crucial role is played by the type of probability distribution used to implement the stochastic part of the model which defines the updating rule and governs the dynamics. In addition, we show how restrictions in communication leading to the co-existence of different opinions correspond to the emergence of new absorbing states. We describe our analysis in detail with some specific models of opinion dynamics. Generalizations concerning different opinion representations as well as opinion models with other interaction mechanisms are also discussed. With their obvious limitations, the models do not allow for a direct generalization to more realistic cases, their treatment is only the first step in the stochastic analysis of the micro-macro link in social simulation. We find that our method may be an attractive alternative to mean-field approaches and that this approach provides new perspectives on the modeling of opinion exchange dynamics, and more generally of other ABM. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Stichworte
Opinion dynamics; Agent based models; Markov chains; Micro-macro; Transient dynamics; Lumpability
Erscheinungsjahr
2012
Zeitschriftentitel
Social Networks
Band
34
Ausgabe
4
Seite(n)
549-561
ISSN
0378-8733
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2560329

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Banisch S, Lima R, Araujo T. Agent based models and opinion dynamics as Markov chains. Social Networks. 2012;34(4):549-561.
Banisch, S., Lima, R., & Araujo, T. (2012). Agent based models and opinion dynamics as Markov chains. Social Networks, 34(4), 549-561. doi:10.1016/j.socnet.2012.06.001
Banisch, S., Lima, R., and Araujo, T. (2012). Agent based models and opinion dynamics as Markov chains. Social Networks 34, 549-561.
Banisch, S., Lima, R., & Araujo, T., 2012. Agent based models and opinion dynamics as Markov chains. Social Networks, 34(4), p 549-561.
S. Banisch, R. Lima, and T. Araujo, “Agent based models and opinion dynamics as Markov chains”, Social Networks, vol. 34, 2012, pp. 549-561.
Banisch, S., Lima, R., Araujo, T.: Agent based models and opinion dynamics as Markov chains. Social Networks. 34, 549-561 (2012).
Banisch, Sven, Lima, Ricardo, and Araujo, Tanya. “Agent based models and opinion dynamics as Markov chains”. Social Networks 34.4 (2012): 549-561.

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