Post-tsunami stress: a study of posttraumatic stress disorder in children living in three severely affected regions in Sri Lanka

Neuner F, Schauer E, Catani C, Ruf M, Elbert T (2006)
Journal of traumatic stress 19(3): 339-347.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Es wurden keine Dateien hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Neuner, FrankUniBi; Schauer, Elisabeth; Catani, ClaudiaUniBi; Ruf, Martina; Elbert, Thomas
Abstract / Bemerkung
At 3 to 4 weeks after the December 2004 tsunami disaster we assessed symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in 264 children who lived in severely affected coastal communities in Manadkadu (northern coast), Kosgoda (western coast), and Galle (southern coast) in Sri Lanka. The prevalence rate of tsunami-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (ignoring the time criterion) ranged between 14% and 39% and an additional 5% to 8% had PTSD unrelated to the tsunami. The PTSD symptoms were explained by the severity of the trauma exposure and family loss, as well as previous traumatic events. The results confirm the relevance of the individual history of traumatic events for the genesis of PTSD and indicate a high need of mental health assistance among the tsunami-affected children in Sri Lanka.
Child; Humans; Female; Health Services Needs and Demand; Male; Prevalence; Regression Analysis; Risk Factors; Sri Lanka/epidemiology; Post-Traumatic/diagnosis; Stress Disorders; Post-Traumatic/epidemiology; Stress Disorders; Disasters; Post-Traumatic/psychology; Stress Disorders; Adolescent
Journal of traumatic stress
Page URI


Neuner F, Schauer E, Catani C, Ruf M, Elbert T. Post-tsunami stress: a study of posttraumatic stress disorder in children living in three severely affected regions in Sri Lanka. Journal of traumatic stress. 2006;19(3):339-347.
Neuner, F., Schauer, E., Catani, C., Ruf, M., & Elbert, T. (2006). Post-tsunami stress: a study of posttraumatic stress disorder in children living in three severely affected regions in Sri Lanka. Journal of traumatic stress, 19(3), 339-347. doi:10.1002/jts.20121
Neuner, F., Schauer, E., Catani, C., Ruf, M., and Elbert, T. (2006). Post-tsunami stress: a study of posttraumatic stress disorder in children living in three severely affected regions in Sri Lanka. Journal of traumatic stress 19, 339-347.
Neuner, F., et al., 2006. Post-tsunami stress: a study of posttraumatic stress disorder in children living in three severely affected regions in Sri Lanka. Journal of traumatic stress, 19(3), p 339-347.
F. Neuner, et al., “Post-tsunami stress: a study of posttraumatic stress disorder in children living in three severely affected regions in Sri Lanka”, Journal of traumatic stress, vol. 19, 2006, pp. 339-347.
Neuner, F., Schauer, E., Catani, C., Ruf, M., Elbert, T.: Post-tsunami stress: a study of posttraumatic stress disorder in children living in three severely affected regions in Sri Lanka. Journal of traumatic stress. 19, 339-347 (2006).
Neuner, Frank, Schauer, Elisabeth, Catani, Claudia, Ruf, Martina, and Elbert, Thomas. “Post-tsunami stress: a study of posttraumatic stress disorder in children living in three severely affected regions in Sri Lanka”. Journal of traumatic stress 19.3 (2006): 339-347.

59 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Genetic and Environmental Predictors of Adolescent PTSD Symptom Trajectories Following a Natural Disaster.
Sheerin CM, Kovalchick LV, Overstreet C, Rappaport LM, Williamson V, Vladimirov V, Ruggiero KJ, Amstadter AB., Brain Sci 9(6), 2019
PMID: 31226868
A controlled trial of trauma-focused therapy versus problem-solving in Islamic children affected by civil conflict and disaster in Aceh, Indonesia.
Dawson K, Joscelyne A, Meijer C, Steel Z, Silove D, Bryant RA., Aust N Z J Psychiatry 52(3), 2018
PMID: 28606000
Effects of Stress Related to the Gulf Oil Spill on Child and Adolescent Mental Health.
Osofsky JD, Osofsky HJ, Weems CF, Hansel TC, King LS., J Pediatr Psychol 41(1), 2016
PMID: 25306404
Regional differences in post-traumatic stress symptoms among children after the 2011 tsunami in Higashi-Matsushima, Japan.
Kuwabara H, Araki T, Yamasaki S, Ando S, Kano Y, Kasai K., Brain Dev 37(1), 2015
PMID: 24581732
Randomized Controlled Trial of Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Tsunami in Thailand.
Pityaratstian N, Piyasil V, Ketumarn P, Sitdhiraksa N, Ularntinon S, Pariwatcharakul P., Behav Cogn Psychother 43(5), 2015
PMID: 24709121
Parental care protects traumatized Sri Lankan children from internalizing behavior problems.
Sriskandarajah V, Neuner F, Catani C., BMC Psychiatry 15(), 2015
PMID: 26302824
Toward best-practice post-disaster mental health promotion for children: Sri Lanka.
Commers MJ, Morival M, Devries MW., Health Promot Int 29(1), 2014
PMID: 22952338
[Screening for posttraumatic stress disorder in people affected by the 2010 earthquake in Chile.]
Fernández AR, Estario JC, Enders JE, Neira MJ, Abeldaño RA., Cad Saude Publica 30(11), 2014
PMID: 25493991
Prevalence and predictors of stress disorders following two earthquakes.
Yuan KC, Ruo Yao Z, Zhen Yu S, Xu Dong Z, Jian Zhong Y, Edwards JG, Edwards GD., Int J Soc Psychiatry 59(6), 2013
PMID: 22851134
Does a non-destructive earthquake cause posttraumatic stress disorder? A cross-sectional study.
Gökçen C, Sahingöz M, Annagür BB., Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 22(5), 2013
PMID: 23183912
Posttraumatic stress disorder symptom trajectories in Hurricane Katrina affected youth.
Self-Brown S, Lai BS, Thompson JE, McGill T, Kelley ML., J Affect Disord 147(1-3), 2013
PMID: 23206321
The effect of long-term relocation on child and adolescent survivors of Hurricane Katrina.
Hansel TC, Osofsky JD, Osofsky HJ, Friedrich P., J Trauma Stress 26(5), 2013
PMID: 24115291
Listen protect connect for traumatized schoolchildren: a pilot study of psychological first aid.
Ramirez M, Harland K, Frederick M, Shepherd R, Wong M, Cavanaugh JE., BMC Psychol 1(1), 2013
PMID: 25566374
The validity of the DSM-IV PTSD criteria in children and adolescents: a review.
Blom M, Oberink R., Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 17(4), 2012
PMID: 22287553
Psychological morbidity in children 18 months after Kashmir Earthquake of 2005.
Ayub M, Poongan I, Masood K, Gul H, Ali M, Farrukh A, Shaheen A, Chaudhry HR, Naeem F., Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 43(3), 2012
PMID: 22080367
A rapid screening tool for psychological distress in children 3-6years old: results of a validation study.
Marquer C, Barry C, Mouchenik Y, Hustache S, Djibo DM, Manzo ML, Falissard B, Révah-Lévy A, Grais RF, Moro MR., BMC Psychiatry 12(), 2012
PMID: 23072651
Children's and parents' posttraumatic stress reactions after the 2004 tsunami.
Dyb G, Jensen TK, Nygaard E., Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 16(4), 2011
PMID: 21565871
Family structure and posttraumatic stress reactions: a longitudinal study using multilevel analyses.
Nygaard E, Wentzel-Larsen T, Hussain A, Heir T., BMC Psychiatry 11(), 2011
PMID: 22171549
Some clinical characteristics of children who survived the Marmara earthquakes.
Demir T, Demir DE, Alkas L, Copur M, Dogangun B, Kayaalp L., Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 19(2), 2010
PMID: 19639383
A randomized trial of a reconciliation workshop with and without PTSD psychoeducation in Burundian sample.
Yeomans PD, Forman EM, Herbert JD, Yuen E., J Trauma Stress 23(3), 2010
PMID: 20564362
Developmental differences in children's and adolescents' post-disaster reactions.
Dogan-Ates A., Issues Ment Health Nurs 31(7), 2010
PMID: 20521917
Tsunami, war, and cumulative risk in the lives of Sri Lankan schoolchildren.
Catani C, Gewirtz AH, Wieling E, Schauer E, Elbert T, Neuner F., Child Dev 81(4), 2010
PMID: 20636689
Children of Katrina: lessons learned about postdisaster symptoms and recovery patterns.
Kronenberg ME, Hansel TC, Brennan AM, Osofsky HJ, Osofsky JD, Lawrason B., Child Dev 81(4), 2010
PMID: 20636693
Trends in serious emotional disturbance among youths exposed to Hurricane Katrina.
McLaughlin KA, Fairbank JA, Gruber MJ, Jones RT, Osofsky JD, Pfefferbaum B, Sampson NA, Kessler RC., J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 49(10), 2010
PMID: 20855044
HADStress screen for posttraumatic stress: replication in ethiopian refugees.
Gulden A, Westermeyer J, Lien R, Spring M, Johnson D, Butcher J, Jaranson J., J Nerv Ment Dis 198(10), 2010
PMID: 20921868
Multiple trauma and mental health in former Ugandan child soldiers.
Klasen F, Oettingen G, Daniels J, Adam H., J Trauma Stress 23(5), 2010
PMID: 21053376
Psychosocial predictors of chronic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Sri Lankan tsunami survivors.
Lommen MJ, Sanders AJ, Buck N, Arntz A., Behav Res Ther 47(1), 2009
PMID: 19013551
No PTSD-related differences in diurnal cortisol profiles of genocide survivors.
Eckart C, Engler H, Riether C, Kolassa S, Elbert T, Kolassa IT., Psychoneuroendocrinology 34(4), 2009
PMID: 19054622
Global climate change and health: developing a research agenda for the NIH.
Rosenthal JP, Jessup CM., Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc 120(), 2009
PMID: 19768170
Trauma-related impairment in children--a survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by armed conflict.
Elbert T, Schauer M, Schauer E, Huschka B, Hirth M, Neuner F., Child Abuse Negl 33(4), 2009
PMID: 19324413
Posttraumatic stress symptoms in children after Hurricane Katrina: predicting the need for mental health services.
Osofsky HJ, Osofsky JD, Kronenberg M, Brennan A, Hansel TC., Am J Orthopsychiatry 79(2), 2009
PMID: 19485638
Impact of exposure to trauma on posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology in Swedish tourist tsunami survivors.
Johannesson KB, Michel PO, Hultman CM, Lindam A, Arnberg F, Lundin T., J Nerv Ment Dis 197(5), 2009
PMID: 19440104
War trauma, child labor, and family violence: life adversities and PTSD in a sample of school children in Kabul.
Catani C, Schauer E, Elbert T, Missmahl I, Bette JP, Neuner F., J Trauma Stress 22(3), 2009
PMID: 19462436
Parental exposure to mass violence and child mental health: the First Responder and WTC Evacuee Study.
Hoven CW, Duarte CS, Wu P, Doan T, Singh N, Mandell DJ, Bin F, Teichman Y, Teichman M, Wicks J, Musa G, Cohen P., Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 12(2), 2009
PMID: 19484384
Prevalence of tsunami-related PTSD and MDD in Thailand.
Udomratn P., Asian J Psychiatr 2(4), 2009
PMID: 23051090
Impact of a technological disaster on young children: a five-year postdisaster multiinformant study.
Boer F, Smit C, Morren M, Roorda J, Yzermans J., J Trauma Stress 22(6), 2009
PMID: 19824065
Post-traumatic stress disorder following disasters: a systematic review.
Neria Y, Nandi A, Galea S., Psychol Med 38(4), 2008
PMID: 17803838
Beyond individual war trauma: domestic violence against children in Afghanistan and Sri Lanka.
Catani C, Schauer E, Neuner F., J Marital Fam Ther 34(2), 2008
PMID: 18412824
Parenting practices as potential mechanisms for child adjustment following mass trauma.
Gewirtz A, Forgatch M, Wieling E., J Marital Fam Ther 34(2), 2008
PMID: 18412825
From efficacy to effectiveness: the trajectory of the treatment literature for children with PTSD.
Nikulina V, Hergenrother JM, Brown EJ, Doyle ME, Filton BJ, Carson GS., Expert Rev Neurother 8(8), 2008
PMID: 18671667
Psychosocial responses to disaster: An Asian perspective.
Sundram S, Karim ME, Ladrido-Ignacio L, Maramis A, Mufti KA, Nagaraja D, Shinfuku N, Somasundaram D, Udomratn P, Yizhuang Z, Ahsan A, Chaudhry HR, Chowdhury S, D'Souza R, Dongfeng Z, Firoz AH, Hamid MA, Indradjaya S, Math SB, Mustafizur RA, Naeem F, Wahab MA., Asian J Psychiatr 1(1), 2008
PMID: 23050979
Screening for posttraumatic stress disorder among Somali ex-combatants: a validation study.
Odenwald M, Lingenfelder B, Schauer M, Neuner F, Rockstroh B, Hinkel H, Elbert T., Confl Health 1(), 2007
PMID: 17822562

21 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Childhood physical abuse and combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder in Vietnam veterans.
Bremner JD, Southwick SM, Johnson DR, Yehuda R, Charney DS., Am J Psychiatry 150(2), 1993
PMID: 8422073

Catani, 2005

Elbert, 2006
Outcome of psychotherapy among early adolescents after trauma.
Goenjian AK, Karayan I, Pynoos RS, Minassian D, Najarian LM, Steinberg AM, Fairbanks LA., Am J Psychiatry 154(4), 1997
PMID: 9090342
Posttraumatic stress and depressive reactions among Nicaraguan adolescents after hurricane Mitch.
Goenjian AK, Molina L, Steinberg AM, Fairbanks LA, Alvarez ML, Goenjian HA, Pynoos RS., Am J Psychiatry 158(5), 2001
PMID: 11329403

Goenjian, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia 90(), 1994
Psychiatric comorbidity in children after the 1988 earthquake in Armenia.
Goenjian AK, Pynoos RS, Steinberg AM, Najarian LM, Asarnow JR, Karayan I, Ghurabi M, Fairbanks LA., J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 34(9), 1995
PMID: 7559312
Prospective study of posttraumatic stress, anxiety, and depressive reactions after earthquake and political violence.
Goenjian AK, Steinberg AM, Najarian LM, Fairbanks LA, Tashjian M, Pynoos RS., Am J Psychiatry 157(6), 2000
PMID: 10831470

Symptoms of posttraumatic stress in children after Hurricane Andrew: a prospective study.
La Greca A, Silverman WK, Vernberg EM, Prinstein MJ., J Consult Clin Psychol 64(4), 1996
PMID: 8803361
Acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents involved in assaults or motor vehicle accidents.
Meiser-Stedman R, Yule W, Smith P, Glucksman E, Dalgleish T., Am J Psychiatry 162(7), 2005
PMID: 15994725
Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees.
Neuner F, Schauer M, Karunakara U, Klaschik C, Robert C, Elbert T., BMC Psychiatry 4(), 2004
PMID: 15504233
60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981-2001.
Norris FH, Friedman MJ, Watson PJ, Byrne CM, Diaz E, Kaniasty K., Psychiatry 65(3), 2002
PMID: 12405079
Postdisaster PTSD over four waves of a panel study of Mexico's 1999 flood.
Norris FH, Murphy AD, Baker CK, Perilla JL., J Trauma Stress 17(4), 2004
PMID: 15462535
Developing a culturally and ecologically sound intervention program for youth exposed to war and terrorism.
Saltzman WR, Layne CM, Steinberg AM, Arslanagic B, Pynoos RS., Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 12(2), 2003
PMID: 12725014
Assessment of psychological functioning in adolescent earthquake victims in Colombia using the MMPI-A.
Scott RL, Knoth RL, Beltran-Quiones M, Gomez N., J Trauma Stress 16(1), 2003
PMID: 12602652

Somasundaram, 1993
The University of California at Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index.
Steinberg AM, Brymer MJ, Decker KB, Pynoos RS., Curr Psychiatry Rep 6(2), 2004
PMID: 15038911



Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®


PMID: 16789000
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar