Neuropsychological impairments in the recognition of faces, voices, and personal names

Neuner F, Schweinberger SR (2000)
Brain and cognition 44(3): 342-366.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht| Englisch
 
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Autor/in
Neuner, FrankUniBi; Schweinberger, S. R.
Abstract / Bemerkung
In order to determine the dissociability of face, voice, and personal name recognition, we studied the performance of 36 brain-lesioned patients and 20 control subjects. Participants performed familiarity decisions for portraits, voice samples, and written names of celebrities and unfamiliar people. In those patients who displayed significant impairments in any of these tests, the specificity of these impairments was tested using corresponding object recognition tests (with pictures of objects, environmental sounds, or written common words as stimuli). The results showed that 58% of the patients were significantly impaired in at least one test of person recognition. Moreover, 28% of the patients showed impairments that appeared to be specific for people (i.e., performance was preserved in the corresponding object recognition test). Three patients showed a deficit that appeared to be confined to the recognition of familiar voices, a pattern that was not described previously. Results were generally consistent with the assumption that impairments in face, voice, and name recognition are dissociable from one another. In contrast, there was no clear evidence for a dissociability between deficits in face and voice naming. The results further suggest that (a) impairments in person recognition after brain lesions may be more common than was thought previously and (b) the patterns of impairment that were observed can be interpreted using current cognitive models of person recognition (Bruce & Young, 1986; Burton, Bruce, & Johnston, 1990).
Stichworte
Neuropsychological Tests; Names; Middle Aged; Male; Voice; Severity of Illness Index; Humans; Functional Laterality/physiology; Female; Face; Brain Diseases/physiopathology; Brain Diseases/complications; Agnosia/diagnosis; Agnosia/etiology
Erscheinungsjahr
2000
Zeitschriftentitel
Brain and cognition
Band
44
Ausgabe
3
Seite(n)
342-366
ISSN
0278-2626
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2541533

Zitieren

Neuner F, Schweinberger SR. Neuropsychological impairments in the recognition of faces, voices, and personal names. Brain and cognition. 2000;44(3):342-366.
Neuner, F., & Schweinberger, S. R. (2000). Neuropsychological impairments in the recognition of faces, voices, and personal names. Brain and cognition, 44(3), 342-366. doi:10.1006/brcg.1999.1196
Neuner, F., and Schweinberger, S. R. (2000). Neuropsychological impairments in the recognition of faces, voices, and personal names. Brain and cognition 44, 342-366.
Neuner, F., & Schweinberger, S.R., 2000. Neuropsychological impairments in the recognition of faces, voices, and personal names. Brain and cognition, 44(3), p 342-366.
F. Neuner and S.R. Schweinberger, “Neuropsychological impairments in the recognition of faces, voices, and personal names”, Brain and cognition, vol. 44, 2000, pp. 342-366.
Neuner, F., Schweinberger, S.R.: Neuropsychological impairments in the recognition of faces, voices, and personal names. Brain and cognition. 44, 342-366 (2000).
Neuner, Frank, and Schweinberger, S. R. “Neuropsychological impairments in the recognition of faces, voices, and personal names”. Brain and cognition 44.3 (2000): 342-366.

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