@article{2323265,
abstract = {By considering a simplified but exact model for realizing the ekpyrotic scenario, we clarify various assumptions that have been used in the literature. In particular, we discuss the new ekpyrotic prescription for passing the perturbations through the singularity which we show to provide a spectrum depending on a nonphysical normalization function. We also show that this prescription does not reproduce the exact result for a sharp transition. Then, more generally, we demonstrate that, in the only case where a bounce can be obtained in Einstein general relativity without facing singularities and/or violation of the standard energy conditions, the bounce cannot be made arbitrarily short. This contrasts with the standard (inflationary) situation where the transition between two eras with different values of the equation of state can be considered as instantaneous. We then argue that the usually conserved quantities are not constant on a typical bounce time scale. Finally, we also examine the case of a test scalar field (or gravitational waves) where similar results are obtained. We conclude that the full dynamical equations of the underlying theory should be solved in a nonsingular case before any conclusion can be drawn.},
author = {Martin, J and Peter, P and Pinto-Neto, N and Schwarz, Dominik},
issn = {1089-4918},
journal = {PHYSICAL REVIEW D},
number = {12},
publisher = {AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOC},
title = {{Passing through the bounce in the ekpyrotic models}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.65.123513},
volume = {65},
year = {2002},
}