Functions and fixed types: Biological and other functions in the post-adaptationist era

Krohs U (2011)
Applied Ontology 6(2): 125-139.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
Restricted Krohs2011FunctionsFixedTypes.pdf
Abstract / Bemerkung
Among naturalistic theories of biological functions, only those that do not reduce functions to actual causal roles allow for a distinction of function and dysfunction. Most prominent among those theories are etiological theories of function, which refer to adaptive evolutionary processes as the source of normativity. Standard criticism of this approach refers to the inadequacy of the result that novel traits could not have any function, and to 'swampman'-arguments. I criticize etiological theories of biological functions for the novel reason that it is inadequate in any other theoretical framework than gene deterministic adaptationism, and that present day biology is not adequately described as being uniformly adaptationistic. An alternative theory of normative functions, which refers to the type-token relation as the source of normativity, grasps more adequately function ascriptions within current biological frameworks. The theory naturalizes the type-token relation in terms of type fixation by concrete instances and thus refers only to token-token interactions. I further develop how this approach unifies biological and artifactual functions and show how it accounts for function ascriptions in cases where ontogenetic processes have an impact on the type of the developing biological entity, and where decisions in the construction site and modifications rather than construction plans are determining types of artifact components.
Stichworte
naturalization of; function; dysfunction; Adaptationism; Millikan; type fixation; norms
Erscheinungsjahr
2011
Zeitschriftentitel
Applied Ontology
Band
6
Ausgabe
2
Seite(n)
125-139
ISSN
1570-5838
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2289661

Zitieren

Krohs U. Functions and fixed types: Biological and other functions in the post-adaptationist era. Applied Ontology. 2011;6(2):125-139.
Krohs, U. (2011). Functions and fixed types: Biological and other functions in the post-adaptationist era. Applied Ontology, 6(2), 125-139. doi:10.3233/AO-2011-0089
Krohs, U. (2011). Functions and fixed types: Biological and other functions in the post-adaptationist era. Applied Ontology 6, 125-139.
Krohs, U., 2011. Functions and fixed types: Biological and other functions in the post-adaptationist era. Applied Ontology, 6(2), p 125-139.
U. Krohs, “Functions and fixed types: Biological and other functions in the post-adaptationist era”, Applied Ontology, vol. 6, 2011, pp. 125-139.
Krohs, U.: Functions and fixed types: Biological and other functions in the post-adaptationist era. Applied Ontology. 6, 125-139 (2011).
Krohs, Ulrich. “Functions and fixed types: Biological and other functions in the post-adaptationist era”. Applied Ontology 6.2 (2011): 125-139.
Volltext(e)
Name
Krohs2011FunctionsFixedTypes.pdf
Access Level
Restricted Closed Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
2019-09-06T08:57:36Z
MD5 Prüfsumme
64e82947794c3440d598a720a60df8e4