Within- and Cross-Modal Distance Information Disambiguate Visual Size-Change Perception

Battaglia PW, Di Luca M, Ernst MO, Schrater PR, Machulla T, Kersten D (2010)
PLoS Computational Biology 6(3): e1000697.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Es wurden keine Dateien hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Battaglia, Peter W.; Di Luca, Massimiliano; Ernst, Marc O.UniBi; Schrater, Paul R.; Machulla, Tonja; Kersten, Daniel
Abstract / Bemerkung
Perception is fundamentally underconstrained because different combinations of object properties can generate the same sensory information. To disambiguate sensory information into estimates of scene properties, our brains incorporate prior knowledge and additional "auxiliary'' (i.e., not directly relevant to desired scene property) sensory information to constrain perceptual interpretations. For example, knowing the distance to an object helps in perceiving its size. The literature contains few demonstrations of the use of prior knowledge and auxiliary information in combined visual and haptic disambiguation and almost no examination of haptic disambiguation of vision beyond "bistable'' stimuli. Previous studies have reported humans integrate multiple unambiguous sensations to perceive single, continuous object properties, like size or position. Here we test whether humans use visual and haptic information, individually and jointly, to disambiguate size from distance. We presented participants with a ball moving in depth with a changing diameter. Because no unambiguous distance information is available under monocular viewing, participants rely on prior assumptions about the ball's distance to disambiguate their-size percept. Presenting auxiliary binocular and/or haptic distance information augments participants' prior distance assumptions and improves their size judgment accuracy-though binocular cues were trusted more than haptic. Our results suggest both visual and haptic distance information disambiguate size perception, and we interpret these results in the context of probabilistic perceptual reasoning.
PLoS Computational Biology
Page URI


Battaglia PW, Di Luca M, Ernst MO, Schrater PR, Machulla T, Kersten D. Within- and Cross-Modal Distance Information Disambiguate Visual Size-Change Perception. PLoS Computational Biology. 2010;6(3): e1000697.
Battaglia, P. W., Di Luca, M., Ernst, M. O., Schrater, P. R., Machulla, T., & Kersten, D. (2010). Within- and Cross-Modal Distance Information Disambiguate Visual Size-Change Perception. PLoS Computational Biology, 6(3), e1000697. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000697
Battaglia, P. W., Di Luca, M., Ernst, M. O., Schrater, P. R., Machulla, T., and Kersten, D. (2010). Within- and Cross-Modal Distance Information Disambiguate Visual Size-Change Perception. PLoS Computational Biology 6:e1000697.
Battaglia, P.W., et al., 2010. Within- and Cross-Modal Distance Information Disambiguate Visual Size-Change Perception. PLoS Computational Biology, 6(3): e1000697.
P.W. Battaglia, et al., “Within- and Cross-Modal Distance Information Disambiguate Visual Size-Change Perception”, PLoS Computational Biology, vol. 6, 2010, : e1000697.
Battaglia, P.W., Di Luca, M., Ernst, M.O., Schrater, P.R., Machulla, T., Kersten, D.: Within- and Cross-Modal Distance Information Disambiguate Visual Size-Change Perception. PLoS Computational Biology. 6, : e1000697 (2010).
Battaglia, Peter W., Di Luca, Massimiliano, Ernst, Marc O., Schrater, Paul R., Machulla, Tonja, and Kersten, Daniel. “Within- and Cross-Modal Distance Information Disambiguate Visual Size-Change Perception”. PLoS Computational Biology 6.3 (2010): e1000697.

5 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Dynamic weighting of multisensory stimuli shapes decision-making in rats and humans.
Sheppard JP, Raposo D, Churchland AK., J Vis 13(6), 2013
PMID: 23658374
Perceived size change induced by nonvisual signals in darkness: the relative contribution of vergence and proprioception.
Sperandio I, Kaderali S, Chouinard PA, Frey J, Goodale MA., J Neurosci 33(43), 2013
PMID: 24155297
How haptic size sensations improve distance perception.
Battaglia PW, Kersten D, Schrater PR., PLoS Comput Biol 7(6), 2011
PMID: 21738457
Causal inference in perception.
Shams L, Beierholm UR., Trends Cogn Sci 14(9), 2010
PMID: 20705502

68 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Elemente der Psychophysik, II.
Fechner GT., 1860
Beitriige zur Physiologie, I.
Hering null., 1861
Determinants of apparent visual size with distance variant.
Holway AH, Boring EG., 1941
The current status of the size-distance hypothesis.
Epstein W, Park J, Casey A., 1961
The size-distance invariance hypothesis.
Kilpatrick FP, Ittelson WH., 1953
A test of the invariance of the ration of perceived size to perceived distance.
Gogel WC, Wist ER, Harker GS., 1963
Distal and proximal size under reduced and non-reduced viewing conditions.
Ono H., 1966
Accommodation as a cue to distance.
Heinemann EG, Nachmias J., 1965
The role of knowledge in distance-perception.
Gruber HE, Dinnerstein AJ., 1965
Absolute motion parallax and the specific distance tendency.
Gogel WC, Tietz JD., 1973
Size-distance paradox with accommodative micropsia.
Ono H, Muter P, Mitson L., 1974
Perceived distance, shape and size.
Brenner E, van Damme WJ., Vision Res. 39(5), 1999
PMID: 10341949
The moon illusion thirty years later.
Kaufman L, Rock I., 1989
The effect of false perspective cues on distance- and size-judgments: an examination of the invariance hypothesis.
Blessing WW, Landauer AA, Coltheart M., 1967
Some recent studies on the extraretinal contribution to distance perception.
Mon-Williams M, Tresilian JR., Perception 28(2), 1999
PMID: 10615458
Scalar perceptions with binocular cues of distance.
Gogel WC., 1972
Observer movement and size constancy.
Combe E, Wexler M., 2009
Integration of proprioceptive and visual position-information: An experimentally supported model.
van RJ, Sittig AC, Gon JJ., 1999

Knill DC, Richards W., 1996
The Bayesian brain: The role of uncertainty in neural coding and computation for perception and action.
Knill DC, Pouget A., 2004

Hershenson ME., 1998
Motion illusions as optimal percepts.
Weiss Y, Simoncelli EP, Adelson EH., 2002
A computational theory for the perception of coherent visual motion.
Yuille AL, Grzywacz NM., Nature 333(6168), 1988
PMID: 3362210
Noise characteristics and prior expectations in human visual speed perception.
Stocker AA, Simoncelli EP., 2006
Voluntary head movement and allocentric perception of space.
Wexler M., 2003
The stationarity hypothesis: an allocentric criterion in visual perception.
Wexler M, Lamouret I, Droulez J., Vision Res. 41(23), 2001
PMID: 11704240
Merging the senses into a robust percept.
Ernst MO, Bülthoff HH., 2004
Integration of stereopsis and motion shape cues.
Johnston EB, Cumming BG, Landy MS., Vision Res. 34(17), 1994
PMID: 7941420
Measurement and modeling of depth cue combination: in defense of weak fusion.
Landy MS, Maloney LT, Johnston EB, Young M., Vision Res. 35(3), 1995
PMID: 7892735
Ideal cue combination for localizing texture-defined edges.
Landy MS, Kojima H., J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 18(9), 2001
PMID: 11551065
Bayesian integration of visual and auditory signals for spatial localization.
Battaglia PW, Jacobs RA, Aslin RN., 2003
Slant from texture and disparity cues: optimal cue combination.
Hillis JM, Watt SJ, Landy MS, Banks MS., J Vis 4(12), 2004
PMID: 15669906
Sound-induced flash illusion as an optimal percept.
Shams L, Ma WJ, Beierholm U., Neuroreport 16(17), 2005
PMID: 16272880
A Bayesian view on multimodal cue integration.
Ernst MO., 2005

Pearl J., 1988
Object perception as Bayesian inference.
Kersten D, Mamassian P, Yuille A., 2004
Prior knowledge on the illumination position.
Mamassian P, Goutcher R., 2001
Interaction of visual prior constraints.
Mamassian P, Landy MS., Vision Res. 41(20), 2001
PMID: 11520511
Experience can change the ‘light-from-above’ prior.
Adams WJ, Graf EW, Ernst MO., 2004
Lightness Perception and lightness illusions.
Adelson HE., 2000
A statistical framework for robust fusion of depth information. In: Pearlman WA, editor. Visual Communications and Image Processing IV.
Maloney LT, Landy MS., 1989
Apparent surface curvature affects lightness perception.
Knill DC, Kersten D., Nature 351(6323), 1991
PMID: 2041568
Motion-disparity interaction and the scaling of stereoscopic disparity.
Landy MS, Brenner E., 2001
Sound alters visual motion perception.
Sekuler R, Sekuler AB, Lau R., Nature 385(6614), 1997
PMID: 9002513
Neural synergy between kinetic vision and touch.
Blake R, Sobel KV, James TW., 2004
Perceiving object motion using vision and touch.
James TW, Blake R., 2004
Self-motion and the perception of stationary objects.
Wexler M, Panerai F, Lamouret I, Droulez J., Nature 409(6816), 2001
PMID: 11343118
Auxiliary object knowledge influences visually-guided interception behavior.
Battaglia PW, Schrater PR, Kersten DJ., 2005
A Bayesian model of the disambiguation of gravitoinertial force by visual cues.
MacNeilage PR, Banks MS, Berger DR, Bulthoff HH., Exp Brain Res 179(2), 2006
PMID: 17136526
Moving cast shadows induce apparent motion in depth.
Kersten D, Mamassian P, Knill DC., Perception 26(2), 1997
PMID: 9274752
Combining sensory information: Mandatory fusion within but not between senses.
Hillis JM, Ernst MO, Banks MS, Landy MS., 2002
Learning to integrate arbitrary signals from vision and touch.
Ernst MO., 2007
Causal inference in cue combination.
Körding KP, Beierholm U, Ma W, Quartz S, Tenenbaum J, Shams L., 2007
Bayesian inference explains perception of unity and ventriloquism aftereffect: identification of common sources of audiovisual stimuli.
Sato Y, Toyoizumi T, Aihara K., 2007
What determines visual cue reliability?
Jacobs RA., 2002
Weighted combination of size and disparity: a computational model for timing a ball catch.
Rushton SK, Wann JP., 1999

Efron B, Tibshirani RJ., 1993
The psychometric function: I. Fitting, sampling and goodness-of-fit.
Wichmann FA, Hill NJ., 2001
The psychometric function: II. Bootstrap-based confidence intervals and sampling.
Wichmann FA, Hill NJ., 2001
LIBRA: a MATLAB Library for Robust Analysis.
Verboven S, Hubert M., 2005


Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®


PMID: 20221263
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar