Conformational analysis of 1,4-disilabutane and 1,5-disilapentane by combined application of gas-phase electron diffraction and ab initio calculations and the crystal structure of 1,5-disilapentane at low temperatures

Mitzel NW, Smart BA, Blake AJ, Robertson HE, Rankin DWH (1996)
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 100(22): 9339-9347.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Mitzel, Norbert W.UniBi; Smart, BA; Blake, AJ; Robertson, HE; Rankin, DWH
Abstract / Bemerkung
The gas-phase structures of the conformers of 1,4-disilabutane and 1,5-disilapentane have been analyzed from electron-diffraction data augmented by flexible restraints derived from ab initio calculations. This allowed the simultaneous refinement of 22 and 29 parameters for 1,4-disilabutane and 1,5-disilapentane, respectively. 1,4-Disilabutane has been found to be present in the vapour predominantly in the anti (A) form (76(2)% from the experiment, 83% predicted by theory). Consistency in the geometries is found between theoretical predictions and experimental findings, except for the torsion angle angle(SiCCSi) of the gauche (G) conformer [exptl 78.5(21)degrees, theor 68.0 degrees]. The AA conformer of 1,5-disilapentane was always found to be the lowest energy structure, while some doubt still remains about the ordering of the AG and G(+)G(-) conformers. The AA conformer is found to be the sole form present in the crystal [C2/c, a = 15.585(8), b = 4.704(3), c = 9.895(6) Angstrom, beta = 95.77(4)degrees, Z = 4]. Good agreement is found for geometrical parameters determined experimentally in the gas phase and solid state and calculated by nb initio methods. The following values represent the most important distances (r(g)/Angstrom) and angles (angle(g)/deg) found for the gas phase and crystal structures. 1,4-Disilabutane GED (A/G, esd's correspond to 1 sigma): r(CSi) 1.882(1)/1.885(1), r(CC) 1.563(5)/1.563(5), r(SiH) both 1.499(3), angle(CCSi) 110.7(2)/114.4(5), angle(SiCCSi) 180.0/78.5(21). 1,5-Disilapentane GED [AA/G(+)G(-)]: r(CSi) 1.886(1)/1.888(1), r(CC) 1.537(2)/1.539(2), r(SiH) both 1.487(4), angle(CCC)114.8(7)/118.8(7), angle(CCSi)114.1(4)/116.8(7), angle(SiCCC) 180.0/60.9(10); X [%, AA/AG/G(+)G(-)] 28(4)/40(5)/26(6). 1,5-Disilapentane XRD: r(CSi) 1.868(2), r(CC) 1.527(2), angle(CCC) 113.8(2), angle(CCSi) 115.2(1), angle(siCCC) 180.0(1).
Erscheinungsjahr
1996
Zeitschriftentitel
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
Band
100
Ausgabe
22
Seite(n)
9339-9347
ISSN
0022-3654
eISSN
1541-5740
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/1928998

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Mitzel NW, Smart BA, Blake AJ, Robertson HE, Rankin DWH. Conformational analysis of 1,4-disilabutane and 1,5-disilapentane by combined application of gas-phase electron diffraction and ab initio calculations and the crystal structure of 1,5-disilapentane at low temperatures. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. 1996;100(22):9339-9347.
Mitzel, N. W., Smart, B. A., Blake, A. J., Robertson, H. E., & Rankin, D. W. H. (1996). Conformational analysis of 1,4-disilabutane and 1,5-disilapentane by combined application of gas-phase electron diffraction and ab initio calculations and the crystal structure of 1,5-disilapentane at low temperatures. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, 100(22), 9339-9347. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp9600468
Mitzel, N. W., Smart, B. A., Blake, A. J., Robertson, H. E., and Rankin, D. W. H. (1996). Conformational analysis of 1,4-disilabutane and 1,5-disilapentane by combined application of gas-phase electron diffraction and ab initio calculations and the crystal structure of 1,5-disilapentane at low temperatures. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 100, 9339-9347.
Mitzel, N.W., et al., 1996. Conformational analysis of 1,4-disilabutane and 1,5-disilapentane by combined application of gas-phase electron diffraction and ab initio calculations and the crystal structure of 1,5-disilapentane at low temperatures. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, 100(22), p 9339-9347.
N.W. Mitzel, et al., “Conformational analysis of 1,4-disilabutane and 1,5-disilapentane by combined application of gas-phase electron diffraction and ab initio calculations and the crystal structure of 1,5-disilapentane at low temperatures”, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 100, 1996, pp. 9339-9347.
Mitzel, N.W., Smart, B.A., Blake, A.J., Robertson, H.E., Rankin, D.W.H.: Conformational analysis of 1,4-disilabutane and 1,5-disilapentane by combined application of gas-phase electron diffraction and ab initio calculations and the crystal structure of 1,5-disilapentane at low temperatures. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. 100, 9339-9347 (1996).
Mitzel, Norbert W., Smart, BA, Blake, AJ, Robertson, HE, and Rankin, DWH. “Conformational analysis of 1,4-disilabutane and 1,5-disilapentane by combined application of gas-phase electron diffraction and ab initio calculations and the crystal structure of 1,5-disilapentane at low temperatures”. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 100.22 (1996): 9339-9347.

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