Three-membered ring or open chain molecule - (F3C)F2SiONMe2 a model for the alpha-effect in silicon chemistry

Mitzel NW, Vojinovic K, Fröhlich R, Foerster T, Robertson HE, Borisenko KB, Rankin DWH (2005)
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 127(39): 13705-13713.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
(F3C)F2SiONMe2 was prepared from LiONMe2 and F3CSiF3- It was characterized by gas IR and multinuclear solution NMR spectroscopy and by mass spectrometry. Its structure was elucidated by single crystal X-ray crystallography and by gas electron diffraction. (It exists as a conformer mixture.) Important findings were extremely acute SiON angles [solid 74.1 (1)degrees, gas anti 84.4(32)degrees and gauche 87.8(20)degrees] and short (SiN)-N-... distances [solid 1.904(2) angstrom]. The bending potential of the SiON unit was calculated at the MP2/6-311++G(3df,2dp) level of theory and appears very flat and highly asymmetric. The calculated atomic charges (NPA) are counterintuitive to the expected behavior for a classical Si-N dative bond, as upon formation of the (SiN)-N-... bond electron density is transferred mainly from oxygen to nitrogen, while the silicon charge is almost unaffected. Despite the molecular topology of a three-membered ring, the topology of the electron density shows neither a bond critical point between Si and N atoms nor a ring critical point, but the electron density and Laplacian values are related to other hypercoordinate Si compounds. The electronic properties of (F3C)F2SiONMe2 were compared to those of the adduct (F3C)F-2(MeO)Si-NMe3, whose properties and structure were also calculated. The charge distribution and Laplacian values along the Si-N vectors in both molecules are similar but not equivalent. (F3C)F2SiONMe2 contains thus a nonclassical (SiN)-N-... bond, and its properties can be regarded as a new model for the explanation of the old postulate of an a-effect in silicon chemistry, explaining the behavior of compounds with geminal Si and N atoms.
Erscheinungsjahr
2005
Zeitschriftentitel
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
Band
127
Ausgabe
39
Seite(n)
13705-13713
ISSN
0002-7863
eISSN
1520-5126
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/1928586

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Mitzel NW, Vojinovic K, Fröhlich R, et al. Three-membered ring or open chain molecule - (F3C)F2SiONMe2 a model for the alpha-effect in silicon chemistry. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. 2005;127(39):13705-13713.
Mitzel, N. W., Vojinovic, K., Fröhlich, R., Foerster, T., Robertson, H. E., Borisenko, K. B., & Rankin, D. W. H. (2005). Three-membered ring or open chain molecule - (F3C)F2SiONMe2 a model for the alpha-effect in silicon chemistry. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 127(39), 13705-13713. doi:10.1021/ja052865o
Mitzel, N. W., Vojinovic, K., Fröhlich, R., Foerster, T., Robertson, H. E., Borisenko, K. B., and Rankin, D. W. H. (2005). Three-membered ring or open chain molecule - (F3C)F2SiONMe2 a model for the alpha-effect in silicon chemistry. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 127, 13705-13713.
Mitzel, N.W., et al., 2005. Three-membered ring or open chain molecule - (F3C)F2SiONMe2 a model for the alpha-effect in silicon chemistry. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 127(39), p 13705-13713.
N.W. Mitzel, et al., “Three-membered ring or open chain molecule - (F3C)F2SiONMe2 a model for the alpha-effect in silicon chemistry”, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, vol. 127, 2005, pp. 13705-13713.
Mitzel, N.W., Vojinovic, K., Fröhlich, R., Foerster, T., Robertson, H.E., Borisenko, K.B., Rankin, D.W.H.: Three-membered ring or open chain molecule - (F3C)F2SiONMe2 a model for the alpha-effect in silicon chemistry. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. 127, 13705-13713 (2005).
Mitzel, Norbert W., Vojinovic, K, Fröhlich, R, Foerster, T, Robertson, HE, Borisenko, KB, and Rankin, DWH. “Three-membered ring or open chain molecule - (F3C)F2SiONMe2 a model for the alpha-effect in silicon chemistry”. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 127.39 (2005): 13705-13713.

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