Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints

Krüger O (2007)

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Es wurden keine Dateien hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Abstract / Bemerkung
The interactions between brood parasitic birds and their host species provide one of the best model systems for coevolution. Despite being intensively studied, the parasite-host system provides ample opportunities to test new predictions from both coevolutionary theory as well as life-history theory in general. I identify four main areas that might be especially fruitful: cuckoo female gentes as alternative reproductive strategies, non-random and nonlinear risks of brood parasitism for host individuals, host parental quality and targeted brood parasitism, and differences and similarities between predation risk and parasitism risk. Rather than being a rare and intriguing system to study coevolutionary processes, I believe that avian brood parasites and their hosts are much more important as extreme cases in the evolution of life-history strategies. They provide unique examples of trade-offs and situations where constraints are either completely removed or particularly severe.
Page URI


Krüger O. Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2007;362(1486):1873-1886.
Krüger, O. (2007). Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 362(1486), 1873-1886.
Krüger, Oliver. 2007. “Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints”. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 362 (1486): 1873-1886.
Krüger, O. (2007). Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 362, 1873-1886.
Krüger, O., 2007. Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 362(1486), p 1873-1886.
O. Krüger, “Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints”, PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, vol. 362, 2007, pp. 1873-1886.
Krüger, O.: Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 362, 1873-1886 (2007).
Krüger, Oliver. “Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints”. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 362.1486 (2007): 1873-1886.

27 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Parasitic egg rejection decisions of chalk-browed mockingbirds Mimus saturninus are independent of clutch composition.
de la Colina MA, Pompilio L, Hauber ME, Reboreda JC, Mahler B., Anim Cogn 21(2), 2018
PMID: 29372341
Host defences against avian brood parasitism: an endocrine perspective.
Abolins-Abols M, Hauber ME., Proc Biol Sci 285(1886), 2018
PMID: 30185646
Nest prospecting brown-headed cowbirds 'parasitize' social information when the value of personal information is lacking.
White DJ, Davies HB, Agyapong S, Seegmiller N., Proc Biol Sci 284(1861), 2017
PMID: 28835558
The evolution of host specialisation in avian brood parasites.
Medina I, Langmore NE., Ecol Lett 19(9), 2016
PMID: 27417381
Parental risk management in relation to offspring defence: bad news for kids.
Mahr K, Riegler G, Hoi H., Proc Biol Sci 282(1798), 2015
PMID: 25392467
Larval settlement: the role of surface topography for sessile coral reef invertebrates.
Whalan S, Wahab MA, Sprungala S, Poole AJ, de Nys R., PLoS One 10(2), 2015
PMID: 25671562
Host genotype and age have no effect on rejection of parasitic eggs.
Procházka P, Konvičková-Patzenhauerová H, Požgayová M, Trnka A, Jelínek V, Honza M., Naturwissenschaften 101(5), 2014
PMID: 24718778
Chicks of the great spotted cuckoo may turn brood parasitism into mutualism by producing a foul-smelling secretion that repels predators.
Röder G, Canestrari D, Bolopo D, Marcos JM, Villard N, Baglione V, Turlings TC., J Chem Ecol 40(4), 2014
PMID: 24760177
Specific recognition of reproductive parasite workers by nest-entrance guards in the bumble bee Bombus terrestris.
Blacher P, Boreggio L, Leroy C, Devienne P, Châline N, Chameron S., Front Zool 10(1), 2013
PMID: 24321042
Brood parasite eggs enhance egg survivorship in a multiply parasitized host.
Gloag R, Fiorini VD, Reboreda JC, Kacelnik A., Proc Biol Sci 279(1734), 2012
PMID: 22158956
Egg phenotype matching by cuckoos in relation to discrimination by hosts and climatic conditions.
Avilés JM, Vikan JR, Fossøy F, Antonov A, Moksnes A, Røskaft E, Shykoff JA, Møller AP, Stokke BG., Proc Biol Sci 279(1735), 2012
PMID: 22237911
The common cuckoo Cuculus canorus is not locally adapted to its reed warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus host.
Avilés JM, Vikan JR, Fossøy F, Antonov A, Moksnes A, Røskaft E, Shykoff JA, Møller AP, Jensen H, Procházka P, Stokke BG., J Evol Biol 24(2), 2011
PMID: 21054625
Brood parasitism selects for no defence in a cuckoo host.
Krüger O., Proc Biol Sci 278(1719), 2011
PMID: 21288944
Outcomes of brood parasite-host interactions mediated by egg matching: common cuckoos Cuculus canorus versus Fringilla finches.
Vikan JR, Fossøy F, Huhta E, Moksnes A, Røskaft E, Stokke BG., PLoS One 6(4), 2011
PMID: 21559400
Ejecting chick cheats: a changing paradigm?
Grim T., Front Zool 8(), 2011
PMID: 21668974
Does coevolution promote species richness in parasitic cuckoos?
Krüger O, Sorenson MD, Davies NB., Proc Biol Sci 276(1674), 2009
PMID: 19692405
Beyond society: the evolution of organismality.
Queller DC, Strassmann JE., Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364(1533), 2009
PMID: 19805423
Sheep in wolf's clothing: host nestling vocalizations resemble their cowbird competitor's.
Pagnucco K, Zanette L, Clinchy M, Leonard ML., Proc Biol Sci 275(1638), 2008
PMID: 18252675

151 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Proximity of trees facilitates parasitism by cuckoos on rufous warblers
Alvarez F., 1993
Rejection of common cuckoo eggs in relation to female age in the bluethroat
Amundsen T, Brobakken P.T, Moksnes A, Røskaft E., 2002
Molecular phylogeny of cuckoos supports a polyphyletic orgin of brood parasitism
Aragon S, Møller A.P, Soler J.J, Soler M., 1999
Nest predation by cowbirds and its consequences for passerine demography.
Arcese P, Smith JN, Hatch MI., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93(10), 1996
PMID: 11607677
Ultraviolet reflectance of great spotted cuckoo eggs and egg discrimination by magpies
Aviles J.M, Soler J.J, Perez-Contreras T, Soler M, Mller A.P., 2006
The evolution of adaptation in parasitic cuckoos' eggs
Baker E.C.S., 1913
Survival and anti-parasite defense in a host metapopulation under heavy brood parasitism: a source–sink dynamic model
Barabas L, Gilicze B, Takasu F, Moskat C., 2004
Egg mimicry by cuckoos, , in relation to discrimination by hosts
Brooke M., Davies N.B., 1988
Rapid decline of host defences in response to reduced cuckoo parasitism: behavioural flexibility of reed warblers in a changing world
Brooke M., Davies N.B, Noble D.G., 1998
Eggshell strength in cuckoos and cowbirds
Brooker M.G, Brooker L.C., 1991
Acceptance by the splendid fairy-wren of parasitism by Horsfield's bronze-cuckoo: further evidence for evolutionary equilibrium in brood parasitism
Brooker M.G, Brooker L.C., 1996
Differences in the nestling begging calls of hosts and host-races of the common cuckoo,
Butchart S.H.M, Kilner R.M, Fuisz T, Davies N.B., 2003
Matrix population models
Caswell H., 2001
Egg colour matching in an African cuckoo, as revealed by ultraviolet–visible reflectance spectrophotometry
Cherry M.I, Bennett A.T.D., 2001
Parasitism of maternal investment selects for increased clutch size and brood reduction in a host
Cunningham E.J.A, Lewis S., 2006
The origin of species by means of natural selection
Darwin C., 1859
Cuckoos and cowbirds versus hosts: co-evolutionary lag and equilibrium
Davies N.B., 1999
Cuckoos, cowbirds and other cheats
Davies N.B., 2000
Cuckoos versus reed warblers: adaptations and counter-adaptations
Davies N.B, Brooke M.., 1988
An experimental study of co-evolution between the cuckoo, , and its hosts. I. Host egg discrimination
Davies N.B, Brooke M.., 1989
An experimental study of co-evolution between the cuckoo, , and its hosts. II. Host egg markings, chick discrimination and general discussion
Davies N.B, Brooke M.., 1989
Recognition errors and probability of parasitism determine whether reed warblers should accept or reject mimetic eggs
Davies N.B, Brooke M., Kacelnik A., 1996
Nestling cuckoos, , exploit hosts with begging calls that mimic a brood
Davies N.B, Kilner R.M, Noble D.G., 1998
Reed warblers guard against cuckoos and cuckoldry
Davies N.B, Butchart S.H.M, Burke T.A, Chaline N, Stewart I.R.K., 2003
A host race of the cuckoo with nestlings attuned to the parental alarm calls of the host species
Davies N.B, Madden J.R, Butchart S.H.M, Rutila J., 2006
Begging behaviour and food acquisition by brown-headed cowbird nestlings
Dearborn D.C., 1998
Brown-headed cowbird nestling vocalizations and risk of nest predation
Dearborn D.C., 1999
Responses of breeding reed warblers to mounts of sparrowhawk , cuckoo and jay
Duckworth J.W., 1991
Age and reproduction in birds—hypotheses and tests
Forslund P, Pärt T., 1995
The cowbirds: a study in the biology of social parasitism
Friedmann H., 1929
Vocal mimesis in greater honey-guides
Fry C.H., 1974
Genetic evidence for female host-specific races of the common cuckoo.
Gibbs HL, Sorenson MD, Marchetti K, Brooke MD, Davies NB, Nakamura H., Nature 407(6801), 2000
PMID: 11001055
Does nest defence deter or facilitate cowbird parasitism? A test of the nesting-cue hypothesis
Gill S.A, Grieef P.M, Staib L.M, Sealy S.G., 1997
Why is mimicry in cuckoo eggs sometimes so poor?
Grim T., 2002
Mimicry vs. similarity: which resemblances between brood parasites and their hosts are mimetic and which are not?
Grim T., 2005
Nestling discrimination without recognition: a possible defence mechanism for hosts towards cuckoo parasitism?
Grim T, Kleven O, Mikulica O., 2003
Alternative reproductive strategies and tactics: diversity within sexes
Gross M.R., 1996
Site selection and repeatability in brown-headed cowbird () parasitism of eastern phoebe () nests
Hauber M.E., 2001
Interspecific brood parasitism and the evolution of host clutch sizes
Hauber M.E., 2003
Parentage without parental care: what to look for in genetic studies of obligate brood-parasitic mating systems
Hauber M.E, Dearborn D.C., 2003
Yolk testosterone levels are not consistently higher in the eggs of obligate brood parasites than their hosts
Hauber M.E, Pilz K.M., 2003
Honesty in host–parasite communication signals: the case for begging by fledgling brown-headed cowbirds
Hauber M.E, Ramsey C.K., 2003
Patterns and coevolutionary consequences of repeated brood parasitism
Hauber M.E, Yeh P.J, Roberts J.O.L., 2004
Aristotle: minor works. On marvellous songs heard
Hett V.S., 1936
Desertion of nests parasitised by cowbirds: have clay-colored sparrows evolved an anti-parasite strategy?
Hill D.P, Sealy S.G., 1994
How to hatch from an egg of great structural strength. A case study of the common cuckoo
Honza M, Picman J, Grim T, Novak V, Capek M, Mrlik V., 2001
Behaviour of female common cuckoos, , in the vicinity of host nests before and during egg laying: a radiotelemetry study
Honza M, Taborsky B, Taborsky M, Teuschl Y, Vogl W, Moksnes A, Røskaft E., 2002
Are blackcaps current winners in the evolutionary struggle against the common cuckoo?
Honza M, Prochazka P, Stokke B.G, Moksnes A, Røskaft E, Capek M, Mrlik V., 2004
Multiple effects of brood parasitism reduce the reproductive success of prothonotary warblers,
Hoover J.P., 2003
Observations on the natural history of the cuckoo
Jenner E., 1788
Mechanisms of short incubation period in brood-parasitic cowbirds
Kattan G.H., 1995
Signals of need in parent–offspring communication and their exploitation by the common cuckoo
Kilner R.M, Noble D.G, Davies N.B., 1999
Brood parasitic cowbird nestlings use host young to procure resources.
Kilner RM, Madden JR, Hauber ME., Science 305(5685), 2004
PMID: 15297677
Variation in growth of brown-headed cowbird () nestlings and energetic impacts on their host parents
Kilpatrick A.M., 2002
Host species affects the growth rate of cuckoo () chicks
Kleven O, Moksnes A, Røskaft E, Honza M., 1999
Breeding success of common cuckoos parasitising four sympatric species of warblers
Kleven O, Moksnes A, Røskaft E, Rudolfsen G, Stokke B.G, Honza M., 2004
Breeding biology of the Cape Bulbul : a 40-year comparison
Krüger O., 2004
The evolution of cuckoo parasitism: a comparative analysis
Krüger O, Davies N.B., 2002
The evolution of egg size in the brood parasitic cuckoos
Krüger O, Davies N.B., 2004
Lifetime reproductive success in common buzzard : from individual variation to population demography
Krüger O, Lindström J., 2001
Evolution of bird eggs in the absence of cuckoo parasitism
Lahti D.C., 2005
How precise is egg discrimination in weaverbirds?
Lahti D.C, Lahti A.R., 2002
Escalation of a coevolutionary arms race through host rejection of brood parasitic young.
Langmore NE, Hunt S, Kilner RM., Nature 422(6928), 2003
PMID: 12634784
Selfish begging by screaming cowbirds, a mimetic brood parasite of the bay-winged cowbird
Lichtenstein G., 2001
Nestling competition, rather than supernormal stimulus, explains the success of parasitic brown-headed cowbird chicks in yellow warbler nests
Lichtenstein G, Sealy S.G., 1998
Brood parasitism by the cuckoo on patchy reed warbler populations in Britain
Lindholm A.K., 1999
Pre-incubation development of
Liversidge R., 1961
The biology of the Jacobin Cuckoo
Liversidge R., 1970
Fitness costs and benefits of cowbird egg ejection by gray catbirds
Lorenzana J.C, Sealy S.G., 2001
Learning to recognize nestlings is maladaptive for cuckoo hosts
Lotem A., 1993
Rejection of cuckoo eggs in relation to host age: a possible evolutionary equilibrium
Lotem A, Nakamura H, Zahavi A., 1992
Constraints on egg discrimination and cuckoo–host co-evolution
Lotem A, Nakamura H, Zahavi A., 1995
Break-down of arms race between the red-backed shrike () and common cuckoo ()
Lovaszi P, Moskat C., 2004
Mode of development and interspecific avian brood parasitism
Lyon B.E, Eadie J.M., 1991
Costs to host defence and the persistence of parasitic cuckoos
Marchetti K., 1992
Egg rejection in a passerine bird: size does matter.
Marchetti K., Anim Behav 59(4), 2000
PMID: 10792943
Host-race formation in the common cuckoo
Marchetti K, Nakamura H, Gibbs HL., Science 282(5388), 1998
PMID: 9774273
Microsatellite typing reveals mating patterns in the brood parasitic great spotted cuckoo
Martinez J.G, Burke T, Dawson D, Soler J.J, Soler M, Møller A.P., 1998
Coevolution and avian brood parasitism—cowbird eggs show evolutionary response to host discrimination
Mason P, Rothstein S.I., 1986
Costs of brood parasitism and the lack of defences in the yellow-winged blackbird–shiny cowbird system
Massoni V, Reboreda J.C., 1998
A neglected cost of brood parasitism: egg punctures by shiny cowbirds during inspection of potential host nests
Massoni V, Reboreda J.C., 2002
Brood parasitism, recognition, and response
McLean I.G, Maloney R.F., 1998
Short incubation periods of brown-headed cowbirds: how do cowbird eggs hatch before yellow warbler eggs?
McMaster D.G, Sealy S.G., 1998
Phylogenetic analysis of life-history adaptations in parasitic cowbirds
Mermoz M.E, Ornelas J.F., 2004

Behavioural responses of potential hosts towards artificial cuckoo eggs and dummies
Moksnes A, Røskaft E, Braa A.T, Korsnes L, Lampe H.M, Pedersen H.C., 1991
Rejection behaviour by common cuckoo hosts towards artificial brood parasitic eggs
Moksnes A, Røskaft E, Braa A.T., 1991
Effect of nest and nest site characteristics on the risk of cuckoo parasitism in the great reed warbler
Moskat C, Honza M., 2000
Movements, space-use and social organisation of radio-tracked common cuckoos during the breeding season in Japan
Nakamura H, Miyazawa Y., 1997
Coevolution between the common cuckoo and its major hosts in Japan: stable versus dynamic specialization on hosts
Nakamura H, Kubota S, Suzuki R., 1998
Evolution of variation in egg color and marking pattern in European passerines: adaptations in a coevolutionary arms race with the cuckoo,
Øien I.J, Moksnes A, Røskaft E., 1995
The risk of parasitism in relation to the distance from reed warbler nests to cuckoo perches
Øien I.J, Honza M, Moksnes A, Røskaft E., 1996
Cowbirds and other brood parasites
Ortega C.P., 1998
Detecting correlated evolution on phylogenies: a general method for the comparative analysis of discrete characters
Pagel M.D., 1994
The evolution of clutch size and reproductive rates in parasitic cuckoos
Payne R.B., 1974
The cuckoos
Payne R.B., 2005
Nestling mouth markings and colors of Old World finches Estrildidae: mimicry and coevolution of nesting finches and their brood parasites
Payne R.B., 2005
Brood parasitism by brown-headed cowbirds: risks and costs on reproductive success and survival in indigo buntings
Payne R.B, Payne L.L., 1998
Parental care in estrildid finches: experimental tests of a colonization model of brood parasitism
Payne R.B, Woods J.L, Payne L.L., 2001
Correlates of egg rejection in hosts of the brown-headed cowbird
Peer B.D, Sealy S.G., 2004
Mechanism of increased puncture resistance of eggs of brown-headed cowbirds
Picman J., 1989
Is greater eggshell density an alternative mechanism by which parasitic cuckoos increase the strength of their eggs?
Picman J, Pribil S., 1997
Exploitation of host mechanisms for parental care by avian brood parasites
Redondo T., 1993
Behavioural defences to brood parasitism by potential hosts of the brown-headed cowbird
Robertson R.J, Norman R.F., 1976
Aggression to dummy cuckoos by potential European cuckoo hosts
Røskaft E, Moksnes A, Stokke B.A, Bicik V, Moskat C., 2002
The spatial habitat structure of host populations explains the pattern of rejection behaviour in hosts and parasitic adaptations in cuckoos
Røskaft E, Moksnes A, Stokke B.A, Moskat C, Honza M., 2002
Evolutionary rates and host defenses against avian brood parasitism
Rothstein S.I., 1975
A model system for coevolution: avian brood parasitism
Rothstein S.I., 1990
Conservation and coevolutionary implications of brood parasitism by cowbirds
Rothstein S.I, Robinson S.K., 1994
Parasitic birds and their hosts: studies in coevolution
Rothstein S.I, Robinson S.K., 1998
Age specific variation on reproductive performance of birds
Sæther B.E., 1990

Burial of cowbird eggs by parasitised yellow warblers: an empirical and experimental study
Sealy S.G., 1995
Coevolution of an avian host and its parasitic cuckoo.
Servedio MR, Lande R., Evolution 57(5), 2003
PMID: 12836832
Age, experience, and enemy recognition by wild song sparrows
Smith J.N.M, Arcese P, McLean I.G., 1984
Removing brown-headed cowbirds increases seasonal fecundity and population growth in song sparrows
Smith J.N.M, Taitt M.J, Zanette L., 2002
Micro-evolutionary change in host response to a brood parasite
Soler M, Soler J.J, Martinez J.G, Møller A.P., 1994
Does the great spotted cuckoo choose magpie hosts according to their parenting ability?
Soler J.J, Soler M, Møller A.P, Martinez J.G., 1995
Micro-evolutionary change and population dynamics of a brood parasite and its primary host: the intermittent arms race hypothesis
Soler M, Soler J.J, Martinez J.G, Perez-Contreras T, Møller A.P., 1998
Change in host rejection behaviour mediated by the predatory behaviour of its brood parasite
Soler J.J, Sorci G, Soler M, Møller A.P., 1999
Life history of magpie populations sympatric or allopatric with the brood-parasitic great spotted cuckoo
Soler J.J, Martinez J.G, Soler M, Møller A.P., 2001
Molecular genetic perspectives on avian brood parasitism
Sorenson M.D, Payne R.B., 2002
A molecular genetic analysis of cuckoo phylogeny
Sorenson M.D, Payne R.B., 2005
Speciation by host switch in brood parasitic indigobirds.
Sorenson MD, Sefc KM, Payne RB., Nature 424(6951), 2003
PMID: 12931185
Clade-limited colonization in brood parasitic finches (Vidua spp.).
Sorenson MD, Balakrishnan CN, Payne RB., Syst. Biol. 53(1), 2004
PMID: 14965909
Rejection of artificial cuckoo () eggs in relation to variation in egg appearance among reed warblers ()
Stokke B.G, Moksnes A, Røskaft E, Rudolfsen G, Honza M., 1999
Breeding biology of brood parasitic cowbirds characterized by parent–offspring and sibgroup reconstruction
Strausberger B.M, Ashley M.V., 2003
Why do all host species not show defence against avian brood parasitism: evolutionary lag or equilibrium?
Takasu F., 1998
Co-evolutionary dynamics of egg appearance in avian brood parasitism
Takasu F., 2003
Modelling the population dynamics of a cuckoo–host association and the evolution of host defences
Takasu F, Kawasaki K, Nakamura H, Cohen J.E, Shigesada N., 1993
Horsfield's hawk-cuckoo nestlings simulate multiple gapes for begging.
Tanaka KD, Ueda K., Science 308(5722), 2005
PMID: 15860618
How do cuckoos find their hosts? The role of habitat imprinting.
Teuschl Y, Taborsky B, Taborsky M., Anim Behav 56(6), 1998
PMID: 9933539
Parental care of a cowbird host: caught between the costs of egg-removal and nest predation
Tewksbury J.J, Martin T.E, Hejl S.J, Kuehn M.J, Jenkins J.W., 2002
Common cuckoos () lay eggs with larger yolk but not more testosterone than their great reed warbler () hosts
Torök J, Moskat C, Michl G, Peczely P., 2004
Consequences of brown-headed cowbird brood parasitism for host population dynamics
Trine C, Robinson W.D, Robinson S.K., 1998
Clutch characteristics and egg discriminate ability of the African village weaverbird
Victoria J.K., 1972
Cuckoo females preferentially use specific habitats when searching for host nests
Vogl W, Taborsky M, Taborsky B, Teuschl Y, Honza M., 2002
Habitat and space use of European cuckoo females during the egg laying period
Vogl W, Taborsky B, Taborsky M, Teuschl Y, Honza M., 2004

White G., 1789
Cuckoos, cowbirds and the persistence of brood parasitism.
Winfree R., Trends Ecol. Evol. (Amst.) 14(9), 1999
PMID: 10441306
Host use and fecundity of individual female brown-headed cowbirds
Woolfenden B.E, Gibbs H.L, Sealy S.G, McMaster D.G., 2003
Parasitism and nest predation in parasitic cuckoos
Zahavi A., 1979
The handicap principle: a missing piece of Darwin's puzzle
Zahavi A, Zahavi A., 1997
Brown-headed cowbirds skew host offspring sex ratios
Zanette L, MacDougall-Shakleton E, Clinchy M, Smith J.N.M., 2005

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

PMID: 17827098
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar