Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants: A validation study.

Odenwald M, Lingenfelder B, Schauer M, Neuner F, Rockstroh B, Hinkel H, Elbert T (2007)
Conflict and Health 1(1): 10.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
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Odenwald, Michael; Lingenfelder, B; Schauer, Margarete; Neuner, FrankUniBi; Rockstroh, Brigitte; Hinkel, Harald; Elbert, Thomas
Abstract / Bemerkung
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In Somalia, a large number of active and former combatants are affected by psychological problems such as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This disorder impairs their ability to re-integrate into civilian life. However, many screening instruments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder used in post-conflict settings have limited validity. Here we report on development and validation of a screening tool for PTSD in Somali language with a sample of ex-combatants. METHODS: We adapted the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS) to reflect linguistic and cultural differences within the Somali community so that local interviewers could be trained to administer the scale. For validation purposes, a randomly selected group of 135 Somali ex-combatants was screened by trained local interviewers; 64 of them were then re-assessed by trained clinical psychologists using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and the Self-Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20). RESULTS: The screening instrument showed good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = .86), convergent validity with the CIDI (sensitivity = .90; specificity = .90) as well as concurrent validity: positive cases showed higher SRQ-20 scores, higher prevalence of psychotic symptoms, and higher levels of intake of the local stimulant drug khat. Compared to a single cut-off score, the multi-criteria scoring, in keeping with the DSM-IV, produced more diagnostic specificity. CONCLUSION: The results provide evidence that our screening instrument is a reliable and valid method to detect PTSD among Somali ex-combatants. A future Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Program in Somalia is recommended to screen for PTSD in order to identify ex-combatants with special psycho-social needs.
Conflict and Health
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Odenwald M, Lingenfelder B, Schauer M, et al. Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants: A validation study. Conflict and Health. 2007;1(1): 10.
Odenwald, M., Lingenfelder, B., Schauer, M., Neuner, F., Rockstroh, B., Hinkel, H., & Elbert, T. (2007). Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants: A validation study. Conflict and Health, 1(1), 10.
Odenwald, M., Lingenfelder, B., Schauer, M., Neuner, F., Rockstroh, B., Hinkel, H., and Elbert, T. (2007). Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants: A validation study. Conflict and Health 1:10.
Odenwald, M., et al., 2007. Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants: A validation study. Conflict and Health, 1(1): 10.
M. Odenwald, et al., “Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants: A validation study.”, Conflict and Health, vol. 1, 2007, : 10.
Odenwald, M., Lingenfelder, B., Schauer, M., Neuner, F., Rockstroh, B., Hinkel, H., Elbert, T.: Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants: A validation study. Conflict and Health. 1, : 10 (2007).
Odenwald, Michael, Lingenfelder, B, Schauer, Margarete, Neuner, Frank, Rockstroh, Brigitte, Hinkel, Harald, and Elbert, Thomas. “Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants: A validation study.”. Conflict and Health 1.1 (2007): 10.

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