Apparent survival of the salamander Salamandra salamandra is low because of high migratory activity

Schmidt BR, Schaub M, Steinfartz S (2007)
Frontiers in Zoology 4(1): 19.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Schmidt, Benedikt R.; Schaub, Michael; Steinfartz, SebastianUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background: Understanding the demographic processes underlying population dynamics is a central theme in ecology. Populations decline if losses from the population (i.e., mortality and emigration) exceed gains (i.e., recruitment and immigration). Amphibians are thought to exhibit little movement even though local populations often fluctuate dramatically and are likely to go exinct if there is no rescue effect through immigration from nearby populations. Terrestrial salamanders are generally portrayed as amphibians with low migratory activity. Our study uses demographic analysis as a key to unravel whether emigration or mortality is the main cause of ''losses'' from the population. In particular, we use the analysis to challenge the common belief that terrestrial salamanders show low migratory activity. Results: The mark-recapture analysis of adult salamanders showed that monthly survival was high (> 90%) without a seasonal pattern. These estimates, however, translate into rather low rates of local annual survival of only ~40% and suggest that emigration was important. The estimated probability of emigration was 49%. Conclusion: Our analysis shows that terrestrial salamanders exhibit more migratory activity than commonly thought. This may be due either because the spatial extent of salamander populations is underestimated or because there is a substantial exchange of individuals between populations. Our current results are in line with several other studies that suggest high migratory activity in amphibians. In particular, many amphibian populations may be characterized by high proportions of transients and/or floaters.
Frontiers in Zoology
Page URI


Schmidt BR, Schaub M, Steinfartz S. Apparent survival of the salamander Salamandra salamandra is low because of high migratory activity. Frontiers in Zoology. 2007;4(1): 19.
Schmidt, B. R., Schaub, M., & Steinfartz, S. (2007). Apparent survival of the salamander Salamandra salamandra is low because of high migratory activity. Frontiers in Zoology, 4(1), 19.
Schmidt, Benedikt R., Schaub, Michael, and Steinfartz, Sebastian. 2007. “Apparent survival of the salamander Salamandra salamandra is low because of high migratory activity”. Frontiers in Zoology 4 (1): 19.
Schmidt, B. R., Schaub, M., and Steinfartz, S. (2007). Apparent survival of the salamander Salamandra salamandra is low because of high migratory activity. Frontiers in Zoology 4:19.
Schmidt, B.R., Schaub, M., & Steinfartz, S., 2007. Apparent survival of the salamander Salamandra salamandra is low because of high migratory activity. Frontiers in Zoology, 4(1): 19.
B.R. Schmidt, M. Schaub, and S. Steinfartz, “Apparent survival of the salamander Salamandra salamandra is low because of high migratory activity”, Frontiers in Zoology, vol. 4, 2007, : 19.
Schmidt, B.R., Schaub, M., Steinfartz, S.: Apparent survival of the salamander Salamandra salamandra is low because of high migratory activity. Frontiers in Zoology. 4, : 19 (2007).
Schmidt, Benedikt R., Schaub, Michael, and Steinfartz, Sebastian. “Apparent survival of the salamander Salamandra salamandra is low because of high migratory activity”. Frontiers in Zoology 4.1 (2007): 19.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Copyright Statement:
Dieses Objekt ist durch das Urheberrecht und/oder verwandte Schutzrechte geschützt. [...]
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
MD5 Prüfsumme

16 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Life history tactics shape amphibians' demographic responses to the North Atlantic Oscillation.
Cayuela H, Joly P, Schmidt BR, Pichenot J, Bonnaire E, Priol P, Peyronel O, Laville M, Besnard A., Glob Chang Biol 23(11), 2017
PMID: 28236653
Differentiation of movement behaviour in an adaptively diverging salamander population.
Hendrix R, Schmidt BR, Schaub M, Krause ET, Steinfartz S., Mol Ecol 26(22), 2017
PMID: 28881403
Individual fluctuations in toxin levels affect breeding site fidelity in a chemically defended amphibian.
Bucciarelli GM, Green DB, Shaffer HB, Kats LB., Proc Biol Sci 283(1831), 2016
PMID: 27194704
Demographic responses to weather fluctuations are context dependent in a long-lived amphibian.
Cayuela H, Arsovski D, Thirion JM, Bonnaire E, Pichenot J, Boitaud S, Miaud C, Joly P, Besnard A., Glob Chang Biol 22(8), 2016
PMID: 27002592
The dissection of a Pleistocene refugium: phylogeography of the smooth newt, Lissotriton vulgaris, in the Balkans
Pabijan M, Zieliński P, Dudek K, Chloupek M, Sotiropoulos K, Liana M, Babik W, Riddle B., J Biogeogr 42(4), 2015
PMID: IND601326040
Linking habitat suitability to demography in a pond-breeding amphibian.
Unglaub B, Steinfartz S, Drechsler A, Schmidt BR., Front Zool 12(), 2015
PMID: 25977702
Ecological connectivity assessment in a strongly structured fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra) population.
Bani L, Pisa G, Luppi M, Spilotros G, Fabbri E, Randi E, Orioli V., Ecol Evol 5(16), 2015
PMID: 26380679
A multistate mark–recapture approach to estimating survival of PIT‐tagged salamanders following timber harvest
Connette GM, Semlitsch RD, Lukacs P., Journal of applied ecology. 52(5), 2015
PMID: IND604086172
Delayed metamorphosis of amphibian larvae facilitates Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis transmission and persistence.
Medina D, Garner TW, Carrascal LM, Bosch J., Dis Aquat Organ 117(2), 2015
PMID: 26648101
Are protected areas truly protected? The impact of road traffic on vertebrate fauna
Garriga N, Santos X, Montori A, Richter-Boix A, Franch M, Llorente GA., Biodivers Conserv 21(11), 2012
PMID: IND44692889
Reconstruction of the climate envelopes of salamanders and their evolution through time.
Vieites DR, Nieto-Román S, Wake DB., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106 Suppl 2(), 2009
PMID: 19887643

49 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Clobert J, Danchin E, Dhondt AA, Nichols JD., 2003
Local population dynamics and the impact of scale: a case study on different little owl populations
Schaub M, Ullrich B, Knötzsch G, Albrecht P, Meisser C., 2006
What is missing in amphibian decline research: Insights from ecological sensitivity analysis
Biek R, Funk WC, Maxell BA, Mills LS., 2002
Natural selection and population dynamics.
Saccheri I, Hanski I., Trends Ecol. Evol. (Amst.) 21(6), 2006
PMID: 16769435
La sédentarité et le retour au gite chez la Salamandra tâchetée
Joly J., 1963

Pough FH, Andrews RM, Cadle JE, Crump ML, Savitzky AH, Wells KD., 2001
Salamandra salamandra (Linnaeus, 1758) – Feuersalamander
Thiesmeier B, Grossenbacher K., 2004
Dispersal and the metapopulation paradigm in amphibian ecology and conservation: are all amphibian populations metapopulations?
Smith MA, Green DM., 2005
Transience, dispersal and survival rates in newt patchy populations
Perret N, Pradel R, Miaud C, Grolet O, Joly P., 2003
Identifying the minimal demographic unit for monitoring ponda€breeding amphibians
Petranka JW, Charles K. Smith , A. Floyd Scott ., Ecol Appl 14(4), 2004
PMID: IND605875317
High dispersal in a frog species suggests that it is vulnerable to habitat fragmentation.
Funk WC, Greene AE, Corn PS, Allendorf FW., Biol. Lett. 1(1), 2005
PMID: 17148116
Tracing the first step to speciation – ecological and genetic differentiation of a salamander population in a small forest
Steinfartz S, Weitere M, Tautz D., 2007
The ecology of extinction: population fluctuation and decline in amphibians
Green DM., 2003
Is extinction rate related to temporal variability in population size? An empirical answer for orb spiders
Schoener TW, Spiller DA., 1992
On the relation between temporal variability and persistence time in animal populations
Inchausti P, Halley J., 2003
Biology of amphibian declines
Green DM., 2005
U-CARE 2.2 User's Manual
Choquet R, Reboulet AM, Lebreton JD, Gimenez O, Pradel R., 2005

Burnham KP, Anderson DR., 2002

Seber GAF., 1982
A theory for combined analysis of ring recovery and recapture data
Burnham KP., 1993
Declining amphibian populations: The pitfalls of count data in the study of diversity, distributions, dynamics, and demography
Schmidt BR., 2004
Interpreting geographic variation in life history traits
Berven KA, Gill DE., 1983
Phénologie et domaine vital de la Salamandra salamandra terrestris (Amphibia, Caudata) dans un bois du Pays de Herve (Belgique)
Denoël M., 1996
Site tenacity in the terrestrial salamandrid, Salamandra salamandra
Rebelo R, Leclair MH., 2003
A PIT tag based analysis of annual movement patterns of adult fire salamanders (Salamandra salamandra) in a Middle European habitat
Schulte U, Küsters D, Steinfartz S., 2007
Capture-recapture survival models taking account of transients
Pradel R, Hines JE, Lebreton JD, Nichols JD., 1997
Migration and orientation in anuran amphibians
Sinsch U., 1990
Amphibian declines: Judging stability, persistence and susceptibility to local and global extinctions
Blaustein AR, Wake DB, Sousa WP., 1994

Stebbins RC, Cohen NW., 1995
Conservation genetics of amphibians.
Beebee TJ., Heredity (Edinb) 95(6), 2005
PMID: 16106261
Why you should use capture-recapture methods when estimating survival and breeding probabilities: on bias, temporary emigration, overdispersion, and common toads
Schmidt BR, Schaub M, Anholt BR., 2002
Adult survival and temporary emigration in the common toad
Frétey T, Cam E, Le B, Monnat JY., 2004
An evaluation of weather and disease as causes of decline in two populations of boreal toads
Scherer RD, Erin Muths , Barry R. Noon , Paul Stephen Corn ., Ecol Appl 15(6), 2005
PMID: IND605875413
The buffer effect of non-breeding birds and the timing of farmland bird declines
Durell dit, Clarke RT., 2004
Territorial defense, territory size, and population regulation.
Lopez-Sepulcre A, Kokko H., Am. Nat. 166(3), 2005
PMID: 16224687
Measuring gene flow among populations having high levels of genetic fragmentation.
Larson A, Wake DB, Yanev KP., Genetics 106(2), 1984
PMID: 6698396
Habitat specialization and adaptive phenotypic divergence of anuran populations.
Van Buskirk J, Arioli M., J. Evol. Biol. 18(3), 2005
PMID: 15842489
Modeling survival and testing biological hypothesis using marked animals: a unified approach with case studies
Lebreton JD, Burnham KP, Clobert J, Anderson DR., 1992
Design and analysis methods for fish survival experiments based on release-recapture
Burnham KP, Anderson DR, White GC, Brownie C, Pollock KH., 1987
Estimating survival and temporary emigration in the multistate capture–recapture framework
Schaub M, Gimenez O, Schmidt BR, Pradel R., Ecology 85(8), 2004
PMID: IND604780468
Program MARK: survival estimation from populations of marked animals
White GC, Burnham KP., 1999

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

PMID: 17803829
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar