Factors associated with wife beating in Egypt: Analysis of two surveys (1995 and 2005)

Akmatov MK, Mikolajczyk RT, Labeeb S, Dhaher E, Khan MMH (2008)
BMC Women´s Health 8(1): 15.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Akmatov, Manas K.; Mikolajczyk, Rafael T.; Labeeb, Shokria; Dhaher, Enas; Khan, Md Mobarak Hossain
Abstract / Bemerkung
BACKGROUND: Wife beating is an important public health problem in many developing countries. We assessed the rates of wife beating and examined factors associated with wife beating in 1995 and 2005 in Egypt. METHODS: We used data from two Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in Egypt in 1995 and 2005 using multistage household sampling. Data related to wife beating included information from 7122 women in 1995 and 5612 women in 2005. Logistic regression was used to analyze factors independently associated with wife beating. Special weights were used to obtain nationally representative estimates. RESULTS: In 1995 17.5% of married women in Egypt experienced wife beating in the last 12 months, in 2005--18.9% or 16.0%, using different measures. The association between socio-demographic differentials and wife beating was weaker in the newer survey. The 12-month prevalence of wife beating was lower only when both partners were educated, but the differences across education levels were less pronounced in 2005. Based on the information available in the 2005 survey, more educated women experienced less severe forms of wife beating than less educated women. CONCLUSION: Different measures used in both surveys make a direct comparison difficult. The observed patterns indicate that the changes in prevalence may be masked by two opposite processes occurring in the society: a decrease in (severe forms of) wife beating and an increase in reporting of wife beating. Improving the access to education for women and raising education levels in the whole society may help reducing wife beating.
BMC Women´s Health
Page URI


Akmatov MK, Mikolajczyk RT, Labeeb S, Dhaher E, Khan MMH. Factors associated with wife beating in Egypt: Analysis of two surveys (1995 and 2005). BMC Women´s Health. 2008;8(1): 15.
Akmatov, M. K., Mikolajczyk, R. T., Labeeb, S., Dhaher, E., & Khan, M. M. H. (2008). Factors associated with wife beating in Egypt: Analysis of two surveys (1995 and 2005). BMC Women´s Health, 8(1), 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6874-8-15
Akmatov, M. K., Mikolajczyk, R. T., Labeeb, S., Dhaher, E., and Khan, M. M. H. (2008). Factors associated with wife beating in Egypt: Analysis of two surveys (1995 and 2005). BMC Women´s Health 8:15.
Akmatov, M.K., et al., 2008. Factors associated with wife beating in Egypt: Analysis of two surveys (1995 and 2005). BMC Women´s Health, 8(1): 15.
M.K. Akmatov, et al., “Factors associated with wife beating in Egypt: Analysis of two surveys (1995 and 2005)”, BMC Women´s Health, vol. 8, 2008, : 15.
Akmatov, M.K., Mikolajczyk, R.T., Labeeb, S., Dhaher, E., Khan, M.M.H.: Factors associated with wife beating in Egypt: Analysis of two surveys (1995 and 2005). BMC Women´s Health. 8, : 15 (2008).
Akmatov, Manas K., Mikolajczyk, Rafael T., Labeeb, Shokria, Dhaher, Enas, and Khan, Md Mobarak Hossain. “Factors associated with wife beating in Egypt: Analysis of two surveys (1995 and 2005)”. BMC Women´s Health 8.1 (2008): 15.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Copyright Statement:
Dieses Objekt ist durch das Urheberrecht und/oder verwandte Schutzrechte geschützt. [...]
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
MD5 Prüfsumme

15 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

"My Partner Will Change": Cognitive Distortion in Battered Women in Bolivia.
Heim EM, Trujillo Tapia L, Quintanilla Gonzáles R., J Interpers Violence 33(8), 2018
PMID: 26634629
Child Marriage Laws around the World: Minimum Marriage Age, Legal Exceptions, and Gender Disparities.
Arthur M, Earle A, Raub A, Vincent I, Atabay E, Latz I, Kranz G, Nandi A, Heymann J., J Women Polit Policy 39(1), 2018
PMID: 30828270
Determinants of Ethiopian Women's Attitudes Toward Wife Beating.
Wencheko E, Tadesse M., J Interpers Violence (), 2017
PMID: 29294645
Risk Factors for Spousal Physical Violence Against Women in Saudi Arabia.
Eldoseri HM, Sharps P., J Interpers Violence (), 2017
PMID: 29294664
The prevalence of violence against women and some related factors in Sanandaj city (Iran) in 2015.
Zarei M, Rasolabadi M, Gharibi F, Seidi J., Electron Physician 9(11), 2017
PMID: 29403614
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Domestic Violence against Iranian Women: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Mohamadian F, Hashemian A, Bagheri M, Direkvand-Moghadam A., Korean J Fam Med 37(4), 2016
PMID: 27468345
Poly-Victimisation among Vietnamese High School Students: Prevalence and Demographic Correlates.
Le MT, Holton S, Nguyen HT, Wolfe R, Fisher J., PLoS One 10(5), 2015
PMID: 25933056
Early marriage and intimate partner violence among adolescents and young adults in Viet Nam.
Hong Le MT, Tran TD, Nguyen HT, Fisher J., J Interpers Violence 29(5), 2014
PMID: 24366961
Iranian Women's Experiences with Intimate Partner Violence: A Qualitative Study.
Taherkhani S, Negarandeh R, Simbar M, Ahmadi F., Health Promot Perspect 4(2), 2014
PMID: 25649136
Gender-based violence in Egypt: analyzing impacts of political reforms, social, and demographic change.
Ambrosetti E, Abu Amara N, Condon S., Violence Against Women 19(3), 2013
PMID: 23676450
Intimate partner violence against women in the Erbil city of the Kurdistan region, Iraq.
Al-Atrushi HH, Al-Tawil NG, Shabila NP, Al-Hadithi TS., BMC Womens Health 13(), 2013
PMID: 24106885

36 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

A global overview of gender-based violence.
Heise L, Ellsberg M, Gottmoeller M., Int J Gynaecol Obstet 78 Suppl 1(), 2002
PMID: 12429433
Prevalence of intimate partner violence: findings from the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence.
Garcia-Moreno C, Jansen HA, Ellsberg M, Heise L, Watts CH; WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women Study Team., Lancet 368(9543), 2006
PMID: 17027732
A lifetime of intimate partner violence: coping strategies of older women.
Zink T, Jacobson CJ Jr, Pabst S, Regan S, Fisher BS., J Interpers Violence 21(5), 2006
PMID: 16574637
Intimate partner violence: causes and prevention.
Jewkes R., Lancet 359(9315), 2002
PMID: 11978358
The incidence of wife abuse and battering and some sociodemographic correlats as revealed by two national surveys in Palestinian society
Haj-Yahia MM., 2000
Violence against women in Arab and Islamic countries.
Douki S, Nacef F, Belhadj A, Bouasker A, Ghachem R., Arch Womens Ment Health 6(3), 2003
PMID: 12920614
Aluminium-induced production of oxygen radicals, lipid peroxidation and DNA damage in seedlings of rice (Oryza sativa).
Meriga B, Reddy BK, Rao KR, Reddy LA, Kishor PB., J. Plant Physiol. 161(1), 2004
PMID: 15002665
Egypt Demographic and Health Survey 1995. Final Report
El-Zanaty F, Hussein EM, Shawky GA, Way AA, Kishor S., 1996
What we know about intimate partner violence in the Middle East and North Africa.
Boy A, Kulczycki A., Violence Against Women 14(1), 2008
PMID: 18096859

Benninger-Budel C., 2001
Divorced from Justice: Women's Unequal Access to Divorce in Egypt
Egypt Demographic and Health Survey 2005. Final Report
El-Zanaty F, Way A., 2006

Measure DHS., 2006
Violence in America: a survey of suicide linked to homicides.
Aderibigbe YA., J. Forensic Sci. 42(4), 1997
PMID: 9243828

Allison PD., 2000
Domestic violence against women in Egypt--wife beating and health outcomes.
Diop-Sidibe N, Campbell JC, Becker S., Soc Sci Med 62(5), 2005
PMID: 16139404
Enhancing the quality of survey data on violence against women: a feminist aproach
Smith M., 1994
Researching domestic violence against women: methodological and ethical considerations.
Ellsberg M, Heise L, Pena R, Agurto S, Winkvist A., Stud Fam Plann 32(1), 2001
PMID: 11326453
Socioeconomic factors and processes associated with domestic violence in rural Bangladesh.
Bates LM, Schuler SR, Islam F, Islam K., Int Fam Plan Perspect 30(4), 2004
PMID: 15590385
Intimate partner violence against women in eastern Uganda: implications for HIV prevention.
Karamagi CA, Tumwine JK, Tylleskar T, Heggenhougen K., BMC Public Health 6(), 2006
PMID: 17116252
Domestic violence in rural Uganda: evidence from a community-based study.
Koenig MA, Lutalo T, Zhao F, Nalugoda F, Wabwire-Mangen F, Kiwanuka N, Wagman J, Serwadda D, Wawer M, Gray R., Bull. World Health Organ. 81(1), 2003
PMID: 12640477
The relationship among demographics, reproductive characteristics, and intimate partner violence.
Rickert VI, Wiemann CM, Harrykissoon SD, Berenson AB, Kolb E., Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 187(4), 2002
PMID: 12388996
Factors associated with spousal physical violence in Albania: cross sectional study.
Burazeri G, Roshi E, Jewkes R, Jordan S, Bjegovic V, Laaser U., BMJ 331(7510), 2005
PMID: 16037455
Gender and State in Postcommunist Societies: Introduction
Mahon R, Williams F., 2007
Women in academic rheumatology.
Lundberg IE, Ozen S, Gunes-Ayata A, Kaplan MJ., Arthritis Rheum. 52(3), 2005
PMID: 15751096
The physical and psychosocial health of Bedouin Arab women in the Negev region of Israel
Cwikel J, Lev-Wiesel R, Al-Krenawi A., 2003
Social inequalities in intimate partner violence: a study of women in Kenya.
Lawoko S, Dalal K, Jiayou L, Jansson B., Violence Vict 22(6), 2007
PMID: 18225388
Can people's patriarchal ideology predict their beliefs about wife abuse? The case of Jordanian men
Haj-Yahia MM., 2005
Resources, family organization and domestic violence against married women in Minya, Egypt
Yount K., 2005
Prevalence and correlates of domestic violence by husbands against wives in Bangladesh: evidence from a national survey
Aklimunnessa K, Khan M, Kabir M, Mori M., 2007
Prevalence of battering among 1780 outpatients at an internal medicine institution in Mexico.
Diaz-Olavarrieta C, Ellertson C, Paz F, de Leon SP, Alarcon-Segovia D., Soc Sci Med 55(9), 2002
PMID: 12297245


Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB


PMID: 18801155
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar