What do facial expressions convey: feeling states, behavioral intentions, or action requests?

Horstmann G (2003)
Emotion 3(2): 150-166.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Emotion theorists assume certain facial displays to convey information about the expresser's emotional state. In contrast, behavioral ecologists assume them to indicate behavioral intentions or action requests. To test these contrasting positions, over 2,000 online participants were presented with facial expressions and asked what they revealed-feeling states, behavioral intentions, or action requests. The majority of the observers chose feeling states as the message of facial expressions of disgust, fear, sadness, happiness, and surprise, supporting the emotions view. Only the anger display tended to elicit more choices of behavioral intention or action request, partially supporting the behavioral ecology view. The results support the view that facial expressions communicate emotions, with emotions being multicomponential phenomena that comprise feelings, intentions, and wishes.
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Horstmann G. What do facial expressions convey: feeling states, behavioral intentions, or action requests? Emotion. 2003;3(2):150-166.
Horstmann, G. (2003). What do facial expressions convey: feeling states, behavioral intentions, or action requests? Emotion, 3(2), 150-166. https://doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.3.2.150
Horstmann, Gernot. 2003. “What do facial expressions convey: feeling states, behavioral intentions, or action requests?”. Emotion 3 (2): 150-166.
Horstmann, G. (2003). What do facial expressions convey: feeling states, behavioral intentions, or action requests? Emotion 3, 150-166.
Horstmann, G., 2003. What do facial expressions convey: feeling states, behavioral intentions, or action requests? Emotion, 3(2), p 150-166.
G. Horstmann, “What do facial expressions convey: feeling states, behavioral intentions, or action requests?”, Emotion, vol. 3, 2003, pp. 150-166.
Horstmann, G.: What do facial expressions convey: feeling states, behavioral intentions, or action requests? Emotion. 3, 150-166 (2003).
Horstmann, Gernot. “What do facial expressions convey: feeling states, behavioral intentions, or action requests?”. Emotion 3.2 (2003): 150-166.

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