Psychic trauma causing grossly reduced brain metabolism and cognitive deterioration

Markowitsch HJ, Kessler J, Van der Ven C, Weber-Luxenburger G, Albers M, Heiss WD (1998)
NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA 36(1): 77-82.

Download
Es wurde kein Volltext hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Autor
; ; ; ; ;
Abstract / Bemerkung
While amnesia and other cognitive disturbances are usually caused by structural brain damage, there are a few instances in which environmental Stress may induce neuronal death in memory-sensitive brain regions such as the hippocampus. Here we report on a patient who, after a single brief exposure to an event reminding him of a similar stressful event from his childhood, deteriorated immediately and persistently without manifesting structural, but manifesting functional, brain damage as measured by position emission tomography. This patient probably represents the first case in which a direct relation between a single psychic event and the occurrence of brain malfunctioning in cognition is documented by dynamic neuroimaging methods. Psychic shock may cause lasting reductions in brain metabolism with the consequence of severe intellectual malfunctioning. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA
Band
36
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
77-82
ISSN
PUB-ID

Zitieren

Markowitsch HJ, Kessler J, Van der Ven C, Weber-Luxenburger G, Albers M, Heiss WD. Psychic trauma causing grossly reduced brain metabolism and cognitive deterioration. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA. 1998;36(1):77-82.
Markowitsch, H. J., Kessler, J., Van der Ven, C., Weber-Luxenburger, G., Albers, M., & Heiss, W. D. (1998). Psychic trauma causing grossly reduced brain metabolism and cognitive deterioration. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA, 36(1), 77-82. doi:10.1016/S0028-3932(97)00093-6
Markowitsch, H. J., Kessler, J., Van der Ven, C., Weber-Luxenburger, G., Albers, M., and Heiss, W. D. (1998). Psychic trauma causing grossly reduced brain metabolism and cognitive deterioration. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA 36, 77-82.
Markowitsch, H.J., et al., 1998. Psychic trauma causing grossly reduced brain metabolism and cognitive deterioration. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA, 36(1), p 77-82.
H.J. Markowitsch, et al., “Psychic trauma causing grossly reduced brain metabolism and cognitive deterioration”, NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA, vol. 36, 1998, pp. 77-82.
Markowitsch, H.J., Kessler, J., Van der Ven, C., Weber-Luxenburger, G., Albers, M., Heiss, W.D.: Psychic trauma causing grossly reduced brain metabolism and cognitive deterioration. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA. 36, 77-82 (1998).
Markowitsch, Hans J., Kessler, J, Van der Ven, C, Weber-Luxenburger, G, Albers, M, and Heiss, WD. “Psychic trauma causing grossly reduced brain metabolism and cognitive deterioration”. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA 36.1 (1998): 77-82.

36 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Memory scrutinized through electrical brain stimulation: A review of 80 years of experiential phenomena.
Curot J, Busigny T, Valton L, Denuelle M, Vignal JP, Maillard L, Chauvel P, Pariente J, Trebuchon A, Bartolomei F, Barbeau EJ., Neurosci Biobehav Rev 78(), 2017
PMID: 28445741
FDG-PET Contributions to the Pathophysiology of Memory Impairment.
Segobin S, La Joie R, Ritz L, Beaunieux H, Desgranges B, Chételat G, Pitel AL, Eustache F., Neuropsychol Rev 25(3), 2015
PMID: 26319237
Conversion, dissociative amnesia, and Ganser syndrome in a case of "chameleon" syndrome: anatomo-functional findings.
Magnin E, Thomas-Antérion C, Sylvestre G, Haffen S, Magnin-Feysot V, Rumbach L., Neurocase 20(1), 2014
PMID: 23075263
Ganser-like syndrome after loss of psychic self-activation syndrome: psychogenic or organic?
Kaphan E, Barbeau E, Royère ML, Guedj E, Pelletier J, Ali Chérif A., Arch Clin Neuropsychol 29(7), 2014
PMID: 25280796
The impairment of recollection in functional amnesic states.
Markowitsch HJ, Staniloiu A., Cortex 49(6), 2013
PMID: 22824728
Memory and self-neuroscientific landscapes.
Markowitsch HJ., ISRN Neurosci 2013(), 2013
PMID: 24967303
The remains of the day in dissociative amnesia.
Staniloiu A, Markowitsch HJ., Brain Sci 2(2), 2012
PMID: 24962768
Emotional working memory in Alzheimer's disease patients.
Satler C, Tomaz C., Dement Geriatr Cogn Dis Extra 1(1), 2011
PMID: 22163239
Losing memories overnight: a unique form of human amnesia.
Smith CN, Frascino JC, Kripke DL, McHugh PR, Treisman GJ, Squire LR., Neuropsychologia 48(10), 2010
PMID: 20493889
Psychogenic amnesia--a malady of the constricted self.
Staniloiu A, Markowitsch HJ, Brand M., Conscious Cogn 19(3), 2010
PMID: 20655759
[Isolated autobiographical amnesia: a neurological basis?].
Felician O, Tramoni E, Barbeau E, Bartolomei F, Guye M, Poncet M, Ceccaldi M., Rev Neurol (Paris) 165(5), 2009
PMID: 19150101
Functional retrograde amnesia: a multiple case study.
Fujiwara E, Brand M, Kracht L, Kessler J, Diebel A, Netz J, Markowitsch HJ., Cortex 44(1), 2008
PMID: 18387529
Neuropsychological and neural correlates of autobiographical deficits in a mother who killed her children.
Kalbe E, Brand M, Thiel A, Kessler J, Markowitsch HJ., Neurocase 14(1), 2008
PMID: 18569728
[Searching for lost memory: memory loss and recovery mechanisms observed in a patient with pure retrograde amnesia].
Antérion CT, Mazzola L, Foyatier-Michel N, Laurent B., Rev Neurol (Paris) 164(3), 2008
PMID: 18405779
Autobiographical memory: a biocultural relais between subject and environment.
Markowitsch HJ., Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 258 Suppl 5(), 2008
PMID: 18985304
The neural mechanism of imagining facial affective expression.
Kim SE, Kim JW, Kim JJ, Jeong BS, Choi EA, Jeong YG, Kim JH, Ku J, Ki SW., Brain Res 1145(), 2007
PMID: 17359942
Widespread cognitive impairment in psychogenic anterograde amnesia.
Kumar S, Rao SL, Sunny B, Gangadhar BN., Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 61(6), 2007
PMID: 18081616
Trauma-related dissociation: conceptual clarity lost and found.
van der Hart O, Nijenhuis E, Steele K, Brown D., Aust N Z J Psychiatry 38(11-12), 2004
PMID: 15555024
Organic and psychogenic factors leading to executive dysfunctions in a patient suffering from surgery of a colloid cyst of the Foramen of Monro.
Brand M, Kalbe E, Kracht LW, Riebel U, Münch J, Kessler J, Markowitsch HJ., Neurocase 10(6), 2004
PMID: 15788281
Psychogenic amnesia.
Markowitsch HJ., Neuroimage 20 Suppl 1(), 2003
PMID: 14597306
Resting regional cerebral perfusion in recent posttraumatic stress disorder.
Bonne O, Gilboa A, Louzoun Y, Brandes D, Yona I, Lester H, Barkai G, Freedman N, Chisin R, Shalev AY., Biol Psychiatry 54(10), 2003
PMID: 14625150
Functional retrograde amnesia--mnestic block syndrome.
Markowitsch HJ., Cortex 38(4), 2002
PMID: 12465676
Continuing cognitive impairment after isolated transient global amnesia.
Kessler J, Markowitsch HJ, Rudolf J, Heiss WD., Int J Neurosci 106(3-4), 2001
PMID: 11264917
A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder.
Ehlers A, Clark DM., Behav Res Ther 38(4), 2000
PMID: 10761279
Mild cognitive impairment: emerging therapeutics.
Sramek JJ, Veroff AE, Cutler NR., Ann Pharmacother 34(10), 2000
PMID: 11054988
Dissociative disorder after traumatic brain injury.
Cantagallo A, Grassi L, Della Sala S., Brain Inj 13(4), 1999
PMID: 10230523
Functional neuroimaging correlates of functional amnesia.
Markowitsch HJ., Memory 7(5-6), 1999
PMID: 10659087
Neuroimaging in psychiatry.
Weight DG, Bigler ED., Psychiatr Clin North Am 21(4), 1998
PMID: 9890119

29 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Trauma research: a new era.
Alexander DA., J Psychosom Res 41(1), 1996
PMID: 8887813
A case of simulated, psychogenic or focal pure retrograde amnesia: did an entire life become unconscious?
Barbarotto R, Laiacona M, Cocchini G., Neuropsychologia 34(6), 1996
PMID: 8736570
Cognitive functioning and posttraumatic stress disorder.
Barrett DH, Green ML, Morris R, Giles WH, Croft JB., Am J Psychiatry 153(11), 1996
PMID: 8890689
Functional neuroanatomical correlates of the effects of stress on memory.
Bremner JD, Krystal JH, Southwick SM, Charney DS., J Trauma Stress 8(4), 1995
PMID: 8564272
MRI-based measurement of hippocampal volume in patients with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.
Bremner JD, Randall P, Scott TM, Bronen RA, Seibyl JP, Southwick SM, Delaney RC, McCarthy G, Charney DS, Innis RB., Am J Psychiatry 152(7), 1995
PMID: 7793467
Magnetic resonance imaging-based measurement of hippocampal volume in posttraumatic stress disorder related to childhood physical and sexual abuse--a preliminary report.
Bremner JD, Randall P, Vermetten E, Staib L, Bronen RA, Mazure C, Capelli S, McCarthy G, Innis RB, Charney DS., Biol. Psychiatry 41(1), 1997
PMID: 8988792
Right temporofrontal cortex as critical locus for the ecphory of old episodic memories
Calabrese, Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 61(), 1996
Neuroimaging Findings in Anxiety Disorders.
Dager SR, Layton M, Richards T., Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry 1(1), 1996
PMID: 10229783
Persistent retrograde, amnesia following a minor trauma.
De Renzi E, Lucchelli F, Muggia S, Spinnler H., Cortex 31(3), 1995
PMID: 8536480
Structural Brain Changes in Mood Disorder: Clinical Correlates and Significance.
Dupont RM., Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry 1(1), 1996
PMID: 10229781
Linking combat and physical health: the legacy of World War II in men's lives.
Elder GH Jr, Shanahan MJ, Clipp EC., Am J Psychiatry 154(3), 1997
PMID: 9054779
Magnetic resonance imaging study of hippocampal volume in chronic, combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.
Gurvits TV, Shenton ME, Hokama H, Ohta H, Lasko NB, Gilbertson MW, Orr SP, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Pitman RK., Biol. Psychiatry 40(11), 1996
PMID: 8931911
Der Kieler Altgedächtnistest: Neuentwicklung eines deutschsprachigen Famous Event-Tests zur Erfassung des Altgedächtnisses
Leplow, Diagnostica 39(), 1993
Anatomical basis of memory disorders
Markowitsch, 1995
Which brain regions are critically involved in the retrieval of old episodic memory?
Markowitsch HJ., Brain Res. Brain Res. Rev. 21(2), 1995
PMID: 8866670
Organic and psychogenic retrograde amnesia: two sides of the same coin?
Markowitsch, Neurocase 4(), 1996
A PET Study of Persistent Psychogenic Amnesia Covering the Whole Life Span.
Markowitsch HJ, Fink GR, Thone A, Kessler J, Heiss WD., Cogn Neuropsychiatry 2(2), 1997
PMID: 25420201
Persistent post-traumatic retrograde amnesia: a neuropsychological and (18F)FDG PET study.
Mattioli F, Grassi F, Perani D, Cappa SF, Miozzo A, Fazio F., Cortex 32(1), 1996
PMID: 8697743
Anatomic standardization: linear scaling and nonlinear warping of functional brain images.
Minoshima S, Koeppe RA, Frey KA, Kuhl DE., J. Nucl. Med. 35(9), 1994
PMID: 8071705
The ‘glucocorticoid cascade’ hypothesis in man
O'Brien, British Journal of Psychiatry 170(), 1997
Why stress is bad for your brain.
Sapolsky RM., Science 273(5276), 1996
PMID: 8701325
Hippocampal damage associated with prolonged glucocorticoid exposure in primates.
Sapolsky RM, Uno H, Rebert CS, Finch CE., J. Neurosci. 10(9), 1990
PMID: 2398367
The ‘Petites Madeleines’ phenomenon in two amnesic patients
Spinnler, Brain 119(), 1996
Cognitive deficits and psychopathology among former prisoners of war and combat veterans of the Korean conflict.
Sutker PB, Winstead DK, Galina ZH, Allain AN., Am J Psychiatry 148(1), 1991
PMID: 1984709

Tulving, 1983
The body keeps the score: memory and the evolving psychobiology of posttraumatic stress
Van, Harvard Reviews in Psychiatry 1(), 1993
The ECAT EXACT HR: performance of a new high resolution positron scanner.
Wienhard K, Dahlbom M, Eriksson L, Michel C, Bruckbauer T, Pietrzyk U, Heiss WD., J Comput Assist Tomogr 18(1), 1994
PMID: 8282858

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Quellen

PMID: 9533390
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar