10.1137/030600515
Beyn, Wolf-Jürgen
Wolf-Jürgen
Beyn
Thümmler, Vera
Vera
Thümmler
Freezing solutions of equivariant evolution equations
Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
2004
2010-04-28T12:57:25Z
2019-06-28T09:46:22Z
journal_article
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/1607379
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/1607379.json
1536-0040
In this paper we develop numerical methods for integrating general evolution equations u(t) = F(u), u(0) = u(0), where F is defined on a dense subspace of some Banach space (generally infinite-dimensional) and is equivariant with respect to the action of a finite-dimensional (not necessarily compact) Lie group. Such equations typically arise from autonomous PDEs on unbounded domains that are invariant under the action of the Euclidean group or one of its subgroups. In our approach we write the solution u(t) as a composition of the action of a time-dependent group element with a "frozen solution" in the given Banach space. We keep the frozen solution as constant as possible by introducing a set of algebraic constraints (phase conditions), the number of which is given by the dimension of the Lie group. The resulting PDAE (partial differential algebraic equation) is then solved by combining classical numerical methods, such as restriction to a bounded domain with asymptotic boundary conditions, half-explicit Euler methods in time, and finite differences in space. We provide applications to reaction-diffusion systems that have traveling wave or spiral solutions in one and two space dimensions.