Conditional relevance of controls: A simultaneous test of the influences of self-control and deterrence on criminal behaviour in the context of Situational Action Theory

Schepers D, Reinecke J (2018)
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY 15(1): 77-92.

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Abstract
Situational Action Theory includes a series of propositions on the interaction between the moral filter and internal and external controls. These reflections are condensed into the principle of the conditional relevance of controls and the principle of moral correspondence. In this study, the interplay of controls and moral forces is tested within the framework of structural equation modelling. Survey data from two cohorts of students in the German cities of Dortmund (North-Rhine Westphalia) and Nuremberg (Bavaria) serve as the empirical base. By using multiple group comparisons, the influences of self-control and deterrence on self-reported delinquency are examined simultaneously for four different subgroups of respondents formed on the basis of their levels of crime propensity and criminogenic exposure. The analyses provide support for a conditional relevance of controls, but produce only mixed evidence for the principle of moral correspondence. Controls are more important when the moral filter is weak, but fail to lose their explanatory power among adolescents characterized by both high propensity and strong exposure. Our findings furthermore suggest that self-control appears to matter particularly when the moral context encourages crime and deterrence seems to be influential especially when personal morality encourages crime.
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Schepers D, Reinecke J. Conditional relevance of controls: A simultaneous test of the influences of self-control and deterrence on criminal behaviour in the context of Situational Action Theory. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY. 2018;15(1):77-92.
Schepers, D., & Reinecke, J. (2018). Conditional relevance of controls: A simultaneous test of the influences of self-control and deterrence on criminal behaviour in the context of Situational Action Theory. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY, 15(1), 77-92. doi:10.1177/1477370817732191
Schepers, D., and Reinecke, J. (2018). Conditional relevance of controls: A simultaneous test of the influences of self-control and deterrence on criminal behaviour in the context of Situational Action Theory. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY 15, 77-92.
Schepers, D., & Reinecke, J., 2018. Conditional relevance of controls: A simultaneous test of the influences of self-control and deterrence on criminal behaviour in the context of Situational Action Theory. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY, 15(1), p 77-92.
D. Schepers and J. Reinecke, “Conditional relevance of controls: A simultaneous test of the influences of self-control and deterrence on criminal behaviour in the context of Situational Action Theory”, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY, vol. 15, 2018, pp. 77-92.
Schepers, D., Reinecke, J.: Conditional relevance of controls: A simultaneous test of the influences of self-control and deterrence on criminal behaviour in the context of Situational Action Theory. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY. 15, 77-92 (2018).
Schepers, Debbie, and Reinecke, Jost. “Conditional relevance of controls: A simultaneous test of the influences of self-control and deterrence on criminal behaviour in the context of Situational Action Theory”. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY 15.1 (2018): 77-92.
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