2-Benzylindane radical cations in the gas phase (Part II): Substituent effects on regio- and stereoselective progressive hydrogen scrambling occurring prior to unimolecular fragmentation

Kuck D, Grützmacher H-F (2017)
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY 413: 117-126.

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Abstract
In the present and in the preceding article, the unimolecular fragmentation of the radical cations of 2-benzylindane and eleven derivatives bearing meta- or para-substituents at the benzylic moiety have been studied with respect to the hydrogen exchange that precedes their fragmentation by the McLafferty reaction. Extensive regio- and stereospecific deuterium labelling confirmed that the hydrogen exchange involves the two cis-oriented H atoms at the benzylic C-1 and C-3 positions of the indanyl moiety and the two ortho-H atoms of the benzyl group. This 4-H exchange is perfectly stereoselective for the most electron-rich congeners [X=OCH3, N(CH3)(2) and 3',5'-(OCH3)(2)] but less stereoselective for the other analogs. Energy- and lifetime-dependent measurements with the deuterium-labelled isotopologs revealed that the extent of HID exchange progresses with the ions' lifetime much faster in the meta- than in the para-isomers. With exception of the meta-dimethylamino derivative, equilibration (complete scrambling) of the four H atoms is reached in the long-lived, metastable ions, whereas the para-dimethylamino isomer does not undergo any exchange at all. The relative rate of the HAD exchange is rationalized on the basis of the energy profiles calculated for the reversible gamma-H transfer that generates the corresponding distonic arenium-ion intermediates and for the overall fragmentation by the McLafferty reaction. The ipso-protonolysis of the benzyl residue giving rise to the loss of the corresponding arenes specifically from some of the para-isomers was also found to reflect the regio- and stereoselective 4-H exchange. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Kuck D, Grützmacher H-F. 2-Benzylindane radical cations in the gas phase (Part II): Substituent effects on regio- and stereoselective progressive hydrogen scrambling occurring prior to unimolecular fragmentation. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY. 2017;413:117-126.
Kuck, D., & Grützmacher, H. - F. (2017). 2-Benzylindane radical cations in the gas phase (Part II): Substituent effects on regio- and stereoselective progressive hydrogen scrambling occurring prior to unimolecular fragmentation. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY, 413, 117-126. doi:10.1016/j.ijms.2016.05.020
Kuck, D., and Grützmacher, H. - F. (2017). 2-Benzylindane radical cations in the gas phase (Part II): Substituent effects on regio- and stereoselective progressive hydrogen scrambling occurring prior to unimolecular fragmentation. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY 413, 117-126.
Kuck, D., & Grützmacher, H.-F., 2017. 2-Benzylindane radical cations in the gas phase (Part II): Substituent effects on regio- and stereoselective progressive hydrogen scrambling occurring prior to unimolecular fragmentation. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY, 413, p 117-126.
D. Kuck and H.-F. Grützmacher, “2-Benzylindane radical cations in the gas phase (Part II): Substituent effects on regio- and stereoselective progressive hydrogen scrambling occurring prior to unimolecular fragmentation”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY, vol. 413, 2017, pp. 117-126.
Kuck, D., Grützmacher, H.-F.: 2-Benzylindane radical cations in the gas phase (Part II): Substituent effects on regio- and stereoselective progressive hydrogen scrambling occurring prior to unimolecular fragmentation. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY. 413, 117-126 (2017).
Kuck, Dietmar, and Grützmacher, Hans-Friedrich. “2-Benzylindane radical cations in the gas phase (Part II): Substituent effects on regio- and stereoselective progressive hydrogen scrambling occurring prior to unimolecular fragmentation”. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY 413 (2017): 117-126.
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