Expanding the genetic cause of multiple sulfatase deficiency: A novel SUMF1 variant in a patient displaying a severe late infantile form of the disease

Jaszczuk I, Schlotawa L, Dierks T, Ohlenbusch A, Koppenhoefer D, Babicz M, Lejman M, Radhakrishnan K, Lugowska A (2017)
MOLECULAR GENETICS AND METABOLISM 121(3): 252-258.

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Multiple sulfatase deficiency (MSD) is a rare inherited metabolic disease caused by defective cellular sulfatases. Activity of sulfatases depends on post-translational modification catalyzed by formylglycine-generating enzyme (FGE), encoded by the SUMF1 gene. SUMF1 pathologic variants cause MSD, a syndrome presenting with a complex phenotype. We describe the first Polish patient with MSD caused by a yet undescribed pathologic variant c.337G>A [p.Glu113Lys] (i.e. p.E113K) in heterozygous combination with the known deletion allele c.519 +5_519 + 8del [p.Ala149_Ala173del]. The clinical picture of the patient initially suggested late infantile metachromatic leukodystrophy, with developmental delay followed by regression of visual, hearing and motor abilities as the most apparent clinical symptoms. Transient signs of ichthyosis and minor dysmorphic features guided the laboratory workup towards MSD. Since MSD is a rare disease and there is a variable clinical spectrum, we thoroughly describe the clinical outcome of our patient. The FGE-E113K variant, expressed in cell culture, correctly localized to the endoplasmic reticulum but was retained intracellularly in contrast to the wild type FGE. Analysis of FGE-mediated activation of steroid sulfatase in immortalized MSD cells revealed that FGE-E113K exhibited only approx. 15% of the activity of wild type FGE. Based on the crystal structure we predict that the exchange of glutamate-113 against lysine should induce a strong destabilization of the secondary structure, possibly affecting the folding for correct disulfide bridging between C235-C346 as well as distortion of the active site groove that could affect both the intracellular stability as well as the activity of FGE. Thus, the novel variant of the SUMF1 gene obviously results in functionally impaired FGE protein leading to a severe late infantile type of MSD. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Jaszczuk I, Schlotawa L, Dierks T, et al. Expanding the genetic cause of multiple sulfatase deficiency: A novel SUMF1 variant in a patient displaying a severe late infantile form of the disease. MOLECULAR GENETICS AND METABOLISM. 2017;121(3):252-258.
Jaszczuk, I., Schlotawa, L., Dierks, T., Ohlenbusch, A., Koppenhoefer, D., Babicz, M., Lejman, M., et al. (2017). Expanding the genetic cause of multiple sulfatase deficiency: A novel SUMF1 variant in a patient displaying a severe late infantile form of the disease. MOLECULAR GENETICS AND METABOLISM, 121(3), 252-258. doi:10.1016/j.ymgme.2017.05.013
Jaszczuk, I., Schlotawa, L., Dierks, T., Ohlenbusch, A., Koppenhoefer, D., Babicz, M., Lejman, M., Radhakrishnan, K., and Lugowska, A. (2017). Expanding the genetic cause of multiple sulfatase deficiency: A novel SUMF1 variant in a patient displaying a severe late infantile form of the disease. MOLECULAR GENETICS AND METABOLISM 121, 252-258.
Jaszczuk, I., et al., 2017. Expanding the genetic cause of multiple sulfatase deficiency: A novel SUMF1 variant in a patient displaying a severe late infantile form of the disease. MOLECULAR GENETICS AND METABOLISM, 121(3), p 252-258.
I. Jaszczuk, et al., “Expanding the genetic cause of multiple sulfatase deficiency: A novel SUMF1 variant in a patient displaying a severe late infantile form of the disease”, MOLECULAR GENETICS AND METABOLISM, vol. 121, 2017, pp. 252-258.
Jaszczuk, I., Schlotawa, L., Dierks, T., Ohlenbusch, A., Koppenhoefer, D., Babicz, M., Lejman, M., Radhakrishnan, K., Lugowska, A.: Expanding the genetic cause of multiple sulfatase deficiency: A novel SUMF1 variant in a patient displaying a severe late infantile form of the disease. MOLECULAR GENETICS AND METABOLISM. 121, 252-258 (2017).
Jaszczuk, Ilona, Schlotawa, Lars, Dierks, Thomas, Ohlenbusch, Andreas, Koppenhoefer, Dominique, Babicz, Mariusz, Lejman, Monika, Radhakrishnan, Karthikeyan, and Lugowska, Agnieszka. “Expanding the genetic cause of multiple sulfatase deficiency: A novel SUMF1 variant in a patient displaying a severe late infantile form of the disease”. MOLECULAR GENETICS AND METABOLISM 121.3 (2017): 252-258.
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