Pathways of Intergenerational Transmission of Advantages during Adolescence: Social Background, Cognitive Ability, and Educational Attainment

Schulz W, Schunck R, Diewald M, Johnson W (2017)
Journal of Youth and Adolescence 46(10): 2194-2214.

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Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Educational attainment in adolescence is of paramount importance for attaining higher education and for shaping subsequent life chances. Sociological accounts focus on the role of differences in socioeconomic resources in intergenerational reproduction of educational inequalities. These often disregard the intergenerational transmission of cognitive ability and the importance of children's cognitive ability to educational attainment. Psychological perspectives stress the importance of cognitive ability for educational attainment but underemphasize potentially different roles of specific socioeconomic resources in shaping educational outcomes, as well as individual differences in cognitive ability. By integrating two strands of research, a clearer picture of the pathways linking the family of origin, cognitive ability, and early educational outcomes can be reached. Using the population-based TwinLife study in Germany, we investigated multidimensional pathways linking parental socioeconomic position to their children's cognitive ability and academic track attendance in the secondary school. The sample included twins (N = 4008), respectively ages 11 and 17, and siblings (N = 801). We observed strong genetic influences on cognitive ability, whereas shared environmental influences were much more important for academic tracking. In multilevel analyses, separate dimensions of socioeconomic resources influenced child cognitive ability, controlling parental cognitive ability. Controlling adolescent cognitive ability and parental cognitive ability, parental socioeconomic resources also directly affected track attendance. This indicated that it is crucial to investigate the intertwined influences on educational outcomes in adolescence of both cognitive ability and the characteristics of the family of origin.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Band
46
Zeitschriftennummer
10
Seite
2194-2214
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Schulz W, Schunck R, Diewald M, Johnson W. Pathways of Intergenerational Transmission of Advantages during Adolescence: Social Background, Cognitive Ability, and Educational Attainment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2017;46(10):2194-2214.
Schulz, W., Schunck, R., Diewald, M., & Johnson, W. (2017). Pathways of Intergenerational Transmission of Advantages during Adolescence: Social Background, Cognitive Ability, and Educational Attainment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(10), 2194-2214. doi:10.1007/s10964-017-0718-0
Schulz, W., Schunck, R., Diewald, M., and Johnson, W. (2017). Pathways of Intergenerational Transmission of Advantages during Adolescence: Social Background, Cognitive Ability, and Educational Attainment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 46, 2194-2214.
Schulz, W., et al., 2017. Pathways of Intergenerational Transmission of Advantages during Adolescence: Social Background, Cognitive Ability, and Educational Attainment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(10), p 2194-2214.
W. Schulz, et al., “Pathways of Intergenerational Transmission of Advantages during Adolescence: Social Background, Cognitive Ability, and Educational Attainment”, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 46, 2017, pp. 2194-2214.
Schulz, W., Schunck, R., Diewald, M., Johnson, W.: Pathways of Intergenerational Transmission of Advantages during Adolescence: Social Background, Cognitive Ability, and Educational Attainment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 46, 2194-2214 (2017).
Schulz, Wiebke, Schunck, Reinhard, Diewald, Martin, and Johnson, Wendy. “Pathways of Intergenerational Transmission of Advantages during Adolescence: Social Background, Cognitive Ability, and Educational Attainment”. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 46.10 (2017): 2194-2214.

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Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.


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